The bill of rights and good citizenship
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The Bill of Rights and Good Citizenship. Just because the majority of the members of the Constitutional Convention had signed the document didn’t mean it automatically became the law. At least 9 out of the 13 original states had to RATIFY or approve it.

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The Bill of Rights and Good Citizenship

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The bill of rights and good citizenship

The Bill of Rights and Good Citizenship


The bill of rights and good citizenship

Just because the majority of the members of the Constitutional Convention had signed the document didn’t mean it automatically became the law. At least 9 out of the 13 original states had to RATIFY or approve it.


The bill of rights and good citizenship

Many people in the states broke into two groups:

FEDERALISTS

ANTI-FEDERALISTS


Federalists

Federalists

  • Favored a strong national government.

  • Thought the Constitution would protect the basic rights of people.

  • Were led by men such as James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay.


Anti federalists

Anti-Federalists

  • Feared the Constitution would make the national government (Congress and the President) too strong, and would weaken state governments.

  • Were concerned that there was not a Bill of Rights.

  • Led by men such as George Mason, Edmund Randolph, and Elbridge Gerry.


The bill of rights and good citizenship

A tense battle developed in some states between the two sides.

Alexander Hamilton, John Adams, and John Jay wrote a series of 85 essays called “The Federalist Papers” to support the Constitution.


The bill of rights and good citizenship

One by one the states debated the Constitution and began to ratify it. By June of 1788, 9 out of the 13 states had ratified the Constitution, so it could now become the law of the land. However, two large states, Virginia and New York, had not yet approved it. Fortunately, they eventually did, and the country was more unified.


Ratification of the constitution

Ratification of the Constitution


The nation celebrated

The Nation Celebrated!

  • The first election was held, with George Washington winning all the electoral votes.

  • Congress had 59 Representatives and 22 Senators (North Carolina and Rhode Island had yet to ratify.)

  • New York City served as the capital under the new Constitution.


The bill of rights

The Bill of Rights

Some states had been hesitant to accept the Constitution unless a Bill of Rights was included. A BILL OF RIGHTS is a document that lists freedoms the government must protect. The creators of the Constitution created the AMENDMENT process in case changes ever needed to be made.


The amendment process

The Amendment Process

  • Either 2/3 of both houses of Congress propose the amendment, or 2/3 of states can have special conventions.

  • Then, 3/4 of the states must approve the amendment.

  • In over 200 years, there have only been 27 amendments. Of those, the first 10 were passed shortly after the Constitution was ratified.


The second method has never been used

The second method has never been used.


The bill of rights and good citizenship

The first 10 amendments to the Constitution are called the Bill of Rights. They were created to ensure basic freedoms, and to make sure the government treated citizens fairly.

They were ratified on

December 15, 1791


The bill of rights and good citizenship

Click Here to Check out the Bill of Rights from the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia…


Amendment 1

Amendment #1

The 5 Freedoms

1. Religion

2. Speech

3. The Press

4. To Assemble

5. To Petition


Amendment 2

Amendment #2

The Right to Keep and Bear Arms


Amendment 3

Amendment #3

Lodging Troops in Private Homes


Amendment 4

Amendment #4

Protection Against Unlawful Searches and Seizures


Amendment 5

Amendment #5

Rights of the Accused


Amendment 6

Amendment #6

The Right to a Speedy and Public Trial for Criminal Offenses


Amendment 7

Amendment #7

The Right to a Jury Trial in Civil Cases Involving More Than $20


Amendment 8

Amendment #8

Excessive Bail and Punishments


Amendment 9

Amendment #9

Protection of Other Rights Not Mentioned in the Constitution


Amendment 10

Amendment #10

Powers Left to the States or to the People


Other amendments

Other Amendments

  • #11 – Judicial power of the U. S. is not to extend to suits against a state. (2/7/1795)

  • #12 – Current mode of electing the President/Vice President through the use of “electors”. (7/27/1804)

  • #13 – The prohibition of slavery. (12/6/1865)

  • #14 – Citizenship is defined, and privileges of being a citizen. (7/9/1868)

  • #15 – Voting rights of citizens. (2/3/1870)


Other amendments1

Other Amendments

  • #16 – Congress is given permission to tax personal income. (2/3/1913)

  • #17 – Election of senators, filling of vacancies, qualifications of electors. (4/8/1913)

  • #18 – Manufacture, sale, or transportation of liquor is prohibited. (1/16/1920)

  • #19 – The right of citizens to vote shall not be denied on account of sex. (8/18/1920)


Other amendments2

Other Amendments

  • #20 – Terms of president, vice president, senators, and representatives. (1/23/1933)

  • #21 – Repeal or cancellation of the 18th Amendment. (12/5/1933)

  • #22 – Limit to the number of terms a president may serve. (2/27/1951)

  • #23 – Electoral votes given to the District of Columbia. (3/29/1961)


Other amendments3

Other Amendments

  • #24 – Payment of poll taxes or any other taxes in order to vote is abolished. (1/23/1964)

  • #25 – Succession of vice president to the presidency in case of death, removal from office, or resignation. (2/10/1967)

  • #26 – Voting age changed to 18. (7/1/1971)

  • #27 – Congressional pay raises shall not take effect until elections have been held for the next Congress. (5/7/1992)


Never take your citizenship for granted some people wait a lifetime to become an american

Never Take Your Citizenship For Granted.Some people wait a lifetime to become an American!


There are 5 steps that can lead you to be more than just a citizen strive to be a model citizen

There are 5 steps that can lead you to be more than just a citizen.Strive to be a Model Citizen!!!


The bill of rights and good citizenship

Participate

In Your

Community

Model Citizen

Stay

Informed

Make

Good

Decisions

Know

Your

Rights

Be

Responsible

Regular

Citizen


Step 1 know your rights

Step #1 – Know Your Rights

First Amendment Liberties

The Right to Vote

1789-White male property owners over age 21

By 1850s-All white males over age 21

1870-Black males

1920-Females

1961-Residents of D. C.

1971-Citizens over age 18

  • Freedom of Religion

  • Freedom of Speech

  • Freedom of the Press

  • Freedom of Assembly

  • Freedom of Petition


Step 2 be responsible

Step #2 – Be Responsible

All Ages:

*Obey rules and laws

*Be tolerant of others

*Pay taxes

*Volunteer for causes

*Stay informed

Under 18:

*Get an Education

*Take Responsibility for Your Own Actions

*Help Your Family

Over 18:

*Vote

*Serve on a jury

*Serve in the military to

defend the country


Step 3 stay informed

Know the issues by taking time to study current events.

Learn who candidates are in elections.

Never be afraid to ask questions!!!

Step #3 – Stay Informed


Step 4 make good decisions

Step #4 – Make Good Decisions

Evaluate the

Solution

Identify the

Problem

Implement the

Solution

Gather

Information

Analyze the

Information

Consider

Options

Choose a

Solution


Step 5 participate in your community

If you see a cause you believe in, get out there and support it!

Individuals CAN and DO make a difference!!!

Step #5 – Participate in Your Community


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