The imperfect tense
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The Imperfect Tense. - saying what someone was doing. Use: to say was doing or used to do Form you need 3 things: a subject the stem the correct ending. To form the stem : decide on the infinitive you need find the present tense of this verb take the nous part

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The imperfect tense

The Imperfect Tense

- saying what someone was doing


Use:

  • to say was doing or used to do

    Form

  • you need 3 things:

  • a subject

  • the stem

  • the correct ending


To form the stem:

  • decide on the infinitive you need

  • find the present tense of this verb

  • take the nous part

  • remove the –ons ending

For example:

allerallonsall


Now add the correct endings

ais

ais

ait

ions

iez

aient

Now add the correct endings:

je

tu

il / elle/

on

nous

vous

ils/

elles


The only exception is…

être

êtrenous sommes

BUT stem = ét

For example: j’étais – I was

vous étiez – you were

ils étaient – they were


Some examples
Some examples

  • I was doing – je faisais

  • he was dancing – il dansait

  • they were eating – ils mangeaient

  • we were finishing – nous finissions

  • you were selling – vous vendiez


A sneaky tip
A sneaky tip…

  • For many –er and -re verbs you can simply remove the infinitive ending and then add the imperfect endings.

  • BUT for –ir verbs you must add an -iss

je vendais

je regardais

je finissais

For example:

vendre

regarder

finir


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