Figurative language
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Figurative Language. Recognizing Figurative Language. “I walked into class this morning.” . “I sauntered gracefully down the hall—a bird flittering above the chaos of my classmates—and was the first to be seated in the classroom: ready to start the day.” . What’s the Difference?.

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Figurative Language

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Figurative language

Figurative Language


Recognizing figurative language

Recognizing Figurative Language

“I walked into class this morning.”

“I sauntered gracefully down the hall—a bird flittering above the chaos of my classmates—and was the first to be seated in the classroom: ready to start the day.”


What s the difference

What’s the Difference?

  • “I walked into class this morning.”

  • “I sauntered gracefully down the hall—a bird flittering above the chaos of my classmates—and was the first to be seated in the classroom: ready to start the day.”

  • Write down what you notice. Be ready to share.


Figurative vs literal

Figurative VS. Literal

  • Literal language:It is plain fact. It means only and exactly what it says.

  • Figurative language: It is used to compare or represent, to enhance and give depth to understanding; it is used to help “paint a picture” in the reader or listener’s mind.

    • Figurative language means there is more than what’s on the surface.

      *Even this is figurative language—What does it really mean?

      (There is a deeper level; a level that is not obvious from the exact words being used.)

    • Figurative language is very common in poetry.


Different kinds of figurative language

Different Kinds of Figurative Language

Simile Metaphor Imagery

Personification Hyperbole

Onomatopoeia Idioms Alliteration


Simile

Simile

  • A comparison of two unlike things, usinglikeor as.

  • My snoopy little sister is as curious as a cat!


Imagery

Imagery

  • Using thoroughly descriptive language that appeals to one or more of the senses (sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell).

  • I walked into the kitchen and was immediately bombarded by the delicious aroma of Italian herbs mixed with the scent of warmed olive oil, and hot yeast: I knew mom was making her famous breadsticks.


Metaphor

Metaphor

  • A comparison that does not use like or as; it implies that one thing is the other.

  • The hungry animal in my hand devoured the blankness of the paper in front of me as I eagerly recorded my story.

  • I wrote my story with excitement.


Personification

Personification

  • Giving human characteristics to non-human entities or objects.

  • My math test stared up at me, almost sneering, as sweat rolled down my anxious back; I knew I should have studied.


Hyperbole

Hyperbole

  • Using exaggeration to create effect.

  • After the long trip, Julia was hungrier than an army of men…who ran out of rations two days ago. None of us wanted to get in her way.


Onomatopoeia

Onomatopoeia

  • A word whose spelling reflects its sound.

Pow!

Crack!

Hm…

Woof!

drip


Idioms

Idioms

  • A group of otherwise unrelated words that, when used together, have taken on a completely new meaning.

  • It creates an image that metaphorically represents a situation or emotion.

  • “I am sure your little sibling has gotten on your nerves before.”


Alliteration

Alliteration

  • Using words close together that begin with the same sound.

  • Stop sticking stubby stamps to my stomach!

st

st

st

st

st


Now what

Now What?

  • Tell me what you know.

    • Write it down (on the sheet I gave you), and remember:

      • Complete thoughts

      • Explanations

      • Be thorough

      • Be specific

      • Examples

      • Put it in your own words


Pictures taken from

Pictures taken from

  • http://awesomestoryworld.blogspot.com/

  • http://www.clipartreview.com/pages/100125-212813-723009.html

  • Others from Google images + clip art


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