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Enterprise Architecture in Defence. Katie de Bourcier Director Information Exploitation 24 th Feb 2009. A non-technical perspective on EA. It’s about Understanding the business Sharing that understanding Seeing how we can do our business better It helps in making decisions about

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enterprise architecture in defence

Enterprise Architecture in Defence

Katie de Bourcier

Director Information Exploitation

24th Feb 2009

a non technical perspective on ea
A non-technical perspective on EA
  • It’s about
    • Understanding the business
    • Sharing that understanding
    • Seeing how we can do our business better
  • It helps in making decisions about
    • Structures
    • Processes
    • Human factors
    • Information solutions
    • Or any other aspect of the organisation or activity
  • It’s a means to an end – does it pass the “so what” test?
defence the challenge
Defence – the Challenge
  • Changing nature of the threat – international terrorism – demands a joined-up response across:
    • The three Services and the MOD Civil Service
    • Government
    • Allies and coalition partners
  • Continuing pressure to improve departmental efficiency and focus resources on the front line
  • Drive to increase departmental effectiveness
    • Capability Review in 2007, re-review currently underway
    • Internal transformation programmes
information is the key
Information is the Key
  • Effective management, assurance and exploitation of information recognised as fundamental to achieving Defence objectives
    • Integrating sensors, decision-makers, and weapons in the battlespace
    • Increasing interoperability nationally and internationally
    • Optimizing the use of resources in a robust operational support structure
    • Improving information-sharing and decision-making in the non-operational environment
    • Ensuring effective performance measurement and a clear audit trail for decisions and actions
  • A new Government Knowledge and Information Management strategy – “Information Matters” – launched November 2008
enterprise architecture in defence5
Enterprise Architecture in Defence
  • EA in Defence has been developing since 2004 –
    • Prompted by the Network Enabled Capability Programme
    • Original focus on equipment acquisition and support domain, with a strong systems engineering focus
    • MODAF developed as the MOD’s architecture framework
  • Recognition that this was not full use of the potential of enterprise architecture to put technical solutions in the context of business objectives, strategy and process
    • Set up programme to promote wider exploitation of EA – pilot projects carried out to test the concept
  • Now seen as key part of future role of the MOD CIO
casualty information management background
Casualty Information Management - Background
  • Pilot project to evaluate EA to address real issue of managing information about operational casualties from the battlefield back to NHS hospitals in the UK
  • Complex:
    • Global
    • Multinational
    • Multiple agencies
    • Multiple stakeholder perspectives (eg clinical, personnel management)
the approach
The Approach
  • Strategic goals and approved doctrine used to model the “As should be” architecture
  • Observation in the field used to derive the “As is” process
  • Analysis used to develop a proposed architecture for improved casualty information management
  • Proposals validated with medical and other stakeholders
casualty tracking pilot study




ISAF RC(South) J3/J4 Med Ops HQ Kandahar

Battle Group HQ

Permanent Joint HQ

MOD Centre / DCMC

Patrol Commander

Combat Medical Team


Welfare Co-ord NSCCC Innsworth


Combined Military / NHS Hospitals (UK)

Medical Emergency Response Team

Role 2 Field Hospital

National HQ RC(South) HQ Kandahar



Selly Oak

AeroMed Evacuation

Medical Care

Rehabilitation Headley Court

Casualty Tracking Pilot Study
outcomes from the pilot
Outcomes from the Pilot
  • Replacement field hospital system developed and rolled out quickly (47 days) – continuity from outgoing system
  • Required architectures (business process and technical solution) must be developed in a coherent manner
  • People are critical to the process - wall to wall IT is not always the best solution:
    • Post-it notes on a white board visually more effective than laptops
    • Satellite phones made medical evacuation tasking more effective - allows in-flight reprioritisation
  • Developed by the MOD from US DoDAF - extended and modified to support EA approach to planning and change management in MOD.
  • Provided the template against which NATO Architecture Framework version 3.0 has been developed.
  • Now used by a wide range of government and industry organisations . . .
who uses modaf
Who Uses MODAF ?

UK Ministry of Defence & its suppliers

Thales, BAE Systems, Lockheed Martin, Serco, Boeing, General Dynamics, etc. etc.

Intelligence Services

GCHQ and others

National Air Traffic Control (NATS)

Swedish Armed Forces

Critical National Infrastructure

UK e-borders project

Adapted by NATO to become NAF Rev 3

MODAF has since moved on with the release of v1.2

V1.2 uses the same SOA meta-model elements as NAF