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Elaine R. Gagne EDUC 8841 Walden University. Cell Phones in College Courses. Implementation Proposal. “... If we teach today as we taught yesterday, we rob our children of tomorrow…”-- John Dewey (Founder of American Public Schools). Needs. Cell Phone Integration.

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Cell phones in college courses

Elaine R. Gagne

EDUC 8841

Walden University

Cell Phones in College Courses

Implementation Proposal

“... If we teach today as we taught yesterday, we rob our children of tomorrow…”-- John Dewey (Founder of American Public Schools)


Cell Phone Integration

  • Meets unique pedagogical needs of college students and professors for feedback and collaboration

  • Distance education is a viable, research-based option for learning

Rate of adoption
Rate of Adoption

Ziff Davis (2010). U.S. cell phone penetration. Retrieved January 8, 2011, from http://www.gearlog.com/2007/11/us_cellphone_penetration_tops.php


Perceived Problems in Integration


Desired features

Internet Browsers, Cameras, GPS, Memory Slots, Apps, Graphic Displays, SMS, Email, MP3, Games, e-Book, Calculator



  • http://gizmodo.com/#!5061790/25-anniversary-of-the-first-commercial-cellphone-call-timeline

  • Mass marketed

  • General public

  • Students and faculty

  • Parents

  • Software/hardware developers

  • Research

    • 1.5 billion cell phones in use globally

    • http://k12online.wm.edu/K12_Kolb_Cell.mp3

    • 3G to 4G networking expanding access to service

    • It responds to the on-demand learning interests of connected

    • citizens in an informationcentric world (Wagner, p. 4).

    • “Investigations suggest mobile devices can be effective tools for a

    • broad range of educational activities” (Thornton & Houser, p. 217).

    • It also connects formal educational experience (e.g., taking a class,

    • attending a workshop, or participating in a training session) with informal, situated learning experience (e.g., receiving performance support while on the job (Wagner, p. 3).

    Innovators early adopters
    Innovators & EarlyAdopters

    • Early Adopters

      • Administration

      • Students

        • Affordability

        • Training

        • Redirecting

        • Challenging


    • Teachers

    • Parents

      • Curriculum

      • Support

      • Trialability


    Training needs
    Training Needs

    • Teacher

      • Development

      • Maintenance

      • Curriculum integration

    • Students

      • Navigation

      • Sharing files

      • Integrity/Cheating

      • Internet searches

      • Blogging

      • Podcasts


    Media Labs

    • Less flexible

    • More expensive

    • Space intensive

    • More maintenance

    • Requires strong security measures

    Stakeholder benefits

    Professors receive instructional support & interact with students

    Generate Future Leaders

    Students participate in collaborative activities

    Decentralized approach

    Pilot Courses

    Critical mass
    Critical Mass

    U.S. has critical mass in cell phone usage.

    Japan uses cell phones in education.

    Critical Mass not yet achieved in education in U.S. college classrooms.

    Fuse cell phone usage into Advanced Placement courses.

    Coordinate with college cell phone carrier to offer student discounted rate plans as an incentive.

    Change agents
    Change Agents

    Agent #1

    Technology Coordinator

    Agent #2

    Pilot Course Faculty

    Roger’s Change Agent Roles

    Show need for cell phone integration

    Create Pilot Course Cohort

    Create Student Voice Exchange

    Offer incentive to try course

    Student Satisfaction Survey

    Amalgamate with Blackboard

    Offer other courses using same model


    Excellence in Teaching

    Excellence in Innovation

    • Promote Technical Literacy

    • Promote Information Literacy

    • Decrease the Digital Divide

    • Multiple Intelligence Theory

    • Uses Existing Platform Resources


    Creative Integration



    Google & Podcasts

    Twitter’s Hoot

    iTunes University

    1,000’s more Apps…

    Communication & Collaboration


    Discussion Threads

    Photos, Videos, & Music

    AOL, MSN Messenger, Skype Mobile

    Blogging, Wikis, & Social Networking


    Hey, Professor!

    Do you think U.S. educators will ever embrace cell phones in the collegiate classroom?

    Social Change



    Kolb, L. (2007). Cell phones as classroom learning tools. [audio]. Retrieved January 12, 2011, from http://k12onlineconference.org/?p=109

    Prensky, M. (2004). What can you learn from a cell phone? Almost anything.

    Innovation. Retrieved January 6, 2010, from


    Rogers, Everett, M. (2008). Diffusion of innovations (5th ed.). New York, NY: Free Press.

    Thornton, P., & Houser, C. (2005). Using mobile phones in English education in Japan. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 21(3), 217-228. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2729.2005.00129.x

    Wagner, E. D. (2005). Mobile learning.Educause. Retrieved January 7, 2011,

    from http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/erm0532.pdf