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President John Adams. 2 nd President of United States 1797-1801 Party: Federalist. Election 1797. The Candidates Federalist: John Adams Democratic-Republican: Thomas Jefferson. Democrat-Republican. Federalist. VS. Election 1797.

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President john adams

President John Adams

2nd President of United States

1797-1801

Party: Federalist


Election 1797
Election 1797

  • The Candidates

    • Federalist: John Adams

    • Democratic-Republican: Thomas Jefferson

Democrat-Republican

Federalist

VS.


Election 17971
Election 1797

  • Thomas Jefferson was the runner up so he became the vice president.

  • The country had a president and vice president from two different political parties!

  • At this time the Constitution stipulated that the runner-up became VP.


Impact of the election
Impact of the Election

  • Sectionalism- Placing the interest of one region over another.

  • Northern states voted for Adams, Southern states voted for Jefferson.

  • 12th Amendment-Allowed for the electoral college to vote for VP separately.


Adams administration pyramid
Adams Administration Pyramid

  • Terms to Include:

  • XYZ Affair

  • Alien and Sedition Acts

  • Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

  • Pg. 194-196


Xyz affair
XYZ Affair

President Adams sent a delegation to Paris in 1797

French demanded a large loan of $10 million and a bribe of $250K for U.S. privilege of merely talking to foreign minister Talleyrand

http://www.thespoof.com/picstore/celebs/big.bird.50.jpg


Xyz affair1
XYZ Affair

Negotiations broke down and Marshall came home

“Millions for defense not one cent for tribute” became the US Rally cry.

US enters a Quasi War with France (Undeclared Naval Warfare, 1798-1799 )YouTube - The XYZ Affair.mht


Alien and sedition acts 1798
Alien and Sedition Acts (1798)

Purpose: Federalists passed a series of oppressive laws in 1798 that would silence criticism of the Federalist Party.

Raised residency requirements for U.S. citizenship from 5 yrs to 14 yrs

President empowered to deport "dangerous" foreigners

http://us.i1.yimg.com/us.yimg.com/i/travel/dg/maps/9b/750x750_unitedstates_m.gif


Alien and sedition acts 17981
Alien and Sedition Acts (1798)

Anyone who impeded the policies of gov't or falsely defamed its officials, incl. the president, would be liable to a heavy fine and imprisonment

Violation of the 1st Amendment

http://www.scifimoviepage.com/images/alien3.gif


Virginia and kentucky resolutions
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

Jefferson & Madison secretly created a series of resolutions

Premise: States had the right to nullify unconstitutional laws passed by Congress


The xyz affair
The XYZ Affair

  • “The Paris Monster”

  • “Cease bawling monster, we will not give you a sixpence.”

  • Answer skill builder questions on pg. 195



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