A comparison study on American and Chinese secondary students’ learning progression for carbon cycling in socio-ecological systems Jing Chen Charles W. Anderson Michigan State University Xinghua Jin Shanghai College of Business 2009 AERA Annual Meeting, San Diego Apr. 16 th , 2009.
A comparison study on American and Chinese secondary students’ learning progression for carbon cycling in socio-ecological systemsJing Chen Charles W. AndersonMichigan State UniversityXinghua JinShanghai College of Business2009 AERA Annual Meeting, San DiegoApr. 16th, 2009
The investigation of American and Chinese students’ understanding of carbon cycle and how their understanding progresses over time is a necessary first step to find out ways to improve science education.
The percentages of middle school students’ responses at each level
The percentages of high school students’ responses at each level
Wright map for Chinese students
Wright map for American students
The step difficulties from level 3 to level 4 are lower for Chinese students.
Step difficulties from level 1 to 2 are lower for Chinese students.
--For some items, the step difficulties and overall item difficulty of the same item are different for these two groups.