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New Covenant Theology Series Steve Atkerson ~ Atlanta, Georgia New Testament Reformation Fellowship www.NTRF.org. Introduction to new covenant theology. What is New Covenant Theology?. What is New Covenant Theology? It is a way of interpreting the Bible.

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Introduction to new covenant theology

New Covenant Theology Series

Steve Atkerson ~ Atlanta, Georgia

New Testament Reformation Fellowship

www.NTRF.org

Introduction to new covenant theology


Introduction to new covenant theology

What is New Covenant Theology?


Introduction to new covenant theology

What is New Covenant Theology?

It is a way of interpreting the Bible


Introduction to new covenant theology

What is New Covenant Theology?

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant


Introduction to new covenant theology

He who was seated on the throne said, "I am making everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

— NIV Revelation 21:5


Introduction to new covenant theology

He who was seated on the throne said, "I am making everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.”

— NIV Revelation 21:5

For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.

— John 1:17 (ESV)


Introduction to new covenant theology

new wine


Introduction to new covenant theology

new wine

new wineskins


Introduction to new covenant theology

new wine

new wineskins

new teaching


Introduction to new covenant theology

new wine

new wineskins

new teaching

new covenant


Introduction to new covenant theology

new wine

new wineskins

new teaching

new covenant

new commandment


Introduction to new covenant theology

new wine

new wineskins

new teaching

new covenant

new commandment

new creation


Introduction to new covenant theology

new wine

new wineskins

new teaching

new covenant

new commandment

new creation

new way


Introduction to new covenant theology

new wine

new wineskins

new teaching

new covenant

new commandment

new creation

new way

new man


Introduction to new covenant theology

new wine

new wineskins

new teaching

new covenant

new commandment

new creation

new way

new man

new name


Introduction to new covenant theology

new wine

new wineskins

new teaching

new covenant

new commandment

new creation

new way

new man

new name

new song


Introduction to new covenant theology

new wine

new wineskins

new teaching

new covenant

new commandment

new creation

new way

new man

new name

new song

new Jerusalem


Introduction to new covenant theology

new wine

new wineskins

new teaching

new covenant

new commandment

new creation

new way

new man

new name

new song

new Jerusalem

all things new


Introduction to new covenant theology

What is New Covenant Theology?


Introduction to new covenant theology

What is New Covenant Theology?

It is a way of interpreting the Bible


Introduction to new covenant theology

What is New Covenant Theology?

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant


Introduction to new covenant theology

What is New Covenant Theology?

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses


Introduction to new covenant theology

What is New Covenant Theology?

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses

Believers are under the law of Christ, not the law of Moses


Introduction to new covenant theology

What is New Covenant Theology?

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses

Believers are under the law of Christ, not the law of Moses

The way Christ & His apostles interpreted the OT should be normative


Introduction to new covenant theology

What is New Covenant Theology?

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses

Believers are under the law of Christ, not the law of Moses

The way Christ & His apostles interpreted the OT should be normative

NT interpret the OT


Introduction to new covenant theology

What is New Covenant Theology?

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses

Believers are under the law of Christ, not the law of Moses

The way Christ & His apostles interpreted the OT should be normative

NT interpret the OT

The Bible should be read not only literally, but more importantly, literarily


Introduction to new covenant theology

What is New Covenant Theology?

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses

Believers are under the law of Christ, not the law of Moses

The way Christ & His apostles interpreted the OT should be normative

NT interpret the OT

The Bible should be read not only literally, but more importantly, literarily

OT is type and shadow, the NT is fulfillment and reality


Introduction to new covenant theology

What is New Covenant Theology?

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses

Believers are under the law of Christ, not the law of Moses

The way Christ & His apostles interpreted the OT should be normative

NT interpret the OT

The Bible should be read not only literally, but more importantly, literarily

OT is type and shadow, the NT is fulfillment and reality

The church started at Pentecost and did not exist in the OT


Introduction to new covenant theology

What is New Covenant Theology?

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses

Believers are under the law of Christ, not the law of Moses

The way Christ & His apostles interpreted the OT should be normative

NT interpret the OT

The Bible should be read not only literally, but more importantly, literarily

OT is type and shadow, the NT is fulfillment and reality

The church started at Pentecost and did not exist in the OT

OT Israel was not the church, only a type of the church


Introduction to new covenant theology

What is New Covenant Theology?

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses

Believers are under the law of Christ, not the law of Moses

The way Christ & His apostles interpreted the OT should be normative

NT interpret the OT

The Bible should be read not only literally, but more importantly, literarily

OT is type and shadow, the NT is fulfillment and reality

The church started at Pentecost and did not exist in the OT

OT Israel was not the church, only a type of the church

God only has one people (the church ), not two (the church & Israel)


Introduction to new covenant theology

What is New Covenant Theology?

It is a way of interpreting the Bible

Emphasis on the New Covenant rather than the Old Covenant

Starting point for ethics should be Christ, not Moses

Believers are under the law of Christ, not the law of Moses

The way Christ & His apostles interpreted the OT should be normative

NT interpret the OT

The Bible should be read not only literally, but more importantly, literarily

OT is type and shadow, the NT is fulfillment and reality

The church started at Pentecost and did not exist in the OT

OT Israel was not the church, only a type of the church

God only has one people (the church ), not two (the church & Israel)

The church is the true Israel


Introduction to new covenant theology

How does NCT effect church practice?


Introduction to new covenant theology

Tithing


Introduction to new covenant theology

Tithing

Priests


Introduction to new covenant theology

Tithing

Priests

Sanctuaries


Introduction to new covenant theology

Tithing

Priests

Sanctuaries

Infant baptism


Introduction to new covenant theology

Tithing

Priests

Sanctuaries

Infant baptism

Keeping the Lord’s Day as a Sabbath day


Introduction to new covenant theology

Tithing

Priests

Sanctuaries

Infant baptism

Keeping the Lord’s Day as a Sabbath day

The believer’s obligation to the Law of Moses


Introduction to new covenant theology

Tithing

Priests

Sanctuaries

Infant baptism

Keeping the Lord’s Day as a Sabbath day

The believer’s obligation to the Law of Moses

The proper use of the ten commandments today


Introduction to new covenant theology

Tithing

Priests

Sanctuaries

Infant baptism

Keeping the Lord’s Day as a Sabbath day

The believer’s obligation to the Law of Moses

The proper use of the ten commandments today

Separation of church and state


Introduction to new covenant theology

Tithing

Priests

Sanctuaries

Infant baptism

Keeping the Lord’s Day as a Sabbath day

The believer’s obligation to the Law of Moses

The proper use of the ten commandments today

Separation of church and state

The church’s attitude toward modern geopolitical Israel


Introduction to new covenant theology

“The central questions of the apostolic age turned on

the continuity or discontinuity of the church with Israel."

— Henry Chadwick, The Early Church


Introduction to new covenant theology

The church and Israel?


Introduction to new covenant theology

The church and Israel?

The church is Israel?


Introduction to new covenant theology

Covenant Theology (CT)


Introduction to new covenant theology

Covenant Theology (CT)

Dispensational Theology (DT)


Introduction to new covenant theology

Covenant Theology (CT)

Dispensational Theology (DT)

New Covenant Theology (NCT)


Introduction to new covenant theology

Covenant Theology (CT)


Introduction to new covenant theology

Covenant Theology (CT)

Covenant of Redemption


Introduction to new covenant theology

Covenant Theology (CT)

Covenant of Redemption

Covenant of Works


Introduction to new covenant theology

Covenant Theology (CT)

Covenant of Redemption

Covenant of Works

Covenant of Grace


Introduction to new covenant theology

Implicit

theological covenants


Introduction to new covenant theology

Implicit

theological covenants


Introduction to new covenant theology

Implicit

theological covenants

Explicit

Biblical covenants


Introduction to new covenant theology

Implicit

theological covenants

Explicit

Biblical covenants


Introduction to new covenant theology

“There are not, therefore, two covenants of grace differing in substance, but one and the same under various dispensations.”

— Westminster Confession , chapter 7, sec. 6


Introduction to new covenant theology

“There are not, therefore, two covenants of grace differing in substance, but one and the same under various dispensations.”

— Westminster Confession , chapter 7, sec. 6

There is continuity between the law of Moses and the law of Christ.


Introduction to new covenant theology

“There are not, therefore, two covenants of grace differing in substance, but one and the same under various dispensations.”

— Westminster Confession , chapter 7, sec. 6

There is continuity between the law of Moses and the law of Christ.

The key in CT thinking is continuity, continuity, continuity.


Introduction to new covenant theology

CT


Introduction to new covenant theology

DT


Introduction to new covenant theology

CT: The Church is Israel and Israel was the church.

(continuity)


Introduction to new covenant theology

CT: The Church is Israel and Israel was the church.

(continuity)

DT: God has two separate peoples: the church and Israel. (discontinuity)


Introduction to new covenant theology

CT: OT Israel was the church and the church is the true Israel

(continuity)


Introduction to new covenant theology

CT: OT Israel was the church and the church is the true Israel

(continuity)

DT: OT Israel was not the church and the church is not Israel.

God has two separate peoples: the church and Israel.

(discontinuity)


Introduction to new covenant theology

CT: OT Israel was the church and the church is the true Israel

(continuity)

DT: OT Israel was not the church and the church is not Israel.

God has two separate peoples: the church and Israel.

(discontinuity)

NCT: OT Israel was not the church, but the church is the true Israel.

OT Israel was only a type of the church.

The church started at Pentecost.

(redemptive continuity but covenantal discontinuity)


Introduction to new covenant theology

Session 1 ~ Introduction to NCT: The Old & New Covenants Examined


Introduction to new covenant theology

Session 1 ~ Introduction to NCT: The Old & New Covenants Examined

Session 2 ~ Introduction to NCT: Impact of the NT on the OT


Introduction to new covenant theology

Session 1 ~ Introduction to NCT: The Old & New Covenants Examined

Session 2 ~ Introduction to NCT: Impact of the NT on the OT

Session 3 ~ The Heart of the Matter: The Abrahamic Covenant & Impact of the NT on the Abrahamic Covenant


Introduction to new covenant theology

Session 1 ~ Introduction to NCT: The Old & New Covenants Examined

Session 2 ~ Introduction to NCT: Impact of the NT on the OT

Session 3 ~ The Heart of the Matter: The Abrahamic Covenant & Impact of the NT on the Abrahamic Covenant

Session 4 ~ Comparison of CT & DT to NCT


Introduction to new covenant theology

Session 1 ~ Introduction to NCT: The Old & New Covenants Examined

Session 2 ~ Introduction to NCT: Impact of the NT on the OT

Session 3 ~ The Heart of the Matter: The Abrahamic Covenant & Impact of the NT on the Abrahamic Covenant

Session 4 ~ Comparison of CT & DT to NCT

Session 5 ~ Selected Texts & Applications


Introduction to new covenant theology

New Covenant Theology

Steve Atkerson ~ Atlanta, Georgia

New Testament Reformation Fellowship

www.NTRF.org

The old covenant


Introduction to new covenant theology

Sinai Covenant

Mosaic Covenant

Old Covenant


Introduction to new covenant theology

“If . . . then”


Introduction to new covenant theology

1. Moral (Ethical) Law


Introduction to new covenant theology

Moral (Ethical) Law

Ceremonial Law


Introduction to new covenant theology

Moral (Ethical) Law

Ceremonial Law

Civil Law (Penal Code)


Introduction to new covenant theology

For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point is guilty of breaking all of it.

— James 2:10 (NIV)


Introduction to new covenant theology

Thomas Aquinas, 13 th century

John Calvin, 16th century


Introduction to new covenant theology

The Hebrew word for “everlasting” or “lasting” (Ex 31:16) is olam (#5769).

It literally means “a long time” (Holladay, p 267).

Olam is used 300 times to denote indefinite continuance into the very distant future.

It does not necessarily contain the idea of endlessness, but rather of a long duration or period (TWOT, II, p672).


Introduction to new covenant theology

Are you a physical descendant of Abraham?


Introduction to new covenant theology

Are you a physical descendant of Abraham?

Are you party to this covenant?


Introduction to new covenant theology

Are you a physical descendant of Abraham?

Are you party to this covenant?

Do you intend to move to the Middle East to occupy Palestine, settling perhaps on the West Bank?


Introduction to new covenant theology

Are you a physical descendant of Abraham?

Are you party to this covenant?

Do you intend to move to the Middle East to occupy Palestine, settling perhaps on the West Bank?

What impact did the New Covenant have on the Sinai Covenant?


Introduction to new covenant theology

Are you a physical descendant of Abraham?

Are you party to this covenant?

Do you intend to move to the Middle East to occupy Palestine, settling perhaps on the West Bank?

What impact did the New Covenant have on the Sinai Covenant?

What does the New Testament have to say about Sabbath observance?


Introduction to new covenant theology

Possession


Introduction to new covenant theology

Possession

Protection


Introduction to new covenant theology

Possession

Protection

Prosperity


Introduction to new covenant theology

Possession

Protection

Prosperity

Populous Posterity


Introduction to new covenant theology

IF


Introduction to new covenant theology

IF

conditional


Introduction to new covenant theology

Possession


Introduction to new covenant theology

Possession

Prosperity


Introduction to new covenant theology

Possession

Prosperity

Protection


Introduction to new covenant theology

Possession

Prosperity

Protection

Posterity


Introduction to new covenant theology

Possession

Prosperity

Protection

Posterity

Peculiar People


Introduction to new covenant theology

. . . you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.

— Exodus 19:6 (ESV)


New covenant theology steve atkerson atlanta georgia new testament reformation fellowship

New Covenant Theology

Steve Atkerson ~ Atlanta, Georgia

New Testament Reformation Fellowship

The New covenant


Introduction to new covenant theology

“NEW” COVENANT


Introduction to new covenant theology

“NEW” COVENANT

ISRAEL


Introduction to new covenant theology

“NEW” COVENANT

ISRAEL

JUDAH


Introduction to new covenant theology

“NEW” COVENANT

ISRAEL

JUDAH

HEBREW THING

(NO GENTILES)


Introduction to new covenant theology

On the third new moon after the people of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on that day they came into the wilderness of Sinai . . . There Israel encamped before the mountain,  while Moses went up to God. The Lord called to him out of the mountain, saying, “Thus you shall say to the house of Jacob, and tell the people of Israel:   . . . if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine;  and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation . . .”

— Exodus 19:1-6 (ESV)


Introduction to new covenant theology

MOSAIC COVENANT


Introduction to new covenant theology

MOSAIC COVENANT

SIANI COVENANT


Introduction to new covenant theology

MOSAIC COVENANT

SIANI COVENANT

OLD TESTAMENT


Introduction to new covenant theology

MOSAIC COVENANT

SIANI COVENANT

OLD TESTAMENT

BROKEN TESTAMENT


Introduction to new covenant theology

And the Lord said to Moses, “ . . . this people will rise and whore after the foreign gods among them in the land that they are entering, and they will forsake me and break my covenant that I have made with them . . . they will turn to other gods and serve them, and despise me and break my covenant . . . For I know what they are inclined to do even today, before I have brought them into the land that I swore to give. . . ”

— Deuteronomy 31:16-21


Introduction to new covenant theology

The Lord said to Moses, “Come up to me on the mountain and wait there, that I may give you the tablets of stone, with the law and the commandment, which I have written for their instruction.”

— Exodus 24:12


Introduction to new covenant theology

Made with Israel and Judah

(literal descendants of Abraham?)


Introduction to new covenant theology

Made with Israel and Judah

(literal descendants of Abraham?)

“Not like” the broken covenant

(“New” ~ Discontinuity)


Introduction to new covenant theology

Made with Israel and Judah

(literal descendants of Abraham?)

“Not like” the broken covenant

(“New” ~ Discontinuity)

Law of New Covenant written on hearts, not stone


Introduction to new covenant theology

Made with Israel and Judah

(literal descendants of Abraham?)

“Not like” the broken covenant

(“New” ~ Discontinuity)

Law of New Covenant written on hearts, not stone

Everyone in covenant will know the LORD

(individualistic, not national)


Introduction to new covenant theology

Made with Israel and Judah

(literal descendants of Abraham?)

“Not like” the broken covenant

(“New” ~ Discontinuity)

Law of New Covenant written on hearts, not stone

Everyone in covenant will know the LORD

(individualistic, not national)

Forgiveness of sins is promised


Introduction to new covenant theology

And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.”  And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood. ”

— Luke 22:19-20 (ESV)


Introduction to new covenant theology

And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.”  And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood. ”

— Luke 22:19-20 (ESV)


Introduction to new covenant theology

“ . . . this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.”

— Matthew 26:28 (ESV)


Introduction to new covenant theology

Therefore he (Christ) is the mediator of a new covenant (diathéké),so that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance, since a death has occurred that redeems them from the transgressions committed under the first covenant (diathéké). 

For where a will (diathéké) is involved, the death of the one who made it must be established.

For a will (diathéké) takes effect only at death, since it is not in force as long as the one who made it is alive.

— Hebrews 9:15-17 (ESV)


Introduction to new covenant theology

Law


Introduction to new covenant theology

Law

Promise


Introduction to new covenant theology

“Covenant”

diathéké(1242)

The Greek carries the idea of “last will and testament.”


Introduction to new covenant theology

“Covenant”

diathéké(1242)

The Greek carries the idea of “last will and testament.”

Any will requires the death of the testator to make it operative. An essential characteristic of a testament is that it is the declaration of one person’s will, not the result of an agreement between two parties (as with a contract) (BAG p. 183).


Introduction to new covenant theology

“Covenant”

diathéké(1242)

The Greek carries the idea of “last will and testament.”

Any will requires the death of the testator to make it operative. An essential characteristic of a testament is that it is the declaration of one person’s will, not the result of an agreement between two parties (as with a contract) (BAG p. 183).

Thus, the promise of the new covenant is unconditionally bestowed upon Christ’s chosen beneficiaries. It is really more of a testament than a covenant.


Introduction to new covenant theology

Therefore he is the mediator of a new covenant (diathéké),so that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance, since a death has occurred that redeems them from the transgressions committed under the first covenant (diathéké). 

— Hebrews 9:15 (ESV)


Introduction to new covenant theology

Is there continuity or discontinuity between the Old Covenant and the New Testament?


Introduction to new covenant theology

Is there continuity or discontinuity between the Old Covenant and the New Testament?

Are Israel and the church the same?


Introduction to new covenant theology

Is there continuity or discontinuity between the Old Covenant and the New Testament?

Are Israel and the church the same?

What effect did the start of the new covenant have on the old covenant?


Introduction to new covenant theology

Is there continuity or discontinuity between the Old Covenant and the New Testament?

Are Israel and the church the same?

What effect did the start of the new covenant have on the old covenant?

Is the new covenant believer under the law of Moses?

Revised

12/04/09


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