the imperfect tense
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The Imperfect Tense. - saying what someone was doing. Use: to say was doing or used to do Form you need 3 things: a subject the stem the correct ending. To form the stem : decide on the infinitive you need find the present tense of this verb take the nous part

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the imperfect tense

The Imperfect Tense

- saying what someone was doing

slide2
Use:
  • to say was doing or used to do

Form

  • you need 3 things:
  • a subject
  • the stem
  • the correct ending
slide3
To form the stem:
  • decide on the infinitive you need
  • find the present tense of this verb
  • take the nous part
  • remove the –ons ending

For example:

allerallonsall

now add the correct endings
ais

ais

ait

ions

iez

aient

Now add the correct endings:

je

tu

il / elle/

on

nous

vous

ils/

elles

slide5

The only exception is…

être

êtrenous sommes

BUT stem = ét

For example: j’étais – I was

vous étiez – you were

ils étaient – they were

some examples
Some examples
  • I was doing – je faisais
  • he was dancing – il dansait
  • they were eating – ils mangeaient
  • we were finishing – nous finissions
  • you were selling – vous vendiez
a sneaky tip
A sneaky tip…
  • For many –er and -re verbs you can simply remove the infinitive ending and then add the imperfect endings.
  • BUT for –ir verbs you must add an -iss

je vendais

je regardais

je finissais

For example:

vendre

regarder

finir

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