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11/19/12 West Africa. Objective: Describe the impact of the spread of Islam and list 4 locations where the religion spread other than the Middle East Do Now: List 4 locations where Islam spread between 600-1400 CE Middle East Conflict? West Africa Mali in the News.

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11/19/12 West Africa

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11 19 12 west africa

11/19/12 West Africa

Objective: Describe the impact of the spread of Islam and list 4 locations where the religion spread other than the Middle East

  • Do Now: List 4 locations where Islam spread between 600-1400 CE

  • Middle East Conflict?

  • West Africa

  • Mali in the News


Modern states with a sizable muslim population

Modern States with a Sizable Muslim Population


11 19 12 west africa

Anatolia/Turkey

Spain- Cordoba

India- Turks/Delhi Sultanate

West Africa


The abbasid empire at its peak

The Abbasid Empire at Its Peak


Late abbasid eras

Late Abbasid Eras

  • Abbasid empire weakened, 9th-13th centuries

    • Extravagance

    • Shi’a revolts and assignation attempts

    • Succession not secure- led to civil war

    • Decline in position of women

      • Harems, veil, upper class forces to stay in home, slaves were more educated- polygamy -

    • Nomadic attacks

      • Buyaids then Seljuk Turks took Baghdad

        • Turks purged Shia and added strength to defend against Egypt and Byzantines


Interactive map spread of islam

Interactive Map Spread of Islam

  • http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/history/MHL/WW/interactiveMaps/Expansion_of_Islam/Expansion_of_Islam.htm


Baghdad

Baghdad


Achievements in the sciences

Achievements in the Sciences

  • Math

    • Built on Greek work

  • Chemistry

    • Experimentation

    • Specific weights

  • Map making

  • Paper making, silk, ceramic pottery

    • Captured Chinese who knew how to make paper)


11 19 12 west africa

Did Arab conquerors reach a “natural” limit (I) to expansion due to geography?

- Taurus mountains/Hindu Kush/Pyrenees


11 19 12 west africa

Spain- Cordoba


12 th century school of astronomy and chemistry at cordoba spain

12th Century school of astronomy and chemistry at Cordoba(Spain)


11 19 12 west africa

Early tolerance for Christians, and Hebrews

Lots of interaction and learning

Many Christians adopted culture but not Islam

Tension rose with Crusades and Reconquista


Christian crusades

Christian Crusades

  • 1099 Jerusalem is taken (Muslims face political divisions and are taken by surprise)

    • Jews and Muslims are massacred

  • Saladin- unites Muslims and retakes lands

    • Last of 8 crusades 1291


Impact christian crusades

Impact Christian Crusades

  • Muslim World- little impact

  • Europe- hard to say because of interactions with Muslim Spain

    • Weapons damascene swords

    • Techniques for building fortifications

    • Physicians

    • Recovery of Greek learning

    • Arabic numerals (Indian numerals)

    • Rugs/cloth

    • Foods- dates, coffee, yogurt


The spread of islam 10th 16th centuries

The Spread of Islam,10th-16th Centuries


11 19 12 west africa

Anatolia/Turkey


Anatolia

Anatolia

  • Turks invaded Anatolia the same time as India

  • Sufi missionaries- replaced Christian institutions

  • Large conversions 90% by 1500

    • Smaller population- but large Turkish settlement

    • Destruction of Byzantine society

    • Social benefits to conversion


11 19 12 west africa

India- Turks/Delhi Sultanate


Political divisions and the first muslim invasions

Political Divisions and the First Muslim Invasions

  • First as traders, 8th century


Patterns of conversion

Patterns of Conversion

  • Converts especially among Buddhists, lower castes, untouchables

    • Also, conversion to escape taxes

  • Muslims fleeing Mongols, 13th, 14th centuries

  • High-caste Hindus remain apart

    • Muslims also often fail to integrate


The coming of islam to south asia india

The Coming of Islam to South Asia (India)

  • By 1200, Muslims rule much of north, central

  • Conflict between two different systems

    • Hindu religion v. Muslim monotheism

    • Muslim egalitarianism v. Indian caste system


Early islam in india

Early Islam in India


Indian influences on islamic civilization

Indian Influences on Islamic Civilization

  • Science, math, medicine, music, astronomy---ZERO!!!!!

    • India influences Arab world!!!!


Stand off the muslim presence in india at the end of the sultanate period

Stand-off: The Muslim Presence in India at the End of the Sultanate Period

  • Brahmins v. ulama (Scholars)

    • Separate communities


11 19 12 west africa

West Africa


Trans sahara trade click for video

Trans-Sahara Trade (click for video)

  • Ghana, Mali, and Songhai were powerful trading kingdoms ruled by monarchs

    • Drew upon trade wealth, slaves

    • Like East Africa: cosmopolitan, urban, visitors, Islam


11 19 12 west africa

Peaceful – not conquest- traders

Mostly Urban

Provided leaders with legitimacy

Timbuktu – 150 schools/ libraries

Arabic becomes the language of trade

No Sharia or Islamic law!!!


West africa mali

West Africa Mali


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