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Unit 2 Quiz Review. Nov 2013. Topics. 6 Main Nutrients -types of carbohydrates, fat, protein with examples - food guide food groups How the MACRO-nutrients match up with the food guide. Approximate Question Types:. Multiple Choice (10 marks) Short Answer/Application (8 marks)

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Unit 2 quiz review

Unit 2 Quiz Review

Nov 2013


Topics
Topics

6 Main Nutrients

  • -types of carbohydrates, fat, protein

  • with examples

    -food guide

  • food groups

  • How the MACRO-nutrients match up with the food guide


Approximate question types
Approximate Question Types:

  • Multiple Choice (10 marks)

  • Short Answer/Application (8 marks)

  • Total = 18 marks


The 6 main nutrients

THE 6 MAIN NUTRIENTS

carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals & water


What nutrient does this
What nutrient does this?

  • Promote healthy skin/normal cell growth, reserve supply of energy, cushion vital organs & carry vitamins A,D,E & K to where they are needed


Fats

  • Promote healthy skin/normal cell growth, reserve supply of energy, cushion vital organs & carry vitamins A,D,E & K to where they are needed



FATS

4 Types of Fat

Saturated Fat

Polyunsaturated Fat

Monounsaturated Fat

Transfat


Where do most bad fats come from
Where do most BAD fats come from?

  • A) plants

  • B) animals



Bad fats
BAD FATS

BAD Fat

Saturated Fat = raises the level of LDL e.g., meat, poultry skin, whole dairy products, coconut oil




Good fats
GOOD FATS

GOOD FAT

Polyunsaturated Fat = lowers the level of LDL e.g., veggie oil, corn oil, soybean oil

Monounsaturated Fat = lowers the level of LDL & raises the level of HDL e.g., olives, olive oil, avocados, peanuts, canola oil


Which of the following is a good fat
Which of the following is a GOOD fat?

  • A) poultry skin

  • B) milk

  • C) olive oil

  • D) pork chop




What is an example of invisible fat
What is an example of invisible fat?

  • A) Milk

  • B) Cheese

  • C) Avocado

  • D) Egg

  • E) all the above



What is an example of visible fat1
What is an example of visible fat?

  • Fat on Meat

  • It's white and you can see it!!

  • Chicken skin



Carbohydrates the body s main source of energy
CARBOHYDRATESThe body’s main source of energy




Complex carbohydrates
Complex CARBOHYDRATES

starches like potatoes & grain products

dietary fibre = non-digestible plant sources like fruits & veggies

*Soluble Fibre *Insoluble Fibre

- dissolves in water - doesn’t dissolve in water

- increases thickness of - absorbs water like a sponge, stomach contents helps large intestine digest food

- fruits, veggies, legumes, oats - fruit & veggie skins, whole wheat/bran


Simple carbohydrates
Simple Carbohydrates

  • Come from what?

  • S_______

  • What are some examples?


Simple carbohydrates1
Simple Carbohydrates

sugars which contain nutrients

like fructose [from fruits],

maltose [from grains products],

lactose [from milk products]

sugars which contain no nutrients

like sucrose [refined sugar from plants like sugar cane]


What nutrient
What nutrient?

  • Helps the body grow/repair itself, regulate bodily processes & act as a source of energy


Protein
Protein

  • Help the body grow/repair itself, regulate bodily processes & act as a source of energy


Proteins
PROTEINS

Can only do their jobs in conjunction with carbohydrates & fats

Found in animal & plant sources;

*Animal *Plant

- meat, fish, poultry, eggs - legumes, peanuts, grains






Complete proteins
COMPLETE PROTEINS

Complete Proteins = supply the body with all 9 essential amino acids e.g., meat, fish, poultry, eggs & soy products


Incomplete proteins
INCOMPLETE PROTEINS

Incomplete Proteins = contain 8 or less essential amino acids e.g., legumes, peanuts, grains

The body makes 22 of the 31 amino acids, the body needs to get the other 9 from food sources



What are micronutrients1
What are micronutrients?

  • Break down the word

  • Micro + nutrients

  • Micro means small


Micronutrients
Micronutrients

  • Vitamins & Minerals

  • The body needs these in small amounts


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