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Unit 3 – Latin America. Governments . Latin American Governments. All countries have their own government Focus in this unit on Cuba Puerto Rico Mexico Venezuela Haiti Panama . Republic of Cuba. Unitary Government – one strong central govt. that controls smaller units.

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Unit 3 – Latin America

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Unit 3 latin america

Unit 3 – Latin America

Governments


Latin american governments

Latin American Governments

  • All countries have their own government

  • Focus in this unit on

  • Cuba

  • Puerto Rico

  • Mexico

  • Venezuela

  • Haiti

  • Panama


Republic of cuba

Republic of Cuba

  • Unitary Government – one strong central govt. that controls smaller units.

  • One political party allowed in Cuba – Communist Party of Cuba (PCC) since 1959

  • Communist dictatorship – citizens DO NOT elect the president

  • President is appointed by National Assembly of People’s Power

  • Citizen’s can vote for candidates in the National Assembly, BUT (PCC) chooses candidates…see how that works???

    • LET’S LOOK AGAIN


Who s in control each step

Who’s in control each step???

Step 1Step 2Step 3

President is appointed by members of the National Assembly

Public can only vote on those candidates chosen by the PCC

PCC chooses the only candidates that can run for the National Assembly


Cuba fidel

Cuba Fidel

  • Communist

  • Current President – Raul Castro, Fidel’s brother

  • Suffrage rights – Men and women @ 16

  • Govt. controls nearly all aspects of life

  • Little opportunity to own private property

  • Large govt. and controls all businesses, Raul

    factories, and farms.

    • Govt. does not like to trade internationally so many

      shortages on foreign-made products

      • rationed foods ex: rice and meat

      • Motor Oil

      • School Supplies – chalk, books, paper, etc.

        Raul


Puerto rico

Puerto Rico

  • Government – Republic

  • It is a self-governing commonwealth of the United States. A territory that runs itself politically, but is associated with another country.

  • 3 branches:

    • Executive

      • Chief of State – President of US

      • Head of state is a Governor - Alejandro Padilla

        • Elected every 4 years

    • Legislative

      • Senate and House of Reps (bicameral)

        • Elected every 4 years

    • Judicial

      • Court system


Puerto ricans vs us citizens

Puerto Ricans vs. US Citizens

  • Puerto Ricans

    • Are US citizens

    • Have their own flag, but do fly US flag

    • Use US currency

    • Do pay taxes

    • Use the US postal service

    • Have their own Constitution

    • Can join US military

    • Have their own Olympic team

    • Have their own Miss Universe

  • Can NOT vote if they live on the island

  • Have NO representation in Congress

  • Do NOT file federal income taxes (unless they work for fed. Govt)


Mexico

Mexico

  • Federal Republic – government is divided between the central government & state governments

  • Presidential Democracy – citizens elect President who serves 1 – six year term.

    • Can also elect members of Congress

  • Current President - Enrique Peña Nieto

  • 3 branches of government

  • 31 States

  • Citizens enjoy many freedoms, including

    right to vote

    • Suffrage @ 18


Venezuela then

Venezuela…THEN

  • United Socialist Party – believe the govt. should own and control the means of producing goods.

  • President - Hugo Chavez 1999-2013

    • Mentor Fidel Castro (Cuba)

  • Loved by poor

    • Set up social programs, clinics,

  • Hated by middle and upper class

    • Nationalized land and industries

  • Venezuela and US relations – disagree with political policies

    • But…there are trading benefits …especially OIL for US!


Venezuela now

Venezuela…NOW

  • Federal republic – central & state govts.

  • President – elected by public, secret ballots

    • Current – Nicolas Maduro

  • Relations with US

    • US trying to improve with new regime

  • States

    • 23 states

    • 311 islands


  • Republic of haiti

    Republic of Haiti

    • Republic – 3 branches

    • Executive

      • President – Michel Martelly (elected 5 yr. term)

      • Prime Minister - Laurent Lamothe(appointed)

      • Cabinet (appointed by Pres. and PM)

    • Legislative

      • Senate and Chamber of Deputies(elected)

    • Judicial

      • Supreme Court

    • Poorest country in Western Hemisphere

    Pres. on right


    Panama

    Panama

    • 1983 – 1989 - Manuel Noreiga ruled as dictator

    • Currently - Constitutional Democracy

    • President - Ricardo Martinelli

    • 3 branches

    • Multiparty system

    • Panama Canal

      • Built 1904-1914 and owned by US

      • 1999 US returned control to Panama

      • $5.2 billion project to expand canal


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