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objectives. Learn anatomical terms Student will identify the various positions on their playdoh man Students will identify the position in the myo therapy exercise Learn various body positions. positions. Semi fowlers: 45 degree angle, knees may be bent Fowlers sitting upright Sims

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objectives

  • Learn anatomical terms

  • Student will identify the various positions on their playdoh man

  • Students will identify the position in the myo therapy exercise

  • Learn various body positions


positions

  • Semi fowlers: 45 degree angle, knees may be bent

  • Fowlers sitting upright

  • Sims

  • Prone supine

  • trendelenburg


Distal and proximal

  • Distal means further from the point of reference.

  • Example: wrist or carpals are distal to the elbow

  • Proximal: close to the point of reference

  • The top of the ulna is proximal to the elbow


  • Lateral means to the outside of the body

  • Example the outer thigh is lateral

  • Medial: the inside or closer to the body

  • Example the inner thigh is medial


Body movements

  • Abduct: to move away from

  • Adduct: to move toward

  • Extend to straighten

  • Flex to bend


Body planes

  • Transverse plane:horizontal plane that divides the body into top and bottom half.

  • Superior and inferior.

  • Superior is above the site and inferior is below.

  • The nose is superior to the mouth.

  • The nose is inferior to the eyes


  • Cranial refers to the head

  • Caudal refers to the sacral area


Coronal plane

  • The frontal or coronal plane divides the body into front and back sections.

  • Body parts in the front plane are called ventral or anterior .

  • The back plane is called dorsal or posterior


Ventral cavities

  • Divided into thoracic and abdominal cavity

  • It is divided by the diaphragm


Abdominal cavity

  • The abdominal cavity is divided into upper and lower area.

  • The upper abdominal cavity contains the stomach, small intestine, most of the large intestine, liver, and gall bladder.

  • Pancreas and spleen.


The lower abdominal cavity

  • Also called the pelvic cavity.

  • Contains the urinary bladder,reproductive organs, and the rest of the large intestines.


Abdominal quadrants

  • The abdomen is divided into quadrants.

  • RUQ

  • LUQ

  • RLQLLQ


Other terms related to the ventral area

  • Right and left hypochondriac area

  • Means directly below the ribs

  • Hypo= below


Epigastric area

  • epi+= above

  • Gastric= stomach

  • Above stomach

  • Hypo gastric= below stomach


Right and left iliac region is the umbilical region.


Find the following locations on your ginger man using a toothpick

  • Distal to the shoulder but proximal to the elbow


  • Lateral to the femur


  • Medial to the humerus


  • Superior to the heart


  • Ventral thigh


  • Dorsal leg


  • Flex the leg


  • Extend the leg


  • Abduct the arm


  • Adduct the arm


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