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Implementing Pre-Harvest Food Safety--The U.S. Approach. By Thomas J. Billy, Administrator Food Safety and Inspection Service U.S. Department of Agriculture. Challenges to Pre-Harvest Food Safety. Limited information on effective practices National governments have limited authority

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implementing pre harvest food safety the u s approach

Implementing Pre-Harvest Food Safety--The U.S. Approach

By Thomas J. Billy, Administrator

Food Safety and Inspection Service

U.S. Department of Agriculture

challenges to pre harvest food safety
Challenges to Pre-Harvest Food Safety
  • Limited information on effective practices
  • National governments have limited authority
  • Numerous variables exist, such as farm practices, animal health, and the environment
u s farm to table strategy

U.S. Farm-to-Table Strategy

“Those in control of each segment must bear the responsibility for identifying and preventing or reducing food safety hazards.”

pathogen reduction haccp rule
Pathogen Reduction/HACCP Rule
  • Cornerstone of strategy
  • HACCP, performance standards for Salmonella, testing for generic E. coli, sanitation SOP’s
  • Ripple effect to pre-harvest level
  • Results: reduced Salmonella on products; reduced human illnesses
factors driving pre harvest change
Factors Driving Pre-harvest Change
  • Regulatory requirements
    • HACCP rule
    • E. coli O157:H7
    • FDA feed ban
  • Marketplace demands
    • McDonald’s Corp.
  • Consumers
third party certification programs
Third-Party Certification Programs
  • Demand growing, e.g. MinnCERT
  • Assure purchasers that certain practices have been followed
  • Non-Hormone Treated Cattle Program
fsis pre harvest strategy
FSIS Pre-Harvest Strategy
  • No regulatory authority at pre-harvest
  • Educate producers
  • Research
  • Farm-to-table risk assessments
  • One size doesn’t fit all
  • Transparency critical
educating producers
Educating Producers
  • Use existing infrastructure to communicate
  • Partnerships with state animal health agencies
  • Commodity-specific programs such as Trichina-safe pork certification
  • Guidelines for producers
  • Producer organizations play role
research
Research
  • More research needed to identify specific practices to reduce hazards
  • Multiple intervention strategies needed
  • Promising interventions include competitive exclusion, feed and water additives
  • Decoded genome for E. coli O157:H7 may lead to a vaccine
farm to table risk assessments
Farm-to-Table Risk Assessments
  • Salmonella Enteritidis
    • Led to Egg Safety Action Plan
    • Farm-to-table interventions being implemented by various agencies
  • FSIS Risk Assessment Center
future plans
Future Plans
  • Build on current activities
  • Increased role for veterinarians at pre-harvest level
    • education
    • disease traceback
    • residue avoidance
recommendations
Recommendations
  • New requirements for meat and poultry plants should have a ripple effect on production sector
  • Partnerships critical
  • Science, through risk assessment, is key to developing effective risk reduction strategies
slide13

Goal“We must bring producers into the food safety business in order for the farm-to-table chain to stay connected and be effective.”

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