INTEGRATED SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND
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INTEGRATED SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND URBAN RENEWAL STRATEGIES DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT. PURPOSE & OUTLINE. GENERAL UPDATE OUTLINE: Mandate of Government Case for ISRDS and URS Status of URS Key elements of ISRDS Way Forward Issues.

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Purpose outline

INTEGRATED SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND URBAN RENEWAL STRATEGIESDEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT


Purpose outline

PURPOSE & OUTLINE

  • GENERAL UPDATE

  • OUTLINE:

    • Mandate of Government

    • Case for ISRDS and URS

    • Status of URS

    • Key elements of ISRDS

    • Way Forward Issues


Mandate of post 1994 government

MANDATE OF POST 1994 GOVERNMENT

  • TACKLE LEGACY OF APARTHEID COLONIALSIM, POVERTY AND UNDER-DEVELOPMENT:

    • Profound imbalances in the space economy;

    • Gross disparities in the levels of social and human development;

    • Inequitable access to basic services;

    • High levels of unemployment;

    • 70% of SA’s poor reside in rural areas.


Case for isrds and urs

CASE FOR ISRDS AND URS

  • Addresses and is informed by:

    • Continued persistence of massive socio-economic, infrastructure and spatial imbalances

    • Renewed focus on micro and local economic development imperatives that aim to complement and sustain the existing levels of macro-economic stability

    • Programmatic and developmental approach - informed by the lessons of 6 years of democractic government

    • Decentralisation of decision making and the setting of priorities at a local level


Case for isrds and urs1

CASE FOR ISRDS AND URS

  • Addresses and is informed by:

    • Greater focus on integration and acceleration of service delivery and development

    • Necessity for development partnerships to ensure the success of each of the programmes;

    • Poverty targeting and alleviation is an explicit objective; and

    • New geographical map of development and under-development.


Urban renewal strategy

URBAN RENEWAL STRATEGY

  • Cities and metropolitan areas are engines of growth in South Africa

  • 60% of SA’s population reside in metropolitan areas

  • Massive and stark disparities and problems in urban areas:

    • high unemployment

    • infrastructure backlogs

    • high levels of crime

    • poor systems of governance


Urban renewal strategy1

URBAN RENEWAL STRATEGY

INITIAL FOCUS ON 8 URBAN LOCATIONS:

  • Khayelitsha and Mitchells Plain in the Western Cape;

  • KwaMashu and Inanda in KwaZulu-Natal;

  • Mdantsane and Motherwell in the Eastern Cape;

  • Alexandra Township in Gauteng; and

  • Galeshewe in the Northern Cape.


Case of alexandra

CASE OF ALEXANDRA

  • CORE PROBLEMS:

    • Serious Governance challenges

    • Appalling socio-economic and living conditions

  • VISION:

    “The people, both abled and disabled of Alexandra envisage an empowered, educated, self-sufficient and peaceful (crime-free) suburb, with an acceptable living environment, sustainable jobs and a good future for our children.”

  • INTEGRATED REDEVELOPMENT STRATEGY AND PROGRAMME:

    • 7 key strategies

    • Financial implications clearly outlined (R1.3bn, 7yrs)


Purpose outline

ISRDS VISION“Socially cohesive, resilient and stable rural communities that are economically empowered and productive contributing substantially to South Africa’s growth and global competitiveness.”


Pillars

Pillars

  • Integration

  • Coordination

  • Decentralisation

  • Demand-driven

  • Partnerships

  • Diversity


Key isrds features

KEY ISRDS FEATURES

  • 10 YEAR HORIZON (2001 - 2010)

  • PHASED IMPLEMENTATION PLAN

  • 1 JULY 2001: ROLL-OUT BEGINS

  • TARGETED NODAL FOCUS

  • ANNOUNCE 30 NODES BY END OF 2001

  • ESTIMATED THAT 10 MILLION PEOPLE WILL DIRECTLY BENEFIT (250 000 - 500 000 PEOPLE PER NODE)


Approved nodes

O.R. Tambo

EG Kei

Umzinyathi

Umkhanyakude

Sekhukhune

Eastern Municipality

Ukwahlamba

North East

Ugu

Zululand Municipality

Central Karoo

Thabo Mofutsantyane

Kalahari-Kgalagadi

Approved Nodes


Elements of the methodology for nodal selection

Elements of the Methodology for Nodal Selection

1 Engaged & evaluated a range of data sets and organisations

2 Selected three broad sets of criteria: Poverty, Infrastructure, and Institutional Capacity, each with a sub-set of variables. Criteria are needs-based

3 Variables weightedand scored to rank District Councils (DC’s).

4 Generated matrix (list) and maps of ranked DC’s according to criteria and proposed weighting of variables

5 Ranking reflects and confirms a hierarchy of underdevelopment


Nodal delivery basket of services

ABET

PHC Feeding Scheme

Rural Housing

Rural finance institutions

Enterprise development

Welfare Services

Kick-start Youth Prog.

Housing support centres

Telecentres

Women in construction

LED

Cooperatives

Basic Infrastructure

Community-based Public Works Programme

Working for Water

Khula start

Community Water & Sanitation

Technology Centres

Eco-tourism

Land Care

Cultural Industries

Food Security

Energy Centres

Parastatal Programmes

Private Sector Programmes

Nodal Delivery - Basket of Services


Cross cutting programmes

Cross-cutting programmes

  • Land Reform

  • Community-based Income generation

  • Rural Finance

  • Basic Infrastructure

  • Social Assistance & Safety Nets

  • Affirmative Procurement

  • Human Resource Development

  • Local Government and Institution Building

  • Focus on gender, disability, elderly and children


Institutional arrangements

INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

  • Premised on pivotal role of local government in setting local priorities coordinating delivery

    • IDPS KEY STRATEGIC PLANNING INSTRUMENT

  • National and provincial have critical support roles within an agreed IGR framework

  • Department of Provincial and Local government (DPLG) - national coordinating department

  • Independent Development Trust (IDT) - support agency to government

  • Partnerships with civil society and private sector


Financing mechanisms

Financing mechanisms

  • Infrastructure funds

  • Poverty Alleviation Budget

  • Line function departments (all spheres)

  • Parastatals & public entities

  • Private sector

  • Donor agencies


Some way forward issues

SOME WAY FORWARD ISSUES

  • URS: Need greater coherence and a national strategy

  • ISRDS:

    • Focus on 1 July 2001 (Interim IDPs)

    • Finalising strategy and implementation plan

    • Building local government institutional and delivery capacity

    • Commitments Register (national / provincial)

    • IGR and delivery framework

    • Monitoring and evaluation system

      “SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT DEPENDS ON GOOD GOVERNANCE”


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