Europe during the middle ages
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Europe During the Middle Ages. World History. Time Periods. Early Middle Ages : 500 – 1000 High Middle Ages : 1000 – 1250 Late Middle Ages : 1250 - 1500. Europe in the 6 th Century. Charlemange. Ruled from 742 – 814 Influential because… Emperor of the Romans Government Education.

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Europe During the Middle Ages

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Europe During the Middle Ages

World History


Time Periods

Early Middle Ages: 500 – 1000

High Middle Ages: 1000 – 1250

Late Middle Ages: 1250 - 1500


Europe in the 6th Century


Charlemange

Ruled from 742 – 814

Influential because…

Emperor of the Romans

Government

Education


Charlemange’s Empire


Empire Collapses 843


The Vikings

  • Origins

  • Women

  • Government


Feudalism

  • A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty and military service.


Manorialism


England in the Middle Ages


William the Conqueror: Battle of Hastings, 1066

(Bayeaux Tapestry)


Evolution of England’s Political System

  • Henry I:

    • William’s son.

    • set up a court system.

    • Exchequer dept. of royal finances.

  • Henry II:

    • Hired Army.

    • Established the principle of common law throughout the kingdom. (guilt vs. ordeal)

    • Trial by jury. Including church officials.


Magna Carta, 1215

  • King John I

  • Barons of the Kingdom

  • “Great Charter”

  • monarchs were not above the law.

  • kings had to consult a council of advisors.

  • kings could not taxarbitrarily or take property w/out paying.

  • Jury of your peers.


The Beginnings of the British Parliament

  • Great Council:

    • Middle class merchants, townspeople, along w/ Nobility and clergy

    • Eventually called Parliament.

    • By 1400, two chambers evolved:

      • House of Lords  nobles & clergy.

      • House of Commons  knights and burgesses.

      • Powers – advise the king & refuse new taxes


Architecture

The Middle Ages

vs.

The Early Renaissance


The Middle Ages

“Romanesque Style”

Rounded Arches.

Barrel vaults.

Thick walls.

Darker, simplistic interiors.

Small windows, usually at the top of the wall.


The Early Renaissance

“Gothic Style”

Pointed arches.

High, narrow vaults.

Thinner walls.

Flying buttresses.

Elaborate, ornate, airier interiors.

Stained-glass windows.


The Catholic Church


The Power of the Medieval Church

  • Church served as gov’t after fall of Rome

  • Monasticism:

    • Benedictine Rule – poverty, chastity & obedience

    • Served as schools, inns, hospitals & refuge in times of war

    • controlled about 1/3 of the land in Western Europe.

    • Goal to curb heresies  crusades; Inquisition

  • Tithe 1/10 tax on your assets given to the church. (Peter’s Pence  1 penny per personpaid by the peasants).


Christian Crusades: East and West


Pope Urban II: Preaching a Crusade


Setting Out on Crusade


Effects of the Crusades

East Meets West


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