Substance abuse in the workplace and how it’s identified. Immediate Past President The Substance Abuse Program Administrators Association. Jeff Sims, C-SAPA, C-SI. How did we get to this point?.
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Immediate Past PresidentThe Substance Abuse Program Administrators Association
Jeff Sims, C-SAPA, C-SI
Data provided by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, (2007). Results from the 2006 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings (Office of Applied Studies, NSDUH Series H-32, DHHS Publication No. SMA 07-4293). Rockville, MD.
Substance abusers are:
80% of those injured in “serious”
drug-related accidents at work
are not the drug abusing employees…
but innocent co-workers
Return On Investment
How much does s/a cost per drug user?
How many drug users do you have?
How many employees do you have?
Do the Math!
250 x 5% =13
13 x $7,000 =$91,000
300 (drug tests/year) x $45 (cost per test)
=$ 77,500 SAVINGS!
A comprehensive drug-free workplace program includes:
The primary drugs of abuse
Watch For These Signs
Use documentation to outline job performance issues
After any confrontation, a referral system is needed
The brains pleasure centers
Drug:Marijuana, Hashish, Hashish Oil
Administration:Smoked or swallowed
Detection time in urine: _______?
In 2001, over 12 million Americans age 12 and older used marijuana at least once in the month prior to being surveyed. That is more than three quarters (76 percent) of the total number of Americans who used any illicit drug in the past month in 2001. Of the 76 percent, more than half (56 percent) consumed only marijuana; 20 percent used marijuana and another illicit drug; and the remaining 24 percent used an illicit drug or drugs other than marijuana(1).Although marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States, among students in the 8th, 10th, and 12th grades nationwide its use remained stable from 1999 through 2001(2). Among 8th graders, however, past year use has decreased, from 18.3 percent in 1996 to 15.4 percent in 2001. Also in 2001, more than half (57.4 percent) of 12th graders believed it was harmful to smoke marijuana regularly and 79.3 percent disapproved of regular marijuana use. Since 1975, 83 percent to 90 percent of every 12th grade class surveyed has found it "fairly easy" or "very easy" to obtain marijuana(3).Data for drug-related hospital emergency department visits in the continental United States recently showed a 15 percent increase in the number of visits to an emergency room that were induced by or related to the use of marijuana from 96,426 in 2000 to 110,512 in 2001. The 12 to 34 age range was involved most frequently in these mentions. For emergency room patients in the 12 to 17 age range, the rate of marijuana mentions increased 23 percent between 1999 and 2001 (from 55 to 68 per 100,000 population) and 126 percent (from 30 to 68 per 100,000 population) since 1994(4).
Sponsored by a’ TEST consultants, inc., and funded by the U.S. Small Business Administration – Paul D. Coverdell Drug-Free Workplace Program
Classification:Stimulant, local anesthetic
Administration:Snorted, injected, smoked
Appearance:White crystalline powder, bitter numbing taste, odorless, from coca plant leaves
Clinical Effects:Euphoria, motor and verbal hyperactivity, mood swings, inflated self-esteem
Detection Time in Urine:2-4 days
Length of a rush
Drugs:Morphine, Heroin, Codeine, Oxycodone Hydromorphone
Administration:Swallowed, smoked or injected
Appearance:White, brown, or black powder, injectable liquids, tablets, capsules (various sizes and colors)
Detection Time in Urine:3 daysOPIATES
Administration:Smoked, swallowed, or injected
Appearance:Pills, capsules, powders
Detection Time in Urine:2 days or 8 days in severe overdose
Classification:CNS stimulant (speed)
Administration:Swallowed, injected, smoked
Appearance:Powders, crystals, capsules, tablets
Detection Time in Urine:24 - 48 hours
Administration:Wine, beer, liquor
Appearance:Liquid, several colors
Detection in Urine:Generally 1 ounce of alcohol is eliminated per hour
Note: Urine alcohol testing cannot withstand a court challenge