Unit 12 the message behind the smile
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Unit 12 The Message Behind the Smile. Teaching Arrangement. Pre-reading task Background Analyzing the text in detail Exercises. Pre-reading task. How do you feel when someone smiles at you? List three occasions when people smile. Background.

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Unit 12 The Message Behind the Smile

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Unit 12 the message behind the smile

Unit 12 The Message Behind the Smile


Teaching arrangement

Teaching Arrangement

  • Pre-reading task

  • Background

  • Analyzing the text in detail

  • Exercises


Pre reading task

Pre-reading task

  • How do you feel when someone smiles at you?

  • List three occasions when people smile.


Background

Background

  • A typical British "Wry smile": a wry smile is a smile you do when you find a situation slightly amusing because you know more than other people or you can see how ironic it is.

  • Japanese don't show their negative feelings openly. They often give a broad smile to hide their true feelings.


Analyzing the text in detail

Analyzing the text in detail

We all smile-----but can you tell when someone else's smile is the real thing or jus a fake?

  Child psychologists report mat babies start smiling so early in life (often as early as three weeks) that this action is unlikely to have been picked up from parents. Apparently the act of wrinkling up the mouth functions as a vital survival mechanism: by making the baby appear attractive, a smile reduces the chance that it will be abandoned by the mother.


Wrinkle

wrinkle

v.tr.(及物动词)

  • To make wrinkles or a wrinkle in.

  • To draw up into wrinkles; pucker:

    • wrinkled her nose in disdain.

      皱鼻子表示不屑

      v.intr.(不及物动词)

  • To form wrinkles.

    • wrinkle (up)one's forehead

      皱起额头

    • wrinkle with age

      老得皮肤皱起


Mechanism

mechanism

  • A machine or mechanical appliance.

  • The arrangement of connected parts in a machine.

  • A system of parts that operate or interact like those of a machine:

    • the mechanism of the solar system.

      太阳系的机械系统

  • An instrument or a process, physical or mental, by which something is done or comes into being:

    • “The mechanism of oral learning is largely that of continuous repetition”(T.G.E. Powell)

      “口语的学习过程在很大程度上来说就是进行不断的重复”(T.G.E.鲍威尔)

  • Psychology A usually unconscious mental and emotional pattern that dominates behavior in a given situation or environment:

    • a defense mechanism.

      戒备的心理状态


Abandon

abandon

  • To withdraw one's support or help from, especially in spite of duty, allegiance, or responsibility; desert:

    • abandon a friend in trouble 抛弃处于危难中的朋友

  • To give up by leaving or ceasing to operate or inhabit, especially as a result of danger or other impending threat:

    • abandoned the ship 弃船

  • To surrender one's claim to, right to, or interest in; give up entirely.See Synonyms at relinquish

  • To cease trying to continue; desist from:

    • abandoned the search for the missing hiker.

      放弃搜寻走失的远足者


Unit 12 the message behind the smile

While smiling may start as instinctive behavior, it is soon shaped by social situations. By the time we are four years old, it is no longer a sign of openly expressed pleasure. Instead, it can be produced artificially to please others. According to Dr. Roger Lamb of Oxford University, "Conversational signals become habitual and just as automatic as emotional expressions. It is very difficult for adults not to smile and nod their heads when listening to someone's conversation."


Instinctive

instinctive

  • Of, relating to, or prompted by instinct.

    • Suckling is an instinct in mammals.

      哺乳是哺乳动物的本能。

    • Birds learn to fly by instinct.

      鸟儿学飞是出于本能。

  • Arising from impulse; spontaneous and unthinking:

    • an instinctive mistrust of bureaucrats.

      对官僚出于直觉的不信任


Artificial

artificial

  • Made by human beings; produced rather than natural.

  • Brought about or caused by sociopolitical or other human-generated forces or influences:

    • set up artificial barriers against women and minorities

      制造歧视妇女和少数民族的人为障碍;

    • an artificial economic boom

      人为的经济繁荣

  • Made in imitation of something natural; simulated.

  • Not genuine or natural:

    • an artificial smile

      不自然的微笑


Unit 12 the message behind the smile

The problems start when people of different ages, sexes, and cultures try to smile encouragingly at each other, for although the basic expression is universally recognized, each social group develops its own system of conversational signals. A typically British "wry smile", for example, involving raising one comer of the mouth and lowering the other, is likely to be incomprehensible to most other nationalities.


Signal

signal

  • An indicator, such as a gesture or colored light, that serves as a means of communication. Synonyms: gesture

    • an area with a poor [an excellent] TV signal

      影象不清[极佳]的地区

    • They went into action at a given signal.

      在约定的信号发出时, 他们投入了战斗。

  • A message communicated by such means

    • A red light is usually a signal of danger.

      红灯通常是危险的信号。

  • Something that incites action:

    • The peace treaty was the signal for mass celebrations.

      和平协议的签署引发群众盛大的欢庆

    • What he said was the signal for the argument.

      他的那番话引起了这场争论。


Unit 12 the message behind the smile

The Japanese, too, are a role unto themselves when it comes to facialexpressions. Under traditional Japanese codes of behavior, negative emotions such as anger, sadness, and disgust should not be shown openly; as a result, people may end up giving a broad smile instead.


Facial

facial

  • Of or concerning the face:

    • facial cosmetics; facial hair.

      脸部的化妆;脸毛

    • a facial nerve

      面部神经

    • facial expressions

      面部表情

    • facial tissue

      擦面用的薄纸, 纸巾


Disgust

disgust

  • Profound aversion or repugnance excited by something offensive.

    • The smell filled me with disgust.

      这股气味使我作呕。

      v.tr.

  • To excite nausea or loathing in; sicken.

    • His behaviour disgusted everybody.

      他的行为遭到众人的唾弃。

    • The food disgusted me.

      这食物使我感到恶心。

  • To offend the taste or moral sense of; repel.


Unit 12 the message behind the smile

Smiling practices may also differ dramatically between the sexes. Women, for instance, smile more than men. Again, this isn't because they are happier but simply because they are expected to appear pleasant; often they smile when they are actually feeling uncomfortable or tense. Men who smile a lot describe themselves as sociable''; women who do so describe themselves as "feminine".


Sociable

sociable

  • Fond of the company of others; gregarious.

    • The Smiths are a sociable family.

      史密斯一家人很好交际。

  • Marked by or affording occasion for agreeable conversation and conviviality. Synonyms social

  • Pleasant, friendly, and affable. Synonyms gracious


Feminine

feminine

  • Of or relating to women or girls; female.

  • Characterized by or possessing qualities generally attributed to a woman.

    • feminine beauty 女性美

  • Effeminate; womanish.


Unit 12 the message behind the smile

Whatever the reason, smiling people are considered more attractive than those who are stony faced. This is why some children who fail to learn to smile properly and appropriately often find themselves outcasts on the playground. In the United States social skills programs now concentrate on teaching unpopular children to smile with the required degree of warmth. The results are said to be highly successful.

EXERCISES


Stony

stony

  • Covered with or full of stones:

    • a stony beach.

      多石的海滩

  • Resembling stone, as in hardness.

  • Hardhearted and unfeeling; unemotional.

  • Exhibiting no feeling or warmth; impassive:

    • a stony expression.

      冷漠的措辞

  • Emotionally numbing or paralyzing:

    • a stony feeling of fear.

      对恐怖毫无感觉


Outcast

outcast

  • One that has been excluded from a society or system

    • a social outcast

      被社会所排斥的人


Exercises

Exercises

  • Why can you trust a baby's smile more than an adult's?

  • What's the difference in smiling practices between men and women?

  • What do people in the Unite States do to help those children who cannot smile a proper smile?


Unit 12 the message behind the smile

Thank you for your attention!


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