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Unit 2 Quiz Review. Nov 2013. Topics. 6 Main Nutrients -types of carbohydrates, fat, protein with examples - food guide food groups How the MACRO-nutrients match up with the food guide. Approximate Question Types:. Multiple Choice (10 marks) Short Answer/Application (8 marks)

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topics
Topics

6 Main Nutrients

  • -types of carbohydrates, fat, protein
  • with examples

-food guide

  • food groups
  • How the MACRO-nutrients match up with the food guide
approximate question types
Approximate Question Types:
  • Multiple Choice (10 marks)
  • Short Answer/Application (8 marks)
  • Total = 18 marks
the 6 main nutrients

THE 6 MAIN NUTRIENTS

carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals & water

what nutrient does this
What nutrient does this?
  • Promote healthy skin/normal cell growth, reserve supply of energy, cushion vital organs & carry vitamins A,D,E & K to where they are needed
slide6
Fats
  • Promote healthy skin/normal cell growth, reserve supply of energy, cushion vital organs & carry vitamins A,D,E & K to where they are needed
slide8
FATS

4 Types of Fat

Saturated Fat

Polyunsaturated Fat

Monounsaturated Fat

Transfat

bad fats
BAD FATS

BAD Fat

Saturated Fat = raises the level of LDL e.g., meat, poultry skin, whole dairy products, coconut oil

good fats
GOOD FATS

GOOD FAT

Polyunsaturated Fat = lowers the level of LDL e.g., veggie oil, corn oil, soybean oil

Monounsaturated Fat = lowers the level of LDL & raises the level of HDL e.g., olives, olive oil, avocados, peanuts, canola oil

which of the following is a good fat
Which of the following is a GOOD fat?
  • A) poultry skin
  • B) milk
  • C) olive oil
  • D) pork chop
what is an example of invisible fat
What is an example of invisible fat?
  • A) Milk
  • B) Cheese
  • C) Avocado
  • D) Egg
  • E) all the above
what is an example of visible fat1
What is an example of visible fat?
  • Fat on Meat
  • It\'s white and you can see it!!
  • Chicken skin
complex carbohydrates
Complex CARBOHYDRATES

starches like potatoes & grain products

dietary fibre = non-digestible plant sources like fruits & veggies

*Soluble Fibre *Insoluble Fibre

- dissolves in water - doesn’t dissolve in water

- increases thickness of - absorbs water like a sponge, stomach contents helps large intestine digest food

- fruits, veggies, legumes, oats - fruit & veggie skins, whole wheat/bran

simple carbohydrates
Simple Carbohydrates
  • Come from what?
  • S_______
  • What are some examples?
simple carbohydrates1
Simple Carbohydrates

sugars which contain nutrients

like fructose [from fruits],

maltose [from grains products],

lactose [from milk products]

sugars which contain no nutrients

like sucrose [refined sugar from plants like sugar cane]

what nutrient
What nutrient?
  • Helps the body grow/repair itself, regulate bodily processes & act as a source of energy
protein
Protein
  • Help the body grow/repair itself, regulate bodily processes & act as a source of energy
proteins
PROTEINS

Can only do their jobs in conjunction with carbohydrates & fats

Found in animal & plant sources;

*Animal *Plant

- meat, fish, poultry, eggs - legumes, peanuts, grains

complete proteins
COMPLETE PROTEINS

Complete Proteins = supply the body with all 9 essential amino acids e.g., meat, fish, poultry, eggs & soy products

incomplete proteins
INCOMPLETE PROTEINS

Incomplete Proteins = contain 8 or less essential amino acids e.g., legumes, peanuts, grains

The body makes 22 of the 31 amino acids, the body needs to get the other 9 from food sources

what are micronutrients1
What are micronutrients?
  • Break down the word
  • Micro + nutrients
  • Micro means small
micronutrients
Micronutrients
  • Vitamins & Minerals
  • The body needs these in small amounts
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