Integrating Environmental and Social Data -. mechanisms for meeting challenges to providing access to scientific data.
mechanisms for meeting challenges to providing access to scientific data
Workshop on Strategies for Permanent Access to Scientific Information in Latin America: Focus on Health and Environmental Information for Sustainable DevelopmentAtibaia, SP, Brazil
Marjorie McGuirkNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climatic Data Center Asheville, North Carolina, USA
As a global Earth Observation System revolutionizes our understanding of the Earth and how it works, the challenge is to connect the scientific dots; build a system of systems that will yield the science on which sound policy must be built, for the benefit of society everywhere.
Group on Earth Observations System of Systems – GEOSS
What are the current challenges and barriers to providing open and permanent access to scientific data and information?
Example Problem:Coastal Inundation & Erosion involves environmental and social data systems
GEO Architecture Subgroup
GEO Capacity Building Subgroup
GEO Data Utilization Subgroup
GEO User Requirements Subgroup
GEO International Cooperation Subgroup
Global Earth Observation Integrated Data Environment
(GEO-IDE) A key mechanism for providing access to scientific data and information
Based upon standards
Data (e.g. CF, FGDC, SO, SQL)
Access (e.g., OGC, http)
Transport (OPeNDAP, HTTP, FTP)
Metadata standards (ISO 19115 with remote sensing extensions)
Standard formats for delivery of data products (WMO, NetCDF, HDF, GeoTIF, JPEG)
Based on “Web Services”
Environmental data – terrain, rainfall and river level integrated and displayed graphically with social data – roads, buildings, infrastructure, population – allows scenario generation, communication of potential hazards (as in the flood example here).
Existing Model –Storms and Population example
Areas with 4 inches of rain impacted
908,155 House Units
NOAA & the Uruguayan Meteorological Service enter cooperative project on data rescue.The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) donated digital equipment used for the project.
Images received from the Uruguayan Meteorological Service and the Uruguayan Navy Include: 42,000 + images through February 2006
This includes 6 synoptic stations with observations early as the 1930’s and as recent as early 2004.
NCDC is developing a keying format and keying should begin by Summer 2006.
Total imaging/keying for this multi-year project involves data from over 30+ stations totaling nearly 1,000,000 records
Identify one or more potential cooperative activities in Latin America for subsequent discussion for providing access to scientific data and information
Ulisses E.C. Confalonieri, MD; DVM; DSc
NOAA's GOES-10 satellite repositioned over South America
Potential Additional Activity
Shared development of Satellite Data Products –- using Earth observations and strengthening data networks advances GEOSS partnerships with countries and scientific organizations in the Western Hemisphere, including Argentina, Brazil, Belize, Canada, Chile, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay and the United States
Gilberto Câmara, Ph.D., director of Brazil's National Space Research Institute (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais). Retired Navy Vice Admiral Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Ph.D., undersecretary of commerce for oceans and atmosphere and NOAA administrator
Physical Science & Socioeconomic Research
Risk Reduction Research
Monitor and Predict
Make Decisions & Take Action
Potential Additional ActivitiesA National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS)
(Criar um sistema de alerta para secas)
NIDIS an early opportunity for USGEO (http://usgeo.gov/)
Involves documents from over 14 countries in Africa, 8 in Asia, 6 in Europe, 10 in North America, 1 Pacific Island and 8 in South America.
Important societal issues often require:
Data/Observations from a variety of observing systems
Management of these data
Analysis of these data
XIV Brazilian Meteorological Congress 27 November 2006, John J Bates, NOAA