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THE BILL OF RIGHTS. WHAT ARE THEY?. Why did we need a Bill of Rights. Some States asked for it to be included in order to ratify (Approve) the constitution. To provide protection to the citizens of the U.S. Individual Freedoms

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The bill of rights

THE BILL OF RIGHTS

WHAT ARE THEY?


Why did we need a bill of rights
Why did we need a Bill of Rights

  • Some States asked for it to be included in order to ratify (Approve) the constitution.

  • To provide protection to the citizens of the U.S.

    • Individual Freedoms

  • Addresses colonial grievances listed in the Declaration of Independence.


1 st amendment
1st Amendment

  • Basic Rights of U.S. Citizens

    • Freedom of Speech

    • Freedom of Religion

    • Freedom of Press

    • Freedom of Assembly

    • Freedom of Petition

  • The constitution DOES NOT protect

    • Slander

    • Endangers to public saftey


2 nd amendment
2nd Amendment

  • Dispute with Great Britain

  • The right to bear arms and maintain a militia.

    • To protect themselves in early American history.


3 rd amendment
3rd Amendment

  • Dispute with Great Britain

  • Prevents the military from forcing citizens to give housing to soldiers.


4 th amendment
4th Amendment

  • Unreasonable searches and seizures

  • Authorities must obtain a Search Warrant

    • Emergency Search


5 th amendment
5th Amendment

  • THOSE ACCUSED OF CRIMES

    1.The government can not punish anyone for a crime without due process of law.

    2.Prevents self testifying

    3.Prevents double jeopardy

    -Being charged twice for the same crime.

    4.Protection of Private Property

    - Eminent Domain (For the interest of the public


6 th amendment
6th Amendment

  • The accused has the right to ….

    • A Quick Public Trial

    • Awareness of the Charges

    • Question testifying witnesses

    • An Attorney

      • Government may provide


7 th amendment
7th Amendment

  • Juries can decide civil cases.

    • Cases that do not break a law, but cause damage to someone


8 th amendment
8th Amendment

  • Allows for defendants to post bail.

    • Allows defendants to not stay in jail, while waiting for trial.

  • Bans cruel and unusual punishment

    • Punishments must have guidelines


9 th amendment
9th Amendment

  • The rights listed in the constitution are not the only rights citizens have.

    • Free public education


10 th amendment
10th Amendment

  • The states and the people have additional powers beyond those specified in the constitution.

    • Balances power between State and National Government


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