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Student Meets Employer: A Framework for Engaging Employers & Disclosing a Disability. Dr. Veronica Leona Porter Associate Professor and Coordinator, Cooperative Education - Northeastern University Jeanette Richards M.S., CRC,

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Student Meets Employer: A Framework for Engaging Employers & Disclosing a Disability

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Student meets employer a framework for engaging employers disclosing a disability

Student Meets Employer: A Framework for Engaging Employers & Disclosing a Disability

Dr. Veronica Leona Porter

Associate Professor and Coordinator,

Cooperative Education - Northeastern University

Jeanette Richards M.S., CRC,

WorkAbility IV Coordinator - San Diego State University

Marci Shaffer, M.S.,

Disability Specialist - Northeastern University

Sara Mahoney, M.A.

Equal Employment Specialist - U.S. Department of State

Amber Cheek, J.D.

Presidential Management Fellow, Office of Disability Employment Policy

Session # 8.8


Student meets employer a framework for engaging employers disclosing a disability

Dr. Veronica Leona Porter

Associate Professor and Coordinator,

Cooperative Education - Northeastern University


The kaye jans jones study hiring and retaining workers with disabilities

The Kaye, Jans, Jones Study Hiring and Retaining Workers with Disabilities

  • Researchers surveyed employers known to be reluctant to comply with disability non-discrimination laws.

  • They were asked “why they thought that other employers might not hire or retain people with disabilities.”


Responses

Responses

Worried about cost of reasonable accommodations.

Don’t know how to handle needs of a worker with a disability on the job.

Afraid that they won’t be able to discipline or fire a worker with a disability for poor performance.

Can’t ask about applicant’s disability making it hard to assess whether person can do the job.

Concerned about extra time for supervision.


Responses continued

Responses, continued

Afraid of other costs, insurance etc.

Afraid worker won’t work up to the same standard of others.

Rarely see people with disabilities applying for jobs.

Believe that people with disabilities can’t do the basic functions of the jobs they apply for.


Responses continued1

Responses, continued

They discriminate against job applicants with disabilities.

They are concerned about attitudes of co-workers toward the person with a disability.

They find that applicants with disabilities don’t have the necessary skills and experience.

They think of workers with disabilities as “problem employees”.

They find that job applicants with disabilities don’t present themselves well in interviews.


Strategies for improvement

Strategies for Improvement

  • More or better training on disability issues.

  • Central organization wide source for expertise on accommodation issues.

  • Written guidelines for dealing with disability issues.

  • External resources for guidance.

  • Centralized fund for accommodations.

  • Written company nondiscrimination policy.


Employment of people with disabilities the reality

Employment of People with Disabilities: The Reality


Student meets employer a framework for engaging employers disclosing a disability

Jeanette Richards M.S., CRC,

WorkAbility IV Coordinator - San Diego State University


Workability iv

WorkAbility IV

A Cooperative Career Development Program

WAIV promotes access and offers enhanced career services

that empower student to:

  • Choose, plan and prepare for a career

  • Meet academic and career requirements

  • Secure and retain employment


Engaging employers

Engaging Employers

  • Disability Mentoring Days

  • Workforce Recruitment Program (WRP)

  • Business Leadership Network

  • Career Services (employer led panels, workshops, info sessions, etc.)

  • Schedule A Registry – Dept. of Navy Southwest

  • Bender Consulting – College Partnership Program

  • “Add Us In” Grant – California Consortium, Disability-Inclusive Diversity smALL Business “Add Us In” Grant from the U.S. DOL’s ODEP

    Add Us In initiative

  • Entry-Point!

  • Seattle Lighthouse for the Blind


Student meets employer a framework for engaging employers disclosing a disability

Marci Shaffer, M.S.,

Disability Specialist - Northeastern University


Nuconnect

NuConnect

A Strategic Partnership between the Disability Resource Center, Co-Op Program and

Career Services.


Wrap around experiential model for success

Wrap Around Experiential Model for Success


Video

Video


Student meets employer a framework for engaging employers disclosing a disability

Sara Mahoney, M.A.

Equal Employment Specialist - U.S. Department of State


Why disclose

Why Disclose?

  • Advantages

  • Disadvantages

  • Students don’t have to disclose. They should understand that:

    • They can request an accommodation at any time after they’ve been hired, or

    • Choose not to disclose at all.


Disclosure in four parts

Disclosure in Four Parts

  • When

  • Where

  • To Whom

  • How


Disclosure complications

Disclosure Complications

  • Your Goal: to understand the line between what employers want to know and what they need to know.

    • Avoiding TMI

    • Social Media Disclosure


What employers need to know

What Employers Need to Know

  • What employers should ask and what they should not ask during the interview and in the on-boarding process.

  • Voluntary unless specifically outlined in written policies and procedures

  • Employers must provide accommodations

  • The interactive process is essential

  • Best practice: asking every applicant if they need accommodations


Student meets employer a framework for engaging employers disclosing a disability

Amber Cheek, J.D.

Presidential Management Fellow, Office of Disability Employment Policy


The workforce recruitment program

The Workforce Recruitment Program

The WRP:

  • Is a free recruitment and referral program

  • Connects employers with highly motivated postsecondary students and recent graduates with disabilities who are eager to prove their abilities.

  • Is the largest database of Schedule A eligible candidates in the government (approximately 3,000 students and recent graduates annually).

  • Can be used to hire both interns and permanent employees.


Goals of the wrp

Goals of the WRP

Primarily, the WRP seeks to:

  • Function as a primary pipeline for bringing new talent into the federal government to fill mission critical jobs.

  • Help college Career Centers and Disability Services Offices address the unique issues involved in assisting candidates with disabilities with finding employment, such as accommodations and the use of the Schedule A Hiring Authority.

  • Break down attitudinal barriers in the workplace.


Wrp and disclosure

WRP and Disclosure

The WRP is the perfect example of how these issues play out – we see the process through the eyes of students, schools, and recruiters.

  • Students must:

    • Disclose that they are a person with a disability in order to register

    • Speak about any accommodations they need with a recruiter, who adds those details to their write-ups (recruiters are instructed not to disclose specifics of a candidate’s disability in the database).


The problems

The Problems

Given our experience with WRP recruitment, we’ve pinpointed two primary issues in recruitment of students with disabilities:

  • Students don’t understand how to speak about their disability and request accommodations.

  • Recruiters and employers can’t read their minds.


Lost in translation

Lost in Translation

  • There is a distinct gap between what students try to say, and what recruiters hear and write.

  • Examples:

    • The Good

    • The Bad

    • The Ugly


Addressing the problems

Addressing the Problems

  • Campuses should take steps to ensure that Career Services Offices and Disability Services Offices are working together closely and sharing best practices

  • Students need to learn what their accommodation needs are and how to speak about their disability and the accommodations they need


What students need to know

What Students Need to Know

  • Teach your students to speak about their disability with these goals in mind:

    • Understanding the accommodations that meet their needs and will be reasonable;

    • Being able to explain the accommodations they need to do the job concisely, without dwelling on the details of their disability; and

    • Avoiding giving too much information or requesting accommodations that are unreasonable


Resources on disclosure

Resources on Disclosure

  • The Legal Aid Society–Employment Law Center Fact Sheets -http://www.las-elc.org/factsheets.html

    • Disabilities in the Workplace: An Introduction to State and Federal Laws

    • Disabilities in the Workplace: Reasonable Accommodations

  • The 411 on Disability Disclosure Workbook - http://www.ncwd-youth.info/sites/default/files/The_411_On_Disability_Disclosure_for_Adults.pdf

  • Article: The Art of Disclosing Your Disability Presented by Richard Pimentel http://www.miltwright.com/articles/ArtOfDisclosingYourDisability.pdf

  • Illinois ADA Project FAQ: Disability Disclosure Under the ADA - http://iusd.org/career/pages/documents/DisabilityDisclosureFAQ_Final_.pdf


Resources on disclosure1

Resources on Disclosure

  • National Service Inclusion Project - Look for July 25: Disability and Disclosure Materials. Excellent PowerPoint and archived webinar. http://www.serviceandinclusion.org/index.php?page=conf_archive

  • University of Wisconsin River Falls Career Services Disability Disclosure Handout - http://www.uwrf.edu/CareerServices/upload/HandoutDisabilityDisclosure.pdf

  • University of Montana Career Services Disability Disclosure Handout - http://life.umt.edu/career/PDF/DisabilityDisclosureHandout.pdf


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