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Leadership . What Is Leadership?. Leadership The ability to influence a group toward the achievement of goals. Some Characteristics of Managers Versus Leaders in the Twenty-First Century. Sumber : Luthans (1995 : hal. 342). Empirical Results … (Castile, 2006).

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what is leadership
What Is Leadership?

Leadership

The ability to influence a group toward the achievement of goals.

slide3

Some Characteristics of Managers Versus Leaders in the Twenty-First Century

Sumber : Luthans (1995 : hal. 342)

empirical results castile 2006
Empirical Results…(Castile, 2006)
  • Regression analysis showed a strong positivecorrelationbetween leadership and organisational performance (<0.05)
  • But … although independent variables where found to be jointly significant they are individually insignificant (hence not independent) - (multicollinearity)
  • Factor analysis generated a 2 Factor model
  • F1 Generates and manages a vision
  • F2 Empowers others
teori kepemimpinan robbins 2002
TeoriKepemimpinan(Robbins, 2002)

Teori Sifat

(Traits Theory)

Teori Keprilakuan

(Behavioral Theory)

Teori Kepemimpinan

Teori Kemungkinan

(Contigency Theory)

leadership theories

Results

Focus

Capability Focus

Leadership Theories...

Emerging

Models

Trait Theory

Style Theory

Situational Theory

Transformational Theory

  • Made
  • Behaviours
  • Made
  • Context
  • Situational
  • Flexibility
  • Born
  • Heroic
  • Characteristics
  • Born and Made
  • Situational
  • Born and Made
  • Primal Leadership
  • Servant Leadership
trait theories
Trait Theories

Traits Theories of Leadership

Theories that consider personality, social, physical, or intellectual traits to differentiate leaders from nonleaders.

  • Leadership Traits:
  • Ambition and energy
  • The desire to lead
  • Honest and integrity
  • Self-confidence
  • Intelligence
  • High self-monitoring
  • Job-relevant knowledge
behavioral theories
Behavioral Theories

Behavioral Theories of Leadership

Theories proposing that specific behaviors differentiate leaders from nonleaders.

  • Trait theory:Leaders are born, not made.
  • Behavioral theory:Leadership traits can be taught.
transformational vs transactional leadership
Transformational Vs Transactional Leadership

Transactional Leadership

  • Leaders who engage in “transactions” with employees, such as using rewards to encourage good performance and punishment for inadequate performance.
  • Transactional leaders rely heavily on power from their organizational position and status.
  • Research shows that most men describe themselves this way.
transformational leadership
Transformational leadership
  • “Transformational” leaders are focused on “transforming” their employees’ priorities to reflect the interest of the group. This involves the use of collaboration and open communication.
  • Transformational leaders influence people and events.
  • Most women identify themselves this way.
variables of transformational leadership
Variables of Transformational Leadership
  • Transformational Leadership
  • Idealized Influence
  • Inspiration
  • Intellectual stimulation
  • Individualized consideration

Broadening and

elevating follower goals

Performance beyond expectations

  • Transactional Leadership
  • Contingent reward
  • Management by exception (active or passive)
  • Laissez faire

Leader/follower exchange

Agreed uponperformance

slide16

MasukRumahSakit

Moment of Truth (MOT)

Pasien

Petugas

Pendaftaran

Tukangparkir

Satpam

Kasier

Dokter

Perawat

Petugas

Apotik

Lab.

Petugas Rontgent

slide18

RS terkesanDoctor OrientedPadahal SDM RS sangatKompleks :- Perawat- AhliGizi- Ekonom- Analis- Fisioterapis- Radiografer- Satpam- TukangCuci (Laundry)

peraturan pemerintah pp no 32 tahun 1996
PeraturanPemerintah (PP)No.32 Tahun 1996

Tenaga Kesehatan terdiri atas :

  • Tenaga Medis
  • Tenaga Keperawatan
  • Tenaga Kefarmasian
  • Tenaga Kesehatan Masyarakat
  • Tenaga Gizi
  • Tenaga Keterapian Fisik, ex : physiotherapist, speech therapist
  • Tenaga Keteknisian Medis, ex : radiografer
slide20

The lack of unity for health

Source: Dr. Charles.Boelen,

Towards Unity for Health, WHO Geneva, 2000

Policy Makers

Mrs TalkWell

Dr ButCare

Health

Managers

Health Professions

Mr AllDone

Prof KnowAll

Academic

Institutions

Communities

WantAll

definisi msdm
Definisi MSDM

Serangkaiankeputusanuntukmengelolahubunganketenagakerjaan (calonpegawai, pegawai & pensiunan) secara optimal mulaidarirekruitmen, seleksi, penempatan, pemeliharaan (kompensasi &kesejahteraan) danpengembangan, (karir, pendidikan & pelatihan ) sertaterminasi, untukmencapaitujuanorganisasi (memeliharadanmeningkatkanperformansi)

aktivitas manajemen sdm
AktivitasManajemen SDM
  • Perencanaan SDM
  • RekruitmendanSeleksi
  • PenilaianKinerja
  • PelatihandanPengembangan
  • PemberianKompensasi
  • PemeliharaanKaryawan
  • HubunganKaryawan
aktivitas msdm

PenilaianKinerja

Pelatihan & pengembangan

Kompensasi

Rekrutmen

Seleksi

Perencanaan

Hubungan

Karyawan

Pemeliharaan

(karir)

Kompetensi Yang Dibutuhkan

Aktivitas MSDM
recuitment
Recuitment

is the act or process of an organization attempting to obtain additional manpower for operational purpose

Recutiment including the identification and evaluation of source, is major step in the total staffing process. It continues with inventories of capabilities, recuitment, selection, placement and orientation

tingkat absensi ta
Tingkat Absensi (TA)

Hari Kerja yang Hilang

TA

=

Hari Karyawan Bekerja + Hari Karyawan Tidak berkerja

Seorangahligizifull timer total harikerjasebulan rata-rata 25 hari, bekerja13 hari, jumlahharitidakbekerja 12 hari

TA = 12/ 25 X 100% = 50%

turn over
Turn Over
  • Accession Rate (AR), karenakeluar
  • Separation Rate (SR), karenapemecatan

Andaikatasuatu RS memiliki 800 karyawan, dimanaselamaituterjadi 16 kali karyawankeluardan 24 kali pemecatanmaka

AR 16/800 X 100% = 2 %

SR 24/800 X 100% = 3%

Replacement rate minimal samadengan

AR

selecting
Selecting

is chossing. The selection process involves picking out by preference some objects from among others.

success profile
Success Profile
  • What I Know (Knowledge)
  • What I can Do (Competency)
  • What I have Done (Experience)
  • Personal Traits (Personality)
selection process
Selection Process
  • Successive Hurdles

Harus lulus secara bertahap

  • Compensatory

Kekurangan di salah satu faktor dapat ditutup oleh faktor lain

successive hurdles
Successive Hurdles

STOP

STOP

STOP

STOP

STOP

Seleksi

Berkas

Tes

Wawancara

Personality

Check

Cek

Kesehatan

Diterima

compensatory
Compensatory

STOP

Tes

Berkas

Personality

Diterima

Cek Kesehatan

orientasi
Orientasi

Disebut juga proses induksi. Memperkenalkan para karyawan baru terhadap peranan atau kedudukan mereka di organisasi dan dengan para karyawan lain

manfaat program orientasi
Manfaat Program Orientasi
  • Tenaga kerja baru (new comers) menjadi faham terhadap organisasi di mana mereka bekerja
  • Mengurangi rasa kekhawatiran bagi tenaga kerja baru akan masa depanya
  • Penyelia, atasan langsung,rekan sekerja akan lebih yakin, bahwa tenaga kerja baru akan bekerja dengan baik dan benar
  • Mengurangi akan turn over
orientasi1
Orientasi

Masalah Organisasional

Sejarah Singkat Organisasi

Struktur, visi, misi,values, ritual

Nama dan jabatan direktur

Lay out Rumah Sakit

Periode Percobaan

Policy, aturan, sangsi

Buku Pedoman Karyawan

Proses Pelayanan

Hal lain penting masalah pelayanan

Perkenalan

Dengan Supervisor

Dengan instruktur (CI)

Dengan rekan sekerja

Dengan bagian HRD

Ke HRD-an (Tunjangan-tunjangan Karyawan)

Skala Penggajian

Cuti dan Liburan

Jam Istirahat

Latihan dan Pendidikan

Konseling

Asuransi

Program Pensiun

Pelayanan organisasi terhadap

Karyawan

Lain-2 misal Kopkar

Tugas-tugas Jabatan (Khusus)

Lokasi Pekerjaan

Tugas-tugas Pekerjaan

Alur Orientasi

Fungsi jabatan

SOP-SOP

Hubunganya dengan pekerjaan lain

contoh alur orientasi perawat baru
ContohAlurOrientasiperawatbaru

UGD

1 minggu

Poli

1 minggu

Tes

Dengan CI

Specific care

3 hari

Ruangan

Kelas 3

1 minggu

Ruangan

Kelas 1 dan 2

2 minggu

Penempatan

slide37

PelatihandanPengembangan

Definisi Pelatihan

Pelatihan adalah serangkaian aktivitas yang dirancang untuk meningkatkan keahlian-keahlian, pengetahuan, pengalaman, ataupun perubahan sikap seorang individu. Pelatihan berkenaan dengan perolehan keahlian-keahlian atau pengetahuan tertentu.

two sides of skills
Two-Sides of Skills

Hard Skills

Soft Skills

slide39

Program Satuan Pelatihan (PSP)

PENGERTIAN :

  • Bentuksuatuperencanaansistematis program pelatihan yang mencakup:
  • Tujuanpelatihan yang akandicapai
  • Lingkupmateripelatihan
  • Strategipelaksanaanpelatihan
  • Sumber / referensi
slide40

Komponen PSP

1. Topik / pokokbahasan

2. Prasyaratkemampuanpeserta

3. Tujuanpelatihan

4. Materipelatihan

5. Kegiatanbelajarmengajar

6. Alat, media, danbahanpelatihan

7. Evaluasi

relationship of various needs theories
Relationship of Various Needs Theories

Alderfer

Herzberg

Maslow

McClelland

Self-Actualization

Need for Achievement

Growth

Motivators

Esteem

Need for Power

Relatedness

Affiliation

Hygiene

Need for Affiliation

Factors

Security

Existence

Physiological

motivation
Motivation

Motivation as…

Energizing condition of organism that serves to direct that organism toward the goal of certain class

Motivation is….

An inner impulse that determines what people do and the energy and enthusiasm with which they do it

(WHO,1992, On Being in Charge)

the motivational process gibson ivancevich donnelly 1994
The Motivational Process(Gibson, Ivancevich, Donnelly, 1994)

Need Deficiences

Search for ways to

Satisfy needs

Need deficinecies reassessed

By the employee

The

Employee

Reward or Punishments

Goal directed Behaviour

Performance

(Evaluation of goal

Accomplished)

a hierarchy of work motivation 5 stages original version maslow
A Hierarchy of Work Motivation(5 stages Original Version, Maslow)

Self Actualization

Needs

Personal growth

Realization of potential

Esteem Needs

Status Symbols,reputation

Belongingness & Love Needs

Relationship, work grooup

Safety Needs

Protection, security, law

Biological & Physiological Needs

Food, shelter,sex, sleep

alderfer s erg theory luthans 9 th 2002
Alderfer’s ERG Theory (Luthans 9th, 2002)
  • Existence needs : Kebutuhan yang berhubungandenganeksistensipegawai (Makan, minum, pakaian, gaji, keamanankerja)
  • Relatedness needs : Kebutuhan interpersonal yaitukepuasanberinteraksi
  • Growth needs : Kebutuhanuntukmengembangkandiri
mcclelland s learned needs theory gibson ivancevich donnelly 1994
McClelland’s Learned needs Theory(Gibson, Ivancevich, Donnelly, 1994)
  • Need for achievement : Kebutuhanuntukberprestasi yang merupakanrefleksidaridoronganakantanggungjawabuntukmemecahkanmasalah
  • Need for affiliation : Kebutuhanuntukberafiliasi yang merupakandoronganuntukberinteraksidenganorang lain
  • Need for Power : Kebutuhanuntukkekuasaan yang merupakanrefleksidaridoronganuntukmencapaiotoritasdanmempengaruhiorang lain
slide50

KOMPENSASI

Finansial

Non Finansial

  • Langsung
  • GajiPokok
  • Upah
  • Gaji

PenghasilanTidakTetap

  • Bonus
  • Insentif
  • Opsisaham

TakLangsung

Program proteksi

Pensiun

Fasilitas

Bayarandiluar jam kerja

Pekerjaan

Tugas yang menarik

Tantangan

Tanggung jawab

Pengakuan

Pencapaian

Lingkungan

Kebijakan yang sehat

Rekan kerja yang mendukung

Supervisi yang kompeten

lingkungan yang nyaman

slide51
Thank You For Your

Kind Attention

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