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New Covenant Theology Series Steve Atkerson ~ Atlanta, Georgia New Testament Reformation Fellowship www.NTRF.org. Introduction to new covenant theology. What is New Covenant Theology?. What is New Covenant Theology? It is a way of interpreting the Bible.

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New Covenant Theology Series

Steve Atkerson ~ Atlanta, Georgia

New Testament Reformation Fellowship

www.NTRF.org

Introduction to new covenant theology



What is New Covenant Theology?

It is a way of interpreting the Bible


What is New Covenant Theology?

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant


He who was seated on the throne said, "I am making everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

— NIV Revelation 21:5


He who was seated on the throne said, "I am making everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

— NIV Revelation 21:5

For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

— John 1:17 (ESV)


new wine everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”


new wine everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

new wineskins


new wine everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

new wineskins

new teaching


new wine everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

new wineskins

new teaching

new covenant


new wine everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

new wineskins

new teaching

new covenant

new commandment


new wine everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

new wineskins

new teaching

new covenant

new commandment

new creation


new wine everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

new wineskins

new teaching

new covenant

new commandment

new creation

new way


new wine everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

new wineskins

new teaching

new covenant

new commandment

new creation

new way

new man


new wine everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

new wineskins

new teaching

new covenant

new commandment

new creation

new way

new man

new name


new wine everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

new wineskins

new teaching

new covenant

new commandment

new creation

new way

new man

new name

new song


new wine everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

new wineskins

new teaching

new covenant

new commandment

new creation

new way

new man

new name

new song

new Jerusalem


new wine everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

new wineskins

new teaching

new covenant

new commandment

new creation

new way

new man

new name

new song

new Jerusalem

all things new


What is New Covenant Theology? everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”


What is New Covenant Theology? everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

It is a way of interpreting the Bible


What is New Covenant Theology? everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant


What is New Covenant Theology? everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses


What is New Covenant Theology? everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses

Believers are under the law of Christ, not the law of Moses


What is New Covenant Theology? everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses

Believers are under the law of Christ, not the law of Moses

The way Christ & His apostles interpreted the OT should be normative


What is New Covenant Theology? everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses

Believers are under the law of Christ, not the law of Moses

The way Christ & His apostles interpreted the OT should be normative

NT interpret the OT


What is New Covenant Theology? everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses

Believers are under the law of Christ, not the law of Moses

The way Christ & His apostles interpreted the OT should be normative

NT interpret the OT

The Bible should be read not only literally, but more importantly, literarily


What is New Covenant Theology? everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses

Believers are under the law of Christ, not the law of Moses

The way Christ & His apostles interpreted the OT should be normative

NT interpret the OT

The Bible should be read not only literally, but more importantly, literarily

OT is type and shadow, the NT is fulfillment and reality


What is New Covenant Theology? everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses

Believers are under the law of Christ, not the law of Moses

The way Christ & His apostles interpreted the OT should be normative

NT interpret the OT

The Bible should be read not only literally, but more importantly, literarily

OT is type and shadow, the NT is fulfillment and reality

The church started at Pentecost and did not exist in the OT


What is New Covenant Theology? everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses

Believers are under the law of Christ, not the law of Moses

The way Christ & His apostles interpreted the OT should be normative

NT interpret the OT

The Bible should be read not only literally, but more importantly, literarily

OT is type and shadow, the NT is fulfillment and reality

The church started at Pentecost and did not exist in the OT

OT Israel was not the church, only a type of the church


What is New Covenant Theology? everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses

Believers are under the law of Christ, not the law of Moses

The way Christ & His apostles interpreted the OT should be normative

NT interpret the OT

The Bible should be read not only literally, but more importantly, literarily

OT is type and shadow, the NT is fulfillment and reality

The church started at Pentecost and did not exist in the OT

OT Israel was not the church, only a type of the church

God only has one people (the church ), not two (the church & Israel)


What is New Covenant Theology? everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses

Believers are under the law of Christ, not the law of Moses

The way Christ & His apostles interpreted the OT should be normative

NT interpret the OT

The Bible should be read not only literally, but more importantly, literarily

OT is type and shadow, the NT is fulfillment and reality

The church started at Pentecost and did not exist in the OT

OT Israel was not the church, only a type of the church

God only has one people (the church ), not two (the church & Israel)

The church is the true Israel


How does NCT effect church practice? everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”


Tithing everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”


Tithing everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

Priests


Tithing everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

Priests

Sanctuaries


Tithing everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

Priests

Sanctuaries

Infant baptism


Tithing everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

Priests

Sanctuaries

Infant baptism

Keeping the Lord’s Day as a Sabbath day


Tithing everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

Priests

Sanctuaries

Infant baptism

Keeping the Lord’s Day as a Sabbath day

The believer’s obligation to the Law of Moses


Tithing everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

Priests

Sanctuaries

Infant baptism

Keeping the Lord’s Day as a Sabbath day

The believer’s obligation to the Law of Moses

The proper use of the ten commandments today


Tithing everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

Priests

Sanctuaries

Infant baptism

Keeping the Lord’s Day as a Sabbath day

The believer’s obligation to the Law of Moses

The proper use of the ten commandments today

Separation of church and state


Tithing everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

Priests

Sanctuaries

Infant baptism

Keeping the Lord’s Day as a Sabbath day

The believer’s obligation to the Law of Moses

The proper use of the ten commandments today

Separation of church and state

The church’s attitude toward modern geopolitical Israel


“The central questions of the apostolic age turned on everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

the continuity or discontinuity of the church with Israel."

— Henry Chadwick, The Early Church


The church and Israel? everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”


The church and Israel? everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

The church is Israel?


Covenant Theology (CT) everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”


Covenant Theology (CT) everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

Dispensational Theology (DT)


Covenant Theology (CT) everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

Dispensational Theology (DT)

New Covenant Theology (NCT)


Covenant Theology (CT) everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”


Covenant Theology (CT) everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

Covenant of Redemption


Covenant Theology (CT) everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

Covenant of Redemption

Covenant of Works


Covenant Theology (CT) everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

Covenant of Redemption

Covenant of Works

Covenant of Grace


Implicit everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

theological covenants


Implicit everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

theological covenants


Implicit everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

theological covenants

Explicit

Biblical covenants


Implicit everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

theological covenants

Explicit

Biblical covenants


“There are not, therefore, two covenants of grace differing in substance, but one and the same under various dispensations.”

— Westminster Confession , chapter 7, sec. 6


“There are not, therefore, two covenants of grace differing in substance, but one and the same under various dispensations.”

— Westminster Confession , chapter 7, sec. 6

There is continuity between the law of Moses and the law of Christ.


“There are not, therefore, two covenants of grace differing in substance, but one and the same under various dispensations.”

— Westminster Confession , chapter 7, sec. 6

There is continuity between the law of Moses and the law of Christ.

The key in CT thinking is continuity, continuity, continuity.


CT differing in substance, but one and the same under various dispensations.”


DT differing in substance, but one and the same under various dispensations.”


CT: The Church is Israel and Israel was the church. differing in substance, but one and the same under various dispensations.”

(continuity)


CT: The Church is Israel and Israel was the church. differing in substance, but one and the same under various dispensations.”

(continuity)

DT: God has two separate peoples: the church and Israel. (discontinuity)



CT: OT Israel was the church and the church is the true Israel

(continuity)

DT: OT Israel was not the church and the church is not Israel.

God has two separate peoples: the church and Israel.

(discontinuity)


CT: OT Israel was the church and the church is the true Israel

(continuity)

DT: OT Israel was not the church and the church is not Israel.

God has two separate peoples: the church and Israel.

(discontinuity)

NCT: OT Israel was not the church, but the church is the true Israel.

OT Israel was only a type of the church.

The church started at Pentecost.

(redemptive continuity but covenantal discontinuity)



Session 1 ~ Introduction to NCT: The Old & New Covenants Examined

Session 2 ~ Introduction to NCT: Impact of the NT on the OT


Session 1 ~ Introduction to NCT: The Old & New Covenants Examined

Session 2 ~ Introduction to NCT: Impact of the NT on the OT

Session 3 ~ The Heart of the Matter: The Abrahamic Covenant & Impact of the NT on the Abrahamic Covenant


Session 1 ~ Introduction to NCT: The Old & New Covenants Examined

Session 2 ~ Introduction to NCT: Impact of the NT on the OT

Session 3 ~ The Heart of the Matter: The Abrahamic Covenant & Impact of the NT on the Abrahamic Covenant

Session 4 ~ Comparison of CT & DT to NCT


Session 1 ~ Introduction to NCT: The Old & New Covenants Examined

Session 2 ~ Introduction to NCT: Impact of the NT on the OT

Session 3 ~ The Heart of the Matter: The Abrahamic Covenant & Impact of the NT on the Abrahamic Covenant

Session 4 ~ Comparison of CT & DT to NCT

Session 5 ~ Selected Texts & Applications


New Covenant Theology Examined

Steve Atkerson ~ Atlanta, Georgia

New Testament Reformation Fellowship

www.NTRF.org

The old covenant


Sinai Covenant Examined

Mosaic Covenant

Old Covenant




Moral (Ethical) Law Examined

Ceremonial Law


Moral (Ethical) Law Examined

Ceremonial Law

Civil Law (Penal Code)


For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point is guilty of breaking all of it.

— James 2:10 (NIV)


Thomas Aquinas, 13 point is guilty of breaking all of it.th century

John Calvin, 16th century


The Hebrew word for “everlasting” or “lasting” (Ex 31:16) is olam (#5769).

It literally means “a long time” (Holladay, p 267).

Olam is used 300 times to denote indefinite continuance into the very distant future.

It does not necessarily contain the idea of endlessness, but rather of a long duration or period (TWOT, II, p672).



Are you a physical descendant of Abraham? 31:16) is

Are you party to this covenant?


Are you a physical descendant of Abraham? 31:16) is

Are you party to this covenant?

Do you intend to move to the Middle East to occupy Palestine, settling perhaps on the West Bank?


Are you a physical descendant of Abraham? 31:16) is

Are you party to this covenant?

Do you intend to move to the Middle East to occupy Palestine, settling perhaps on the West Bank?

What impact did the New Covenant have on the Sinai Covenant?


Are you a physical descendant of Abraham? 31:16) is

Are you party to this covenant?

Do you intend to move to the Middle East to occupy Palestine, settling perhaps on the West Bank?

What impact did the New Covenant have on the Sinai Covenant?

What does the New Testament have to say about Sabbath observance?


Possession 31:16) is


Possession 31:16) is

Protection


Possession 31:16) is

Protection

Prosperity


Possession 31:16) is

Protection

Prosperity

Populous Posterity


IF 31:16) is


IF 31:16) is

conditional


Possession 31:16) is


Possession 31:16) is

Prosperity


Possession 31:16) is

Prosperity

Protection


Possession 31:16) is

Prosperity

Protection

Posterity


Possession 31:16) is

Prosperity

Protection

Posterity

Peculiar People



New covenant theology steve atkerson atlanta georgia new testament reformation fellowship

New Covenant Theology nation.

Steve Atkerson ~ Atlanta, Georgia

New Testament Reformation Fellowship

The New covenant



“NEW” COVENANT nation.

ISRAEL


“NEW” COVENANT nation.

ISRAEL

JUDAH


“NEW” COVENANT nation.

ISRAEL

JUDAH

HEBREW THING

(NO GENTILES)


On the third new moon after the people of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on that day they came into the wilderness of Sinai . . . There Israel encamped before the mountain,  while Moses went up to God. The Lord called to him out of the mountain, saying, “Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the people of Israel:   . . . if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine;  and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation . . .”

— Exodus 19:1-6 (ESV)


MOSAIC COVENANT out of the land of


MOSAIC COVENANT out of the land of

SIANI COVENANT


MOSAIC COVENANT out of the land of

SIANI COVENANT

OLD TESTAMENT


MOSAIC COVENANT out of the land of

SIANI COVENANT

OLD TESTAMENT

BROKEN TESTAMENT


And the Lord said to Moses, “ . . . this people will rise and whore after the foreign gods among them in the land that they are entering, and they will forsake me and break my covenant that I have made with them . . . they will turn to other gods and serve them, and despise me and break my covenant . . . For I know what they are inclined to do even today, before I have brought them into the land that I swore to give. . . ”

— Deuteronomy 31:16-21


The Lord said to Moses, “Come up to me on the mountain and wait there, that I may give you the tablets of stone, with the law and the commandment, which I have written for their instruction.”

— Exodus 24:12


Made with Israel and Judah wait there, that I may give you the

(literal descendants of Abraham?)


Made with Israel and Judah wait there, that I may give you the

(literal descendants of Abraham?)

“Not like” the broken covenant

(“New” ~ Discontinuity)


Made with Israel and Judah wait there, that I may give you the

(literal descendants of Abraham?)

“Not like” the broken covenant

(“New” ~ Discontinuity)

Law of New Covenant written on hearts, not stone


Made with Israel and Judah wait there, that I may give you the

(literal descendants of Abraham?)

“Not like” the broken covenant

(“New” ~ Discontinuity)

Law of New Covenant written on hearts, not stone

Everyone in covenant will know the LORD

(individualistic, not national)


Made with Israel and Judah wait there, that I may give you the

(literal descendants of Abraham?)

“Not like” the broken covenant

(“New” ~ Discontinuity)

Law of New Covenant written on hearts, not stone

Everyone in covenant will know the LORD

(individualistic, not national)

Forgiveness of sins is promised


And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.”  And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood. ”

— Luke 22:19-20 (ESV)


And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.”  And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood. ”

— Luke 22:19-20 (ESV)


“ . . . this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.”

— Matthew 26:28 (ESV)


Therefore he out for many for the forgiveness of sins.”(Christ) is the mediator of a new covenant (diathéké),so that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance, since a death has occurred that redeems them from the transgressions committed under the first covenant (diathéké). 

For where a will (diathéké) is involved, the death of the one who made it must be established.

For a will (diathéké) takes effect only at death, since it is not in force as long as the one who made it is alive.

— Hebrews 9:15-17 (ESV)


Law out for many for the forgiveness of sins.”


Law out for many for the forgiveness of sins.”

Promise


“Covenant” out for many for the forgiveness of sins.”

diathéké(1242)

The Greek carries the idea of “last will and testament.”


“Covenant” out for many for the forgiveness of sins.”

diathéké(1242)

The Greek carries the idea of “last will and testament.”

Any will requires the death of the testator to make it operative. An essential characteristic of a testament is that it is the declaration of one person’s will, not the result of an agreement between two parties (as with a contract) (BAG p. 183).


“Covenant” out for many for the forgiveness of sins.”

diathéké(1242)

The Greek carries the idea of “last will and testament.”

Any will requires the death of the testator to make it operative. An essential characteristic of a testament is that it is the declaration of one person’s will, not the result of an agreement between two parties (as with a contract) (BAG p. 183).

Thus, the promise of the new covenant is unconditionally bestowed upon Christ’s chosen beneficiaries. It is really more of a testament than a covenant.


Therefore he is the mediator of a new covenant ( out for many for the forgiveness of sins.”diathéké),so that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance, since a death has occurred that redeems them from the transgressions committed under the first covenant (diathéké). 

— Hebrews 9:15 (ESV)



Is there continuity or discontinuity between the Old Covenant and the New Testament?

Are Israel and the church the same?


Is there continuity or discontinuity between the Old Covenant and the New Testament?

Are Israel and the church the same?

What effect did the start of the new covenant have on the old covenant?


Is there continuity or discontinuity between the Old Covenant and the New Testament?

Are Israel and the church the same?

What effect did the start of the new covenant have on the old covenant?

Is the new covenant believer under the law of Moses?

Revised

12/04/09


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