Theology of sacred scripture understanding the bible and it s message
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Theology of Sacred Scripture : Understanding the Bible and It’s Message. Chapter 1: Preparing for the Journey. Homework. (due Weds., 9 /5) Print out “Text”, Chapter 1 Write out your 3 most important questions about the Bible Read & highlight pp. 14-17; RQs, p.17 (in notebook). Homework.

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Theology of Sacred Scripture : Understanding the Bible and It’s Message

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Theology of sacred scripture understanding the bible and it s message

Theology of Sacred Scripture:Understanding the Bibleand It’s Message


Chapter 1 preparing for the journey

Chapter 1:Preparing for the Journey


Homework

Homework

(due Weds., 9 /5)

  • Print out “Text”, Chapter 1

  • Write out your 3 most important questions about the Bible

  • Read & highlight pp. 14-17; RQs, p.17 (in notebook)


Homework1

Homework

(due Fri., 9 /7)

  • Write out 3 arguments for and 3 against the existence of God; prepare to debate.

    (due Mon., 9/10)

  • Read/annotate article on existence of God, acc. to your opinions: http://www.existence-of-god.com/existence-of-god.html


Homework2

Homework

(due Weds., 9/12)

  • Final preps for “God” trial, acc. to your role

    (due Thurs., 9/13)

  • R&H (read and highlight) pp. 17-21; RQs p. 21


Homework3

Homework

(due Mon., 9/17)

  • R&H pp. 22-29; RQs pp. 26 & 29

    (due Weds., 9/19)

  • R&H article on LectioDivina

  • Choose 1 of the passages at end of article or from “Life and Faith Issues” (last page) and practice steps of lectiodivina; write your reflection in notebook.


Homework4

Homework

(due Thurs., 9/20)

  • Study for Test Review on:

    • Ch. 1 handout

    • PPt notes

    • Articles/handouts (God, LectioDivina)

      (due Mon., 9/24)

  • TEST on above (ACHTUNG! Ravens play Sunday night!!)


Bible defined

Bible Defined

  • All books of OT & NT approved by authority of Church

  • “Bible” = “the Books” ( tabiblia,in Gk.)

  • Bible= God’s Word revealed in human words


Testament

“Testament”?

  • = pact, agreement, covenant

  • OT made thru Moses > Jews

  • NT “ “ Jesus > All Peoples


Canon of the bible

Canon of the Bible

  • Canon= official list of inspired books of the Bible

  • Canonicity= issue of how books are determined as canonical


Canon of the bible1

Canon of the Bible

  • When? 393 A.D. Council of Hippo (other Councils affirmed same)

  • Which?

    • OT= 46

    • NT= 27

    • Bible= 73


Canon of the bible2

Canon of the Bible

  • Who ?

    • Church authority, given by Christ, inspired by H.Sp.

  • Why?

    • Apostolic origin

    • Widespread acceptance

    • Conformity to the “rule of faith”


Deutero canonical books

Deutero-canonical books

  • Deutero-canonical Books = 7 Books accepted by Catholic Church…Why?

    • from Alexandrian Canon

    • The AC based on Septuagint, Greek OT

    • Jesus & apostles knew, read & accepted Septuagint.

  • These books not found in versions of Bible based on older Hebrew canon


Deutero canonical books1

Deutero-canonical books

  • Tobit

  • Judith

  • Wisdom

  • Sirach

  • Baruch

  • 1 Maccabees

  • 2 Maccabees

    (also parts of Esther & Daniel)


Coming to know god

Coming to Know God

“The desire for God is written in the human heart because man is created by God and for God.”

-CCC,27


We can know god through

We can know God through…

  • Human reason

    • Our discovery of God

  • Divine Revelation

    • God manifesting (showing) Himself to us


Proofs for god

Proofs for God?

  • “Proofs” =tests

    • Probare (Latin)= to test, probe

    • Evidence to be put to the test… of reason


1 cosmological argument

1. Cosmological Argument

  • God = “Unmoved Mover” or “First Cause” of everything

  • There must be a source from which all else exists


2 ontological argument

2. Ontological Argument

  • God = Ultimate Perfect Being

  • There must be “that than which nothing greater can be thought,” a.k.a. “God”


3 teleological argument

3. Teleological Argument

  • “Argument from design”

  • The universe has an order or design; there must be a designer, a.k.a. God


4 moral argument

4. Moral Argument

  • Morality exists objectively, ie. apart from our opinions

  • Where did we get this sense of right & wrong?

  • God = Creator of the Moral Law


We can know god through1

We can know God through…

  • Human reason

    • Our discovery of God

  • Divine Revelation

    • God manifesting (showing) Himself to us


Divine revelation

Divine Revelation

  • God is known by human reason, but…

  • God took first step/initiative in revealing Himself to man… so…

  • God makes Himself known and we are able to know Him


Divine rev why necessary

Divine Rev.: Why Necessary?

  • Need for God to show what reason can’t arrive at on its own (eg. Miracles)

  • Need for God to give certitude about things reason can arrive at (eg. that killing is wrong)


Divine rev what is it

Divine Rev.: What is it?

  • God communicates Himself to man, making known His plan

  • Story of it (in Scripture)= Salvation History

  • Fullness of it = Jesus Christ, God Himself revealed in the flesh


Magisterium interprets

Magisterium interprets…

  • Depositum Fidei (“Deposit of Faith”)= 2 places where God’s revelation (what He has done & said) is “deposited”:

    • Sacred Tradition (traditio= pass on)

    • Sacred Scripture (Bible)


The two senses of scripture

The two “senses” of Scripture

  • Literal sense:

    • Actual meaning of words

  • Spiritual sense:

    • Deeper meaning:

      • Allegorical

      • Moral

      • Anagogical


Biblical inspiration defined

Biblical Inspiration defined:

  • Principle Author= God (Holy Spirit)

  • H. Sp. guided human authors to write, in their own style, words, etc. the truth He was revealing to them

  • How?


Theories of inspiration

Theories of Inspiration

  • Divine DictationWriter = robot

  • Negative AssistanceSpirit = watchdog

  • Positive AssistanceSpirit & writer =team


Extent of inspiration

Extent of Inspiration

  • Pope Leo XIII in P.D.: Bible in all its parts is inspired (not just “faith & morals”)

  • Whole Bible= Word of God… but…

  • Inspired truth not= literal truth


Inerrancy of scripture

Scientific errors?

Creation/evolution

Historical errors?

Dates

“Inerrancy” of Scripture

Since it is inspired, the Bible is free from error in matters of salvation, that is, our eternal relationship with God


Interpreting the bible

Interpreting the Bible

  • 3 Rules of Catholic interpretation:

  • Content & unity of whole Scripture

  • w/in living Tradition of Church

  • Attention to “analogy of faith,” ie. how truths of faith fit together as a whole


Dead sea scrolls

Dead Sea Scrolls


Bible divided into

Bible divided into:


Bible divided into1

Bible divided into:


Bible divided into2

Bible divided into:


O t divided into

O.T. divided into:


O t divided into1

O.T. divided into:


O t divided into2

O.T. divided into:


O t divided into3

O.T. divided into:


O t divided into4

O.T. divided into:


N t divided into

N.T. divided into:


N t divided into1

N.T. divided into:


N t divided into2

N.T. divided into:


N t divided into3

N.T. divided into:


N t divided into4

N.T. divided into:


Complete structure of bible

Complete Structure of Bible


Interpreting the bible1

Interpreting the Bible

  • Critical reading:

    • Context of the text?

      • History

      • Culture

      • Language

      • Literary form/style

  • LectioDivina:

    • “sacred reading”

    • Deep, personal

    • “Praying the Scriptures”


Lectio divina

LectioDivina

  • Lectio(slow, attentive reading

  • Meditatio (thinking, reflecting on text

  • Oratio ( thoughts > conversation w/ God)

  • Contemplatio( words> silence… )

  • [Resolution: decide to act on your lectio]


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