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The Renaissance Unit 9. Unit 9 The Renaissance (Ch. 15 and 16.1-2) SSWH9 The student will analyze change and continuity in the Renaissance and Reformation. Explain the social, economic, and political changes that contributed to the rise of Florence and the ideas of Machiavelli.

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Unit 9 The Renaissance (Ch. 15 and 16.1-2)

SSWH9 The student will analyze change and continuity in the Renaissance and Reformation.

Explain the social, economic, and political changes that contributed to the rise of Florence and the ideas of Machiavelli.

Identify artistic and scientific achievements of Leonardo da Vinci, the “Renaissance man,” and Michelangelo.

Explain the main characteristics of humanism; include the ideas of Petrarch, Dante, and Erasmus.

Analyze the impact of the Protestant Reformation; include the ideas of Martin Luther and John Calvin.

Describe the Counter Reformation at the Council of Trent and the role of the Jesuits.

Describe the English Reformation and the role of Henry VIII and Elizabeth I.

Explain the importance of Gutenberg and the invention of the printing press.


SSWWH10 The Student will analyze the impact of the age of discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.

Explain the roles of explorers and conquistadors; include Zheng He, Vasco de Gama, Christopher Columbus, Ferdinand Magellan, James Cook, and Samuel de Champlain.

Define the Columbian Exchange and its global economic and cultural impact.

Explain the role of improved technology in European exploration; include the astrolabe.

SSWH13 The student will examine the intellectual, political, social, and economic factors that changed the world view of Europeans.

a. Explain the scientific contributions of Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, and Newton and how these ideas changed the European world view.



  • Early 1300s discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.

  • Began in Italy

  • Renaissance –or “rebirth”

  • A philosophical and artistic movement

  • Renewed interest in ancient Greek and Roman literature and life

  • A new emphasis on the power of human reason developed


Setting the stage for the renaissance economics
Setting the stage for the Renaissance: Economics discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.

Revival of trade: 11th century

  • Improved agriculture techniques

  • Population increase

  • New trade routes

  • Improved transportation

The Money Changer and his Wife


Setting the stage for the renaissance politics
Setting the stage for the Renaissance: Politics discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.

* City-states

* New economic elite

*Oligarchies and dictatorships


List of factors that led to the renaissance
List of Factors that led to the Renaissance discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.

  • *Ruins of the Roman Empire a reminder of Roman glory

  • *Contact with Byzantine civilization through Crusades and trade

  • *Knowledge of Arab and African achievements in science and medicine

  • *An artistic awakening

  • *The study of classical Greek and Roman literature and life

  • *Scholar’s search for new knowledge


Why italy

Why Italy? discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.

Roman Empire ruins reminded Italians of ancient Roman glory

Crusades and trade—contact with the Byzantine civilization, whose scholars had preserved Greek and Roman learning.

Trade—allowed Italians to learn of Arab and African achievements in science and medicine.

Florence, Milan, Naples, Rome, and Venice had grown rich through trade and industry.

These and other factors helped to encourage curiosity and the search for new knowledge among Italian thinkers.


Florence, Italy discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.

The city that is given the most credit for the birth of the Renaissance


Florence
Florence discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.

  • Center of banking and textiles

  • Bankers for the papacy

  • Nominally a republic, but controlled by an oligarchy of bankers and merchants


Niccolo discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia. Machiavelli (1469-1527)

  • A Florentine diplomat and historian

  • Wrote the essay, The Prince

  • He argued that a ruler should be concerned only with power and political success.

  • Today some people refer to the ruthless behavior to get ahead as “Machiavellian.”

  • Considered a humanist because he looked to the ancient Romans as models.

  • Lack of conventional morality in The Prince , however, sets him apart from other humanists of the time.

Press


The renaissance man
The Renaissance “Man” discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.

  • Broad knowledge about many things in different fields.

  • Deep knowledge/skill in one area.

  • Able to link information from different areas/disciplines and create new knowledge.

  • The Greek ideal of the “well-rounded man” was at the heart of Renaissance education.


The Nature of thought during the Renaissance discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.

education important, critical approach

admiration for individual achievement

Renaissance

Thought

Should lead a meaningful life

supporting the arts

belief in human dignity


A renaissance man or discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.polymath is a person who is skilled in multiple fields or multiple disciplines, and who has a broad base of knowledge.

The quintessential renaissance man—Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci

self-portrait

(1452-1519)

Press



Leonardo the artist from his notebooks of over 5000 pages 1508 1519
Leonardo, the Artist: discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.From his Notebooks of over 5000 pages (1508-1519)


Mona lisa da vinci 1503 1504
Mona Lisa—da Vinci, 1503-1504 discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.


The discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.Last Supper - da Vinci, 1498


Leonardo the scientist anatomy pages from his notebook
Leonardo, the Scientist (Anatomy): Pages from his Notebook



Self-portrait

David 1504 marble


Ilt food drive for macon outreach
ILT Food Drive for Macon Outreach

  • ILT with most donations gets a lunch party.

  • They need peanut butter, canned fruit, canned vegetables, canned meat, macaroni and cheese, cereal, rice, flour, cornmeal, and other canned goods.




Creation of Man

Detail of Michelangelo’s Work


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