Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites
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Monitoring Indicators for Cultural World Heritage sites. ICOMOS Discussion points. Periodic Reporting Process. Periodic Reporting for Europe & North America has highlighted the need to: monitor progress and changes over time in WHSs

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Monitoring Indicators for Cultural World Heritage sites

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Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

Monitoring Indicators for Cultural World Heritage sites

ICOMOS Discussion points

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Periodic reporting process

Periodic Reporting Process

  • Periodic Reporting for Europe & North America has highlighted the need to:

    • monitor progress and changes over time in WHSs

  • In the Guidance for Part II of the Periodic Reporting process, the main aim is said to be:

    • … “to obtain an assessment of whether the World Heritage value(s) for which a property was inscribed on the World Heritage list is(are) maintained over time.’

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


New operational guidelines

New Operational Guidelines

‘common elements of an effective management system could include ….a cycle of planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and feedback”  

And asks State Parties to include in nominations:

  • “key indicators proposed to measure and assess the state of conservation of the property, the factors affecting it, conservation measures at the property,

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

Sites are inscribed on the WH list if they:

  • Are of OUV

  • Have a Statement of OUV

  • Have Authenticity and Integrity

  • Have a Management Plan or Management System that:

    • Identifies threats & vulnerabilities

    • Puts in place processes to:

      • Sustain OUV

      • Monitor & evaluate success in sustaining OUV

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


What needs monitoring

What needs Monitoring

  • Monitoring is needed to show if OUV is being sustained

  • To monitor OUV we therefore need to monitor management processes to see how successful they are

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

Cultural WHSs

  • Sites are living evolving places

  • Management is part of daily practice

  • Carried out by a wide range of stakeholders

  • Often with no overall management system

  • Collaborative or traditional management set out in a Management Plan

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

  • For some cultural sites there are a few clear management objectives related to projects

    • Where there is a defined output and timescale

      • e.g. major conservation projects

      • Construction of visitor facilities

  • For majority of cultural sites

  • Mangement challenges are related to managing change on a daily basis

  • Dont know what threat may arrive tomorrow

  • Need to have responsive management

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

Managing change:

  • Involves multiple stakeholders

  • Plethora of smallscale projects

  • Decisions to guide direction of change

    • Avoid unwanted consequences

    • Deliver optimum benefits

  • Through responsive processes

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

Action plans in Management plans for cultural sites often include:

  • Production of strategies e.g.

    • Visitor management

    • Risk preparedness

    • Tall buildings

    • Use of local materials

    • Training of craft skills

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

  • Management processes are the key to successful conservation

  • Management Plan often identifies those processes

    • Whether traditonal or modern management

  • In order to deliver sustainable managementnt

    • Where heritage underpins development

    • Where opportunities can be taken

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

  • Where things go wrong

  • Often because lack of process to deal with threats

  • Threats may be related to complex socio-economic systems

  • Need to set site into wider context

  • Manage interaction with its setting

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

Invovlement of stakeholders is essential in most cultural sites

  • Includes local communites

  • May include indigenous populations

  • Young people

  • Should be multi-disciplinary

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

Management needs to be related to knowledge

  • Of OUV

  • How this is related to tangible attributes

  • Of processes that drive the site

  • Of people involved in it

  • Of intangible values

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring

Monitoring

  • For living, developing, cultural sites

  • Monitoring needs to be on-going & responsive

  • Monitoring that reports impacts of change – positive, negative, neutral – valuable

  • More valuable are ways of showing how successful management has steered things in right direction

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

  • Cultural sites more complex than many natural sites

    • Where there are clear objectives to be acheived over time

    • Success can be tracked by managers who have some direct control over the process

  • Limitations of ‘tracking’ process

    • activites relating to people, local communities, visitors, management planning

  • All of these relate to cultural sites

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

Careful to avoid to simple objectives in order to have measurable indicators

  • Can have sites where fabric is well managed

    • No involvement of local communities

    • Threats to setting

    • Erosion of sense of place

    • Lack of benfits to locals

    • Heritage seen as stopping development

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Indicators

Indicators

Most cultural sites

  • Managed locally

  • Within a national protective framework

  • Both of these need to be in place

  • Need indicators for both

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators

Monitoring Indicators

Quantative

  • National protective framework

  • Basic data – similar to natural sites

    Qualitative

  • Success of local responsive management

  • Measuring process not the product

  • The product - sustaining OUV

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Qualitative indicators

Qualitative Indicators

  • Such indicators have not yet been developed

  • Three site managers in the UK are curtrently working on this

  • Will set out what indicators need to address

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Qualitative indicators1

Qualitative Indicators

  • Pre-conditions for good management:

    • People

    • Values

    • Knowledge

  • Sustainable management processes

  • Clear agreement on shared benefits

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

People:

  • Management structure

  • Collaborative arrangements

  • How are stakeholders involved

  • Local communities

  • Indigenous people

  • Young people

  • Professional advice: expertise

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

Values:

  • Articulating OUV

  • What it relates to on the site

    • Tangible

    • Intangible

  • Other values

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

Knowledge:

  • Context for management – wider environment

  • Inventories

  • Conservation records

  • Traditional skills

  • Know-how

  • Oral knowledge/traditions

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

Sustainable management:

  • Decison making processes

    • National support

  • Supportive strategies

  • Harnessing opportunties

  • Conservation & preventative conservation processes

  • Fostering development

  • Deal with threats

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

Sustainable management:

  • Overall strategies

  • Involvement of major external funding agencies

  • Resources

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

Benefits:

Sustaining OUV can bring direct and indirect benefits

To local communities, visitors etc

  • Who benefits

  • How do they benefit

  • Who chooses

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural whss

Monitoring Indicators for Cultural WHSs

 Quantative:

  • Suite of indicators – some pre-filled

    Qualitative:

  • People 7

  • Values 4

  • Knowledge 6

  • Sustainable management 9

  • Benefits 2

  • Total:28

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


Monitoring indicators for cultural world heritage sites

Thank You!

2nd meeting WH Periodic Reporting Reflection Year


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