L imparfait the imperfect tense
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L’imparfait (The imperfect tense). Le Passé Composé is used to describe completed actions of specific past events. L’Imparfait is a past verb tense that is used to describe: What people or things were like Repeated or habitual actions in the past; what used to happen

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L’imparfait (The imperfect tense)

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L’imparfait(The imperfect tense)


Le Passé Composé is used to describe completed actions of specific past events.


L’Imparfait is a past verb tense that is used to describe:

  • What people or things were like

  • Repeated or habitual actions in the past; what used to happen

  • General conditions in the past; to tell what was going on

  • Weather conditions


The imperfect can be translated as:

…was/were ______(verb)______ ing

or

…used to ____(verb)___________


To form the imparfait:

  • Conjugate the verb in the present tense “nous” form.

    ex – regarder nous regardons

    2. Drop the “-ons” to form the stem.

    regardons regard-


je -ais

tu -ais

il/elle/on -ait

nous -ions

vous -iez

ils/elles -aient

3. Then, add the following endings:


Examples:

écouter nous écoutons

2. stem écout


j’écoutais

tu écoutais

il écoutais

nous écoutions

vous écoutiez

elles écoutaient

3. Add the following endings:


Examples:

Où est-ce que tu habitais avant?

J’habitais à Chicago.

Qu’est-ce que vous faisiez à six heures?

Nous finissions nos devoirs.


The imperfect can be translated as:

Where did you live before?

I lived (used to live) in Chicago.

What were you doing at 6?

We were finishing our homework.


Irregular Stems in the Imperfect:

être ét-

avoir av-


Examples:

1. Quand j’étais jeune, ma famille habitait à la campagne.

2. Quand nous avions huit ans, ma soeur et moi, nous faisions du roller en ligne.

Can you translate these into English?


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