From Hot to Cold War. The Big Three-Allies Forever? Agree to:. Try the Nazi war criminals Form the United Nations Divide Germany Divide Berlin Hold free elections in Eastern Europe Defeat Japan. The Post WWII Era. What kept the Allies together in war was now gone!.
From Hot to Cold War
The Post WWII Era
What kept the Allies together in war was now gone!
Bush vowed to try Saddom as a War Criminal.
A war criminal or sovereign leader of an independent country?
Iraqi Kurd schoolgirls make their way to school at the Benislawa internally displaced persons camp outside the city of Irbil, which is controlled by the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP), 231 miles (370 kilometers) north of the capital Baghdad, Iraq, Saturday, Feb. 22, 2003. About120,000 internally displaced Kurds live at Benislawa
Mohammed Aziz, 38, a survivor of the Halabja gas attack now calls Nashville, Tenn., home as he sits outside the Kurdish Human Rights Office in Nashville, Friday, Feb. 7, 2003. Aziz lost his father, two uncles, a brother, nieces and nephews, in March 1988 when Iraqi war planes dropped sarin and mustard gas on his hometown. While Americans waver on war with Iraq, Kurdish refugees in the United States have no doubt about the threat posed by Saddam Hussein.
The trial of the Nazi war criminals is held at Nuremberg!
Germans attack in the Battle of the Bulge – US POWS
The Nazis had no time for American Prisoners!
Malmedy Massacre December 1944
It began with simply registering, then wearing a star…how it ends up is history.
Some survived till 1945!
This photo was taken by an SS photographer. It is part of an album discovered after liberation by a female prisoner. Most people create family albums containing photos of their children, wives, husbands, mementos of places visited... Evidently this SS photographer was proud of the work he and his comrades were doing. The people in the photo had only just been brought from the trains where they had been crammed in cattle cars with no food, water or sanitation. Look closely at them, these were the people the Nazis considered dangerous. Not long after this photo was taken they were gassed, and their bodies burned.
Some survived till 1945!
The Nazis just ran out of time!
Herman Goering's elaborate custom suitcase bearing his coat of arms, which he took with him when he surrendered as a prisoner of war. The interior is indicative of the opulent lifestyle of the head of the Luftwaffe. It is complete with his writing folder, brushes, mirror, various bottles and boxes, and a group of cigars.
Eichmann's organizational chart of the SS, revised and corrected by Eichmann during his trial
The Japanese war criminals appear in a series of signed photographs
List of the Judges and
Defendants at the
Far East War Crimes
Spectators pass to the trials.
General Assembly - Congress for the U.N.
- One country one vote
- Can only make recommendations to committees
The UN Does Wage War
1950: After North Korean launched an attack across the de facto border at the 38th parallel, the Security Council passed a resolution calling on all members to assist in halting the strike. The motion gave the United States the authority to help South Korea wage war against the North, which was supported by China.
1991: The United States led a coalition of nations to dislodge Iraq from Kuwait after President Saddam Hussein ignored a U.N. threat of force if he didn’t withdraw from the tiny gulf nation, which he invaded the previous summer.
Flanked by International Atomic Energy Agency head Mohamed ElBaaradei, left, the U.N.'s chief weapons inspector Hans Blix gestures outside the United Nations Security Council following a briefing on the U.N. weapons inspectors' report on Iraqi weapons of mass destruction, Thursday, Jan. 9, 2003, at the United Nations in New York. Blix said weapons inspectors have found "no smoking guns" in their search for Iraqi weapons of mass destruction.
UN Security Council Meeting on Iraq – March of 2003
Colin Powell, Secretary of State of the United States, speaking to the UN Security Council March 10, 2003.
Secretary-General Kofi Annan listens intently to members discussing the situation in Iraq in March 11, 2003’s Security Council meeting on Iraq.
Mohammad Al-Douri, Permanent Representative of Iraq to the United Nations, speaking to the UN Security Council
March 10, 2003.
The UN Does Make Peace(current operations with start date)
Europe: Bosnia-Herzegovina, 1995; Kosovo, 1999
The Mideast: Lebanon,
1988; Iraq-Kuwait border,
The UN Also Has Notable Failures:
Somalia: The U.S. dispatched 28,000 troops to support U.N. humanitarian efforts in the war-torn nation in 1992. But shortly after the disastrous “Blackhawk Down” episode in the capital, Mogadishu, in October 1993, in which 18 American troops were killed, the American force was withdrawn.
Rwanda: The United Nations accepted responsibility for failing to stop the 1994 massacre of 800,000, mostly minority Tutsis. The United Nations had 2,500 troops in the country, but governments pulled out most of the soldiers after the 10 Belgian peacekeepers were killed and despite warnings of a likely genocide.
The Balkans: A U.N. “safe haven” in Srebrenica was overrun in 1995 by Serb forces, who massacred an estimated 7,000 Bosnian Muslims. A lightly armed U.N. force from the Netherlands failed to stop the killing.
The Cold War
World War II Ends
The Cold War Begins
The Cold War-A Struggle forWorld Domination
Capitalism v Communism
USA v USSR
1st World v 2nd World-In an attempt
To control the 3rd World/Whole World
Fought 1947 - 1989
Churchill and Truman arrive in Fulton Missouri
Churchill delivering the famous “Iron Curtain Speech” 1946.
From Stettin in the Baltic
to Trieste in the Adriatic
an iron curtain has descended across the
Behind that line lie all the capitals of the
ancient states of
Central and Eastern
- Winston Churchill 1946
Stalin wants Greece!
Truman saves Greece!
US Goal for the Cold War Stop the Spread of Communism
The American Policy Designed to do this is called:
Marshall Plan Expenditures
Economic Assistance, April 3, 1948 to June 30, 1952 (in millions of dollars) COUNTRYTotalGrantsLoans
Total for all countries $13,325.8$11,820.7$1,505.1 Austria677.8677.8--
West Germany 1,390.61,173.7216.9
Troubles in Berlin
June 1948-May 1949
“We’re Staying in Berlin!”
Will Drop Over
During His Tour
In The Berlin
Federal Republic of
After the Berlin Airlift
Western Europe, Canada, and the US created the NATO Alliance
Stalin counters this with the
Charter Meeting of NATO
A divided Europe
Soon to be a divided World!
Journal entries should be around 5-7 sentences.
Cold War Leaders
John F. Kennedy
Mao Zedong was the leader of the People's Republic of China from 1949 to 1976. Under his rule, the Chinese educational, societal, and economic systems disintegrated and many citizens were repressed and tortured.
Mao vs Chiang
Defeated by Mao, Chiang kai-shek created a country called
Nationalist China opposed to Mao’s Communist China
Toady it is called Taiwan!!!
This slide was
Made in Taiwan!
So long Chiang
Who is this
and why is he
60,000 American Dead
June 25, 1950
North Korea Invades South Korea
Driving Toward the Pusan Perimeter!
The Korean War
A US & UN Police Action: June 1950 – July 1953
Lt. Gen. Walton H. Walker, U.S. Eighth Army commander, crosses the Naktong River. Walker's troops established the Pusan perimeter (also known as the Naktong perimeter) by August 1, 1950.
US Counter Attack Begins at Inchon
U.S. Marines of the First Division climb a sea wall during the Inchon invasion on September 15, 1950. The Inchon landing was a brilliant strategic coup that turned the tide of the war against North Korea.
US Counter Attack Begins at Inchon
General of the U.S. Army Douglas MacArthur (seated, center), commander in chief of the Far East Command (FEC), observes the Inchon landing from aboard the USS Mount McKinley on September 15, 1950. The Inchon landing was MacArthur's Korean War masterstroke. Quickly planned despite opposition from Washington, D.C., it was a brilliant strategic coup that turned the tide of the war.
US Counter Attack Begins at Inchon
Supplies are unloaded at Red Beach following the Inchon landing on September 15, 1950.
US Counter Attack Continues North!
The North Korean army is near collapse as US/UN forces push north 100’s surrender!
Approaching the Yalu at Thanksgiving many US soldiers and Macarthur believe they’ll all be home for Christmas!
250,000 Chinese Volunteers Cross the Yalu River to save North Korea!!! We bug out, and a marine general wins acclaim for saying, “Retreat hell we’re just advancing backwards!”
Macarthur demands permission to bomb China and personally negotiate peace with the Chinese in direct violation of Truman’s orders!
Truman fires Macarthur!
Driven back by the Chinese advance US/UN troops re-cross the 38th Parallel and fall back losing Seoul.
Ridgeway orders US/UN troops to spend bullets not lives and the Chinese are stopped by massive US/UN firepower!
US. Troops are still stationed along the 38th parallel today!!!
Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison Jr. signs the Armistice Agreement, which effectively ended the Korean War, at Panmunjom on July 27, 1953.
Private first class Thomas S. Farrell of Trinidad, Colo., leaves a Communist truck at the Panmunjom, Korea prisoner exchange point August 18, 1953 during the 15th day of Operation Big Switch.
This is the closest you can get to the bridge that will someday join North and South Korea????
The DMZ at the 38th Parallel in 2008 – US troops are still in Korea!
This is the entrance to the 3rd Infiltration Tunnel that was discovered. The North had secretly dug tunnels under the DMZ border in order to launch sneak attacks on the South.
Seoul South Korea prosperous Democratic and Capitalistic!
Two Koreas in 2011
One with nuclear weapons?
Is North Korea Next???
****’em all, ****’em all
The Commies, the UN, and all.
And now know the meaning of USMC
But we’re saying goodbye to them all,
We’re Harry’s police force on call.
So put your pack back on,
The next stop is Saigon,
Cheer up, me lads ****’em all.
This song got the
US marines in a little
trouble but the corp
is not a Family School
Of significance is the
word in Red!
Where are we going
to go next?
Time to play...
Candy for Questions
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18,
19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29