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Hearing is one of the five human senses. Hearing | S ight | Smell | Taste | T ouch. How We Hear. We use our ears to hear sounds. Sounds travel through the air and our ears as sound waves. How We Hear. Sound waves are collected by the outer part of the ear, called the pinna .

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Hearing is one of the five human senses hearing s ight smell taste t ouch l.jpg

Hearing is one of the five human senses.

Hearing | Sight | Smell | Taste | Touch


How we hear l.jpg

How We Hear

We use our ears to hear sounds.

Sounds travel through the air and our ears as sound waves.


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How We Hear

Sound waves are collected by the outer part of the ear, called the pinna.

The pinna is the only part of the ear that you can see with your eye.


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How We Hear

After the sound waves are collected by the pinna they are sent through the ear canal before reaching the ear drum.

When the sound waves hit the ear drum, it vibrates.


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How We Hear

The vibrations from the ear drum make three small bones in the ear vibrate.

The hammer

The anvil

The stirrup

Those three bones together are called the ossicles.

stirrup

anvil

hammer


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How We Hear

The vibration of the ossicles transfer the sound waves to the inner ear.

The inner ear has two parts, the cochlea and the semicircular canals.

The semicircular canals. help you determine movement and to stay balanced.

semicircular canals

cochlea


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How We Hear

As the sound waves pass through the cochlea, they cause microscopic hair cells to vibrate.

These hair cells, called cilia, are linked to the auditory nerve. When the cilia vibrate they send an electric impulse signal to the brain.

When the signal reaches the brain, we hear!

auditory nerve

cochlea

Cilia

From David J. Lim. Functional Structure of the Organ of Corti: A Review. Hearing Research, 22 (1986) 117-146


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How We Hear

As the sound waves pass through the cochlea, they cause microscopic hair cells to vibrate.

These hair cells, called cilia, are linked to the auditory nerve. When the cilia vibrate they send an electric impulse signal to our brain.

When the signal reaches the brain, we hear!

auditory nerve

cochlea

Cilia

From David J. Lim. Functional Structure of the Organ of Corti: A Review. Hearing Research, 22 (1986) 117-146



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When we are exposed to noises that are too loud, our tiny hair cells in the cochlea vibrate too hard.

The vibrations cause them to break and bend.

NIHL (Noise-Induced Hearing Loss) Hearing loss as a result of prolonged or sudden exposure to loud noise.

From David J. Lim. Functional Structure of the Organ of Corti: A Review. Hearing Research, 22 (1986) 117-146 Elsevier


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NIHL hair cells in the cochlea vibrate too hard.

Once our microscopic hair cells bend and break, they will never be straight again.

There is no surgery to fix the hair cells, once they are damaged they will never work properly again. 

To treat NIHL visit an audiologist.

From David J. Lim. Functional Structure of the Organ of Corti: A Review. Hearing Research, 22 (1986) 117-146 Elsevier


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An audiologist is the person you visit to hair cells in the cochlea vibrate too hard.

have your ears checked.

He or she will look inside your ears to make sure everything looks alright

He or she will do a hearing test to make sure you are hearing everything alright.

If the audiologist finds that you have hearing loss, he or she will

work with you to select and fit hearing aids so you can hear again.

Audiologist


30 db whisper 60 db normal conversation or a dishwasher 70 db a vacuum cleaner 80 db alarm clock l.jpg

30 dB Whisper hair cells in the cochlea vibrate too hard.

60 dB Normal conversation or a dishwasher

70 dB A vacuum Cleaner

80 dB Alarm Clock

Noise levels or loudness are measured in decibels (dB).

Any loud noise over 85dB is considered loud enough to cause NIHL.

  • 90 dB A hair dryer, or lawn mower

  • 100 dB MP3 players at full volume

  • 110 dB Concerts and sporting events

  • 130 dB Ambulance


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Levels of Noise chart. hair cells in the cochlea vibrate too hard.


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3 Ways to Protect hair cells in the cochlea vibrate too hard.Your Hearing


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Walk Away hair cells in the cochlea vibrate too hard.

  • If the noise around you is too loud, walk away.

  • Moving back 10 or 15 feet from the noise can make the noise going into your ears less loud.

  • If you are in a noisy place, make sure you only stay for 30 minutes, if you are not wearing any ear protection.


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Turn It Down hair cells in the cochlea vibrate too hard.

  • When TVs, car stereos, and MP3 players are turned up too loud, the noise can hurt your ears.

  • Turn down the volume to protect your ears.

    • Keep the volume at 50%.

    • When listening to anything with ear buds or ear phones, if someone next to you can hear what you are hearing,

      the volume is probably too loud.


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Wear Ear Protection hair cells in the cochlea vibrate too hard.

  • If you know you are going to be in a loud area with noise over 85 dB, wear ear protection.

    • Earplugs

    • Custom (made to fit your ear) earplugs

    • See an audiologist for these, similar to what musicians and pilots wear.


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If you think you or someone hair cells in the cochlea vibrate too hard.you know might have a hearing problem, tell your parents to go online to www.HowsYourHearing.orgto find an audiologist near you.Questions???


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