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INTRODUCTION OF ELECTRONIC TAX REGISTERS IN KENYA TAXPAYER SEMINAR AT KICC - NAIROBI 20 th JANUARY 2005






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INTRODUCTION OF ELECTRONIC TAX REGISTERS IN KENYA TAXPAYER SEMINAR AT KICC - NAIROBI 20 th JANUARY 2005. Introduction and Background. What is Electronic Cash Register - ECR ? What is Electronic Tax Register – ETR ? Other Fiscalised Electronic Devices - FED. Why ETR and FED?
INTRODUCTION OF ELECTRONIC TAX REGISTERS IN KENYA TAXPAYER SEMINAR AT KICC - NAIROBI 20 th JANUARY 2005

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Slide 1

INTRODUCTION OFELECTRONIC TAX REGISTERSIN KENYATAXPAYER SEMINAR AT KICC - NAIROBI20th JANUARY 2005

DO YOU LOVE KENYA?

PROVE IT BY SUPPORTING FISCALISATION

Slide 2

Introduction and Background

  • What is Electronic Cash Register - ECR ?

  • What is Electronic Tax Register – ETR ?

  • Other Fiscalised Electronic Devices - FED.

  • Why ETR and FED?

  • Who should use ETR and FED ?

  • Selection of ETR and FED.

  • Selection of Suppliers.

  • Role of Suppliers.

  • Role of Software Houses.

  • Implementation Plan.

DO YOU LOVE KENYA?

PROVE IT BY SUPPORTING FISCALISATION

Slide 3

What is Electronic Cash Register - ECR ?

  • Electronic Cash Register is a device used by traders to record sales and issue receipts.

  • It also stores information such as sales, stocks, and can also issue reports e.g. daily sales.

  • Electronic Cash Registers have been in use by taxpayers for long.

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PROVE IT BY SUPPORTING FISCALISATION

Slide 4

What is Electronic Tax Register – ETR ?

  • Electronic Tax Register (ETR) is a Cash Register but with Fiscal Memory.

  • Fiscal Memory is a special Read Only Memory built into the cash register to store tax information at the time of sale.

  • ETR can be used as stand alone or configured into a network.

  • ETR has special security features e.g. seal, memory, serial no., special technical specifications etc.

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PROVE IT BY SUPPORTING FISCALISATION

Slide 5

Other Fiscalised Electronic Devices - FED

Fiscalised Printers:

  • This are high Speed Fiscal Printer connected in a computer network to store every sales transaction in its Fiscal Memory while it issues receipts to taxpayers.

Hi Speed Fiscal Printer:

Hastwo RS232 ports for PC online operation and barcode

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PROVE IT BY SUPPORTING FISCALISATION

Slide 6

Electronic Signature Devices -ESD:

  • ESD is used in conjunction with the accounting system

  • For a document to be valid it must bear the electronic signature

  • ESD applies to computer based, printed tax documents issued to a third party

  • The text of the invoice passes through the ESD and is saved

  • ESD performs an algorithm over all signatures Issues a HASH e.g. SHA-1 algorithm to make every transaction virtually unchangeable.

  • Retail fiscal units in the realm of business to business transactions may use ESD for invoices, transport documents etc.

Electronic Signature Device:

ESD has many shapes and its functions have been previously discussed

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Slide 7

SAMPLE TYPES OF DEVICES

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Slide 8

COMPUTER SYSTEMS AND ESDSPECIAL SECURE FISCAL DEVICE FOR RECORD SIGNING(SSFDRS) WITH SECURE HASH ALGORITHM (SHA-1)

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Slide 9

COMPUTER SYSTEMS AND ESD

ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE DEVICE

Request

PC

Signature

“SIGNED” Invoices, Receipts Etc.

PRINTER

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Slide 10

Other Devices

POS Compact Modular System:

Aimed at the software developer who wants to sell a customized POS solution or at the retail equipment dealer who wants a turn-key POS solution with advanced software.

Embedded-PC model is built using

the CPU and comes in a very small shape, contains the AC power supply and hard disk.

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Slide 11

Other Devices

Telecom:

Ethernet and Internet / email enabled cash registers are low cost, stand alone ETRs.

This device may be used by traders with a direct connection to KRA Server to upload their periodical transactions.

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Slide 12

Why ETR and FED?

ETR:

  • Ordinary ECR is prone to falsification.

  • Has a Tax memory that carries information on tax.

  • Tax memory is a programmable read only memory (EPROM or PROM).

  • The tax memory capacity should store data for at least 5 years or 1800 day transactions.

  • Issue fiscal receipts which are easily identifiable for inspection purposes & daily fiscal summary report.

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Slide 13

Who should use ETR and FED ?

  • KRA intends to enforce the use of ETR and FED on EVERY taxpayer.

  • Selection of the device to use depends on the needs of the business.

  • ETR will mainly be used by small scale retailers.

  • ESD and printers are to be used by computerised traders.

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Slide 14

Selection of ETR and FED.

  • There exist various types of ETRs each with its functions.

  • Selection depends on the needs of a trader and each model/machine will be vetted according to the stipulations of the law.

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Slide 15

Selection of Suppliers

  • This exercise involves advertisement through press

  • Submission of request to supply by the suppliers.

  • Inspection of requests and brochures by the technical committee with respect to criterion defined in the ETR Regulation.

  • Pre-qualification of suppliers who meet requirements.

  • Request of sample machines for inspection by technical committee.

  • Approval process by technical committee results in appointment of suppliers who meet ALL requirements set forth.

  • Among salient features the selection committee shall verify are financial standing, technical background, experience in similar undertaking and branch network of the supplier.

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Slide 16

Role of Supplier

  • To work with KRA to ensure that the models they supply fulfill the requirements of the ACT.

  • Ensure continuity of the model by maintaining ceaseless backups.

  • Work with KRA to improve the system through innovation.

  • Work with KRA to identify offenders.

  • Detailed identification of the manufacturer or importer;

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Slide 17

SOFTWARE HOUSES

  • The software developer who wants to sell a customized POS solution in form of Drivers or at the retail equipment software shall be essentially “pointing” or “re-aligning” or “to talk” to the POS systems to save copies of all transaction into fiscal memory.

  • The software shall ensure re-use of some existing POS using ESD or added Fiscal Modules that shall be guided in operations using software drivers created or sourced by Software Houses.

  • Innovation of new technologies.

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Slide 18

ROLE OF KRA STAFF

  • Enforcing issuance of fiscal receipts

  • Educating public

  • Identification and Prosecution of perpetrators

  • Auditing and inspecting functionalities of fiscalised devices

  • Suggesting potential improvements

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Slide 19

ADVANTAGES OF FISCALISATION

  • More jobs for technicians

  • More jobs for the software houses

  • Better control and management of business by traders

  • Shorter audit periods by taxman

  • Less paper work by trader

  • More VAT revenue

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Slide 20

IMPLEMENTATION PLAN

  • This is a long term project where more emphasis should be placed on correct implementation in addition to time limits.

  • KRA is to lead the whole process and has to keep taxpayers informed of the steps to follow.

  • Implementation plan will be publicised.

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Slide 21

Extra requirements by Kenya

  • The ETR stores reconnection reports each time the Fiscal Memory may be disconnected either for service or maliciously. Such is evidence in the court of law. The reconnection reports shall include time/date stamp of the event,

  • The ETR dates are rendered irreversible. This ensures integrity of records so that no room for backdating shall exist,

  • The ETRs shall enforce Password Controls during servicing. The delegation proposed a user password length of six or more characters, supervisor password length of sixteen or more characters both of which must enforce character and digits combination as well as password expiry,

  • The ETR shall kick out a service man after 3 failed login attempts. This is a measure to frustrate hackers

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Slide 22

END

  • THANK YOU ALL -SHUKRANI !

  • Our site ishttp://www.kra.go.ke/

  • 11th Applet button on the left

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