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If you don’t hear any sound turn on your speakers. Then click to start. China Rising. A Personal Perspective From Frank O’Hara. Click to continue. Where I volunteered. Click to continue. Click to continue. Volunteered in Xi’an 1999, 2001, 2003. 5000 km wide. Comparison :

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If you don’t hear any sound

turn on your speakers

Then click to start


China rising

China Rising

A Personal Perspective

From

Frank O’Hara

Click to continue


Where i volunteered
Where I volunteered

Click to continue


Click to continue

Volunteered in Xi’an 1999, 2001, 2003

5000 km wide

Comparison:

Halifax to Vancouver

6119 km


Dynasties
Dynasties

ANCIENT

  • Earliest c 2652-2000 BC

  • Xia Kingdom 2000-1520 BC

  • Shang Kingdom 1520-1027 BC

  • Western Zhou 1027-771 BC

  • Eastern Zhou 771-221 BC

    IMPERIAL

  • Qin Dynasty 221–206 BC

  • Han Dynasty 206 BC–220 AD 

  • Western HanXin DynastyEastern HanThree Kingdoms 220–280 

  • Wei, Shu & WuJin Dynasty 265–420 

  • Western JinEastern Jin16 Kingdoms304–439

  • Southern & Northern Dynasties 420–589

  • Sui Dynasty 581–619

  • Tang Dynasty 618–690

  • Second Zhou 690–705

  • Tang Dynasty 705–907 (resumed)

  • 5 Dynasties & 10 Kingdoms 907–960

  • Liao Dynasty907–1125

  • Song Dynasty960–1279

  • Northern SongW. Xia Dyn.Southern SongJin Dyn.Yuan Dynasty 1271–1368

  • Ming Dynasty 1368–1644

  • Qing Dynasty 1644–1911

    MODERN

  • Republic of China 1912–1949

  • People's Republic of China 1949–present


Early inventions

Silk spinning - 2850

High temperature clay firing - 2nd millennium

Decimal place value - 13th century

Embroidery – 10th century

Mouth organ - 9th century

Fumigation - 7th century

Cast iron - 5th century

Cross bow - 5th century

Metal plough – 5th century

Acupuncture - 580

Kites - 4th century

Blast furnace - 3rd century

Maps, topographical - 3rd century

Anti-malarial drugs - 3rd century

Harness, horse breast - 250

Tea as a drink - 2nd century

Steel - 2nd century

Ball bearings - 2nd century

Wheel barrow - 30

Seawalls - 80

Axial rudder - 1st century

Paper - 105

Noodles - 100

Coal as fuel - 1st century

Abacus - 190

Stirrup - 300

Wheel barrow - 200

Fishing reel - 3rd century

Porcelain - 550

Suspension bridge - 6th century

Printing, wood blocks - 7th century

Stars, proper motion of - 725

Leeboards & Centreboards - 751

Grafting - 806

Printed book - 868

Chinese chess - 900

Coinage 9th century

Gunpowder – 9th century

Playing cards – 1000

Magnetic compass (navigation) - 1111

Small pox inoculation – 10th century

Paper money - 9th century

Pearls, artificial induction - 1086

Pasteurized wine - 1117

Printing, bronze type - 1403

Early inventions

Before Common Era

Common Era

Why did it

stop at 1500?


Chinese explorations please click
Chinese explorations …(please click)

  • The Yuan dynasty, 1271-1368, commissioned a navy and founded trading posts in Sumatra, Ceylon, India, and later in Arabia and Africa

  • In 1525 the emperor ordered the destruction of the navy, on the basis that the Middle Kingdom had everything it needed.

  • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/sultan/explorers.html


10 annual gdp growth how do they do it please click
10% annual GDP growth How do they do it? …(please click)

  • Combination of autocracy & free enterprise

  • Planning, not laissez-faire (pre-build infrastructure)

  • Industrious, business-like (punctual) people

  • A tradition of merit-based scholarship

  • Government actively supports entrepreneurs

  • Innovation


Development zones please click
Development zones …(please click)

  • Adjacent to the 17 largest cities

  • 3 kinds at each city – Hi-tech, Agriculture, Manufacturing

  • Up-to-date facilities (e.g. broadband, foreign architects)

  • Angel financing

  • Training for budding entrepreneurs

  • Secondary financing (launching the enterprise)



Some facts please click
Some facts …(please click)

  • China graduates @ 600,000 engineers annually versus USA 70,000

  • 100,000 Chinese are studying abroad at their own expense, (103 countries, primarily United States, Britain and Japan) 2,000/year sponsored by the Chinese government

  • Annually 2,500 Chinese students earn their PhDs in the USA

  • A Comparison: U.S. National Debt $9.5 trillion and growing Chinese reserves $1.3 trillion, also growing

  • The One-child Policy

    • Fully imposed on 35.9% of the population - city dwellers

    • 52.9% (mostly rural) allowed 2nd child if first is female

    • 11% (ethnic minorities) have no limit

    • Enforced with fines and penalties (limited advancement/schooling)

    • Marriage age delayed (25 for women, 26 for men)

    • Projected 30 million excess marriage-age men by 2020


More facts please click
More facts …(please click)

  • GDP: $3.42 trillion

  • GDP per capita: $2,631 (versus Canada’s $36,000)

  • Poverty (defined as less than $1/day) declined from 64% to 10% over the past 25 years.

  • Famine of 1959, 60, 61 – as many as 30 million died Approximately 5% of the population of @ 660 million

  • 1976 Tangshan earthquake – of 1 million population 250,000 died

  • Only 14.86% of the land is arable


Yet more facts please click
Yet more facts …(please click)

  • The world’s 3rd largest country

  • 4 time zones but treated as one (Beijing)

  • Surpassed S. Africa as the world’s largest gold producer

  • Military service: Two years selective compulsory 18-22 years of age

  • 30 million people migrate to the cities each year

  • Population 1.3 billion (20% of the world)

    • 540 million in 1950; doubled by 1980s, when 1-child policy instituted

    • Stable fertility rate is 2.1 – actually only 1.7 for China

    • Population expected to peak at 1.45 billion in 2030 before reducing to 1.28 billion by 2050


China s population 1950 to 2050
China’s population: 1950 to 2050

Male

Female

China

1950 - 540 million

2050 – 1.28 billion

India

1950 - 357.5 million

2050 - 1.6 billion


Something to ponder
Something to ponder…

World’s population growth (millions)17501800185019001950199920502150791 978 1262 1650 2521 5978 8909 9746


3 gorges dam
3 Gorges Dam

  • 12 times the power output of Niagara Falls

  • Designed to provide 10% of China’s needs

  • But increased demand – actually only 3%.


Concerns please click
Concerns? …(please click)

  • Will China try to buy control of the West?

  • Will they control Greenhouse Gases?

  • Falun Gong

  • 87,000 civil disturbances in 2005

  • Each week China opens 34 gas stations and puts 1000 more cars on the road

  • 570 more coal plants to be added by 2012

  • Army – Active: 2,250,000, Reserve: 800,000


Canada: $18 billion


Canadian advantages opportunities
Canadian advantages/opportunities

  • Dr. Norman Bethune - a hero

  • Dr. Macklin - 1st Western hospital, 1886

  • 1970, Canada led the world to recognize China, 2 years ahead of President Nixon's visit

  • Our secular society (with 1.5 million Chinese)

  • Our natural resources

  • Canadian investments (Bombardier, Nortel, mining companies)

  • Wheat for famine victims 1959, 60, 61




Frank

Ou Fulai

Fortune Comes

Marion

Lei Moli

Jasmine Blossom



A co incidence
A co-incidence!?

Buddha: @ 563-483 BC

Confucius: 551-479 BC

Socrates: 469-399 BC


The end

Ou Fulai

Fortune Comes

The End

but not for China… only the beginning

For more on Frank O’Hara’s adventures go to www.ohara.com

Click twice to end


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