President John Adams. 2 nd President of United States 1797-1801 Party: Federalist. Election 1797. The Candidates Federalist: John Adams Democratic-Republican: Thomas Jefferson. Democrat-Republican. Federalist. VS. Election 1797.
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2nd President of United States
President Adams sent a delegation to Paris in 1797
French demanded a large loan of $10 million and a bribe of $250K for U.S. privilege of merely talking to foreign minister Talleyrand
Negotiations broke down and Marshall came home
“Millions for defense not one cent for tribute” became the US Rally cry.
US enters a Quasi War with France (Undeclared Naval Warfare, 1798-1799 )YouTube - The XYZ Affair.mht
Purpose: Federalists passed a series of oppressive laws in 1798 that would silence criticism of the Federalist Party.
Raised residency requirements for U.S. citizenship from 5 yrs to 14 yrs
President empowered to deport "dangerous" foreigners
Anyone who impeded the policies of gov\'t or falsely defamed its officials, incl. the president, would be liable to a heavy fine and imprisonment
Violation of the 1st Amendment
Jefferson & Madison secretly created a series of resolutions
Premise: States had the right to nullify unconstitutional laws passed by Congress