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11/19/12 West Africa. Objective: Describe the impact of the spread of Islam and list 4 locations where the religion spread other than the Middle East Do Now: List 4 locations where Islam spread between 600-1400 CE Middle East Conflict? West Africa Mali in the News.

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11/19/12 West Africa

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11 19 12 west africa

11/19/12 West Africa

Objective: Describe the impact of the spread of Islam and list 4 locations where the religion spread other than the Middle East

  • Do Now: List 4 locations where Islam spread between 600-1400 CE

  • Middle East Conflict?

  • West Africa

  • Mali in the News

Modern states with a sizable muslim population

Modern States with a Sizable Muslim Population

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Spain- Cordoba

India- Turks/Delhi Sultanate

West Africa

The abbasid empire at its peak

The Abbasid Empire at Its Peak

Late abbasid eras

Late Abbasid Eras

  • Abbasid empire weakened, 9th-13th centuries

    • Extravagance

    • Shi’a revolts and assignation attempts

    • Succession not secure- led to civil war

    • Decline in position of women

      • Harems, veil, upper class forces to stay in home, slaves were more educated- polygamy -

    • Nomadic attacks

      • Buyaids then Seljuk Turks took Baghdad

        • Turks purged Shia and added strength to defend against Egypt and Byzantines

Interactive map spread of islam

Interactive Map Spread of Islam

  • http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/history/MHL/WW/interactiveMaps/Expansion_of_Islam/Expansion_of_Islam.htm



Achievements in the sciences

Achievements in the Sciences

  • Math

    • Built on Greek work

  • Chemistry

    • Experimentation

    • Specific weights

  • Map making

  • Paper making, silk, ceramic pottery

    • Captured Chinese who knew how to make paper)

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Did Arab conquerors reach a “natural” limit (I) to expansion due to geography?

- Taurus mountains/Hindu Kush/Pyrenees

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Spain- Cordoba

12 th century school of astronomy and chemistry at cordoba spain

12th Century school of astronomy and chemistry at Cordoba(Spain)

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Early tolerance for Christians, and Hebrews

Lots of interaction and learning

Many Christians adopted culture but not Islam

Tension rose with Crusades and Reconquista

Christian crusades

Christian Crusades

  • 1099 Jerusalem is taken (Muslims face political divisions and are taken by surprise)

    • Jews and Muslims are massacred

  • Saladin- unites Muslims and retakes lands

    • Last of 8 crusades 1291

Impact christian crusades

Impact Christian Crusades

  • Muslim World- little impact

  • Europe- hard to say because of interactions with Muslim Spain

    • Weapons damascene swords

    • Techniques for building fortifications

    • Physicians

    • Recovery of Greek learning

    • Arabic numerals (Indian numerals)

    • Rugs/cloth

    • Foods- dates, coffee, yogurt

The spread of islam 10th 16th centuries

The Spread of Islam,10th-16th Centuries

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  • Turks invaded Anatolia the same time as India

  • Sufi missionaries- replaced Christian institutions

  • Large conversions 90% by 1500

    • Smaller population- but large Turkish settlement

    • Destruction of Byzantine society

    • Social benefits to conversion

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India- Turks/Delhi Sultanate

Political divisions and the first muslim invasions

Political Divisions and the First Muslim Invasions

  • First as traders, 8th century

Patterns of conversion

Patterns of Conversion

  • Converts especially among Buddhists, lower castes, untouchables

    • Also, conversion to escape taxes

  • Muslims fleeing Mongols, 13th, 14th centuries

  • High-caste Hindus remain apart

    • Muslims also often fail to integrate

The coming of islam to south asia india

The Coming of Islam to South Asia (India)

  • By 1200, Muslims rule much of north, central

  • Conflict between two different systems

    • Hindu religion v. Muslim monotheism

    • Muslim egalitarianism v. Indian caste system

Early islam in india

Early Islam in India

Indian influences on islamic civilization

Indian Influences on Islamic Civilization

  • Science, math, medicine, music, astronomy---ZERO!!!!!

    • India influences Arab world!!!!

Stand off the muslim presence in india at the end of the sultanate period

Stand-off: The Muslim Presence in India at the End of the Sultanate Period

  • Brahmins v. ulama (Scholars)

    • Separate communities

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West Africa

Trans sahara trade click for video

Trans-Sahara Trade (click for video)

  • Ghana, Mali, and Songhai were powerful trading kingdoms ruled by monarchs

    • Drew upon trade wealth, slaves

    • Like East Africa: cosmopolitan, urban, visitors, Islam

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Peaceful – not conquest- traders

Mostly Urban

Provided leaders with legitimacy

Timbuktu – 150 schools/ libraries

Arabic becomes the language of trade

No Sharia or Islamic law!!!

West africa mali

West Africa Mali

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