Implementing pre harvest food safety the u s approach
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Implementing Pre-Harvest Food Safety--The U.S. Approach. By Thomas J. Billy, Administrator Food Safety and Inspection Service U.S. Department of Agriculture. Challenges to Pre-Harvest Food Safety. Limited information on effective practices National governments have limited authority

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Implementing Pre-Harvest Food Safety--The U.S. Approach

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Implementing pre harvest food safety the u s approach

Implementing Pre-Harvest Food Safety--The U.S. Approach

By Thomas J. Billy, Administrator

Food Safety and Inspection Service

U.S. Department of Agriculture


Challenges to pre harvest food safety

Challenges to Pre-Harvest Food Safety

  • Limited information on effective practices

  • National governments have limited authority

  • Numerous variables exist, such as farm practices, animal health, and the environment


U s farm to table strategy

U.S. Farm-to-Table Strategy

“Those in control of each segment must bear the responsibility for identifying and preventing or reducing food safety hazards.”


Pathogen reduction haccp rule

Pathogen Reduction/HACCP Rule

  • Cornerstone of strategy

  • HACCP, performance standards for Salmonella, testing for generic E. coli, sanitation SOP’s

  • Ripple effect to pre-harvest level

  • Results: reduced Salmonella on products; reduced human illnesses


Factors driving pre harvest change

Factors Driving Pre-harvest Change

  • Regulatory requirements

    • HACCP rule

    • E. coli O157:H7

    • FDA feed ban

  • Marketplace demands

    • McDonald’s Corp.

  • Consumers


Third party certification programs

Third-Party Certification Programs

  • Demand growing, e.g. MinnCERT

  • Assure purchasers that certain practices have been followed

  • Non-Hormone Treated Cattle Program


Fsis pre harvest strategy

FSIS Pre-Harvest Strategy

  • No regulatory authority at pre-harvest

  • Educate producers

  • Research

  • Farm-to-table risk assessments

  • One size doesn’t fit all

  • Transparency critical


Educating producers

Educating Producers

  • Use existing infrastructure to communicate

  • Partnerships with state animal health agencies

  • Commodity-specific programs such as Trichina-safe pork certification

  • Guidelines for producers

  • Producer organizations play role


Research

Research

  • More research needed to identify specific practices to reduce hazards

  • Multiple intervention strategies needed

  • Promising interventions include competitive exclusion, feed and water additives

  • Decoded genome for E. coli O157:H7 may lead to a vaccine


Farm to table risk assessments

Farm-to-Table Risk Assessments

  • Salmonella Enteritidis

    • Led to Egg Safety Action Plan

    • Farm-to-table interventions being implemented by various agencies

  • FSIS Risk Assessment Center


Future plans

Future Plans

  • Build on current activities

  • Increased role for veterinarians at pre-harvest level

    • education

    • disease traceback

    • residue avoidance


Recommendations

Recommendations

  • New requirements for meat and poultry plants should have a ripple effect on production sector

  • Partnerships critical

  • Science, through risk assessment, is key to developing effective risk reduction strategies


Implementing pre harvest food safety the u s approach

Goal“We must bring producers into the food safety business in order for the farm-to-table chain to stay connected and be effective.”


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