Chapter 7: The Judicial Branch. Section 3: The Supreme Court pp. 182-189. Reading Focus. The Supreme Court is the head of the judicial branch of the federal government. It is the only court specifically established by the Constitution. Its decisions affect the lives of all Americans.
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The Supreme Court
The Constitution does not set any requirements for the Supreme Court justices.
One of the justices who supported the majority decision is assigned to write the opinion of the Court. An opinion explains the reasoning that led to the decision.
In 1896, Plessy v. Ferguson court case was brought to the Supreme Court. This challenged a Louisiana law that required African Americans and whites to ride in separate railroad cars.
In 1954, the Supreme Court tried the case of Brown v. Board of Education concerning a 7 year old girl in Kansas that wanted to go to a closer school which was for whites only.