INTEGRATED SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND
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INTEGRATED SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND URBAN RENEWAL STRATEGIES DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT. PURPOSE & OUTLINE. GENERAL UPDATE OUTLINE: Mandate of Government Case for ISRDS and URS Status of URS Key elements of ISRDS Way Forward Issues.

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INTEGRATED SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND URBAN RENEWAL STRATEGIESDEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT


PURPOSE & OUTLINE

  • GENERAL UPDATE

  • OUTLINE:

    • Mandate of Government

    • Case for ISRDS and URS

    • Status of URS

    • Key elements of ISRDS

    • Way Forward Issues


MANDATE OF POST 1994 GOVERNMENT

  • TACKLE LEGACY OF APARTHEID COLONIALSIM, POVERTY AND UNDER-DEVELOPMENT:

    • Profound imbalances in the space economy;

    • Gross disparities in the levels of social and human development;

    • Inequitable access to basic services;

    • High levels of unemployment;

    • 70% of SA’s poor reside in rural areas.


CASE FOR ISRDS AND URS

  • Addresses and is informed by:

    • Continued persistence of massive socio-economic, infrastructure and spatial imbalances

    • Renewed focus on micro and local economic development imperatives that aim to complement and sustain the existing levels of macro-economic stability

    • Programmatic and developmental approach - informed by the lessons of 6 years of democractic government

    • Decentralisation of decision making and the setting of priorities at a local level


CASE FOR ISRDS AND URS

  • Addresses and is informed by:

    • Greater focus on integration and acceleration of service delivery and development

    • Necessity for development partnerships to ensure the success of each of the programmes;

    • Poverty targeting and alleviation is an explicit objective; and

    • New geographical map of development and under-development.


URBAN RENEWAL STRATEGY

  • Cities and metropolitan areas are engines of growth in South Africa

  • 60% of SA’s population reside in metropolitan areas

  • Massive and stark disparities and problems in urban areas:

    • high unemployment

    • infrastructure backlogs

    • high levels of crime

    • poor systems of governance


URBAN RENEWAL STRATEGY

INITIAL FOCUS ON 8 URBAN LOCATIONS:

  • Khayelitsha and Mitchells Plain in the Western Cape;

  • KwaMashu and Inanda in KwaZulu-Natal;

  • Mdantsane and Motherwell in the Eastern Cape;

  • Alexandra Township in Gauteng; and

  • Galeshewe in the Northern Cape.


CASE OF ALEXANDRA

  • CORE PROBLEMS:

    • Serious Governance challenges

    • Appalling socio-economic and living conditions

  • VISION:

    “The people, both abled and disabled of Alexandra envisage an empowered, educated, self-sufficient and peaceful (crime-free) suburb, with an acceptable living environment, sustainable jobs and a good future for our children.”

  • INTEGRATED REDEVELOPMENT STRATEGY AND PROGRAMME:

    • 7 key strategies

    • Financial implications clearly outlined (R1.3bn, 7yrs)


ISRDS VISION“Socially cohesive, resilient and stable rural communities that are economically empowered and productive contributing substantially to South Africa’s growth and global competitiveness.”


Pillars

  • Integration

  • Coordination

  • Decentralisation

  • Demand-driven

  • Partnerships

  • Diversity


KEY ISRDS FEATURES

  • 10 YEAR HORIZON (2001 - 2010)

  • PHASED IMPLEMENTATION PLAN

  • 1 JULY 2001: ROLL-OUT BEGINS

  • TARGETED NODAL FOCUS

  • ANNOUNCE 30 NODES BY END OF 2001

  • ESTIMATED THAT 10 MILLION PEOPLE WILL DIRECTLY BENEFIT (250 000 - 500 000 PEOPLE PER NODE)


O.R. Tambo

EG Kei

Umzinyathi

Umkhanyakude

Sekhukhune

Eastern Municipality

Ukwahlamba

North East

Ugu

Zululand Municipality

Central Karoo

Thabo Mofutsantyane

Kalahari-Kgalagadi

Approved Nodes


Elements of the Methodology for Nodal Selection

1 Engaged & evaluated a range of data sets and organisations

2 Selected three broad sets of criteria: Poverty, Infrastructure, and Institutional Capacity, each with a sub-set of variables. Criteria are needs-based

3 Variables weightedand scored to rank District Councils (DC’s).

4 Generated matrix (list) and maps of ranked DC’s according to criteria and proposed weighting of variables

5 Ranking reflects and confirms a hierarchy of underdevelopment


ABET

PHC Feeding Scheme

Rural Housing

Rural finance institutions

Enterprise development

Welfare Services

Kick-start Youth Prog.

Housing support centres

Telecentres

Women in construction

LED

Cooperatives

Basic Infrastructure

Community-based Public Works Programme

Working for Water

Khula start

Community Water & Sanitation

Technology Centres

Eco-tourism

Land Care

Cultural Industries

Food Security

Energy Centres

Parastatal Programmes

Private Sector Programmes

Nodal Delivery - Basket of Services


Cross-cutting programmes

  • Land Reform

  • Community-based Income generation

  • Rural Finance

  • Basic Infrastructure

  • Social Assistance & Safety Nets

  • Affirmative Procurement

  • Human Resource Development

  • Local Government and Institution Building

  • Focus on gender, disability, elderly and children


INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

  • Premised on pivotal role of local government in setting local priorities coordinating delivery

    • IDPS KEY STRATEGIC PLANNING INSTRUMENT

  • National and provincial have critical support roles within an agreed IGR framework

  • Department of Provincial and Local government (DPLG) - national coordinating department

  • Independent Development Trust (IDT) - support agency to government

  • Partnerships with civil society and private sector


Financing mechanisms

  • Infrastructure funds

  • Poverty Alleviation Budget

  • Line function departments (all spheres)

  • Parastatals & public entities

  • Private sector

  • Donor agencies


SOME WAY FORWARD ISSUES

  • URS: Need greater coherence and a national strategy

  • ISRDS:

    • Focus on 1 July 2001 (Interim IDPs)

    • Finalising strategy and implementation plan

    • Building local government institutional and delivery capacity

    • Commitments Register (national / provincial)

    • IGR and delivery framework

    • Monitoring and evaluation system

      “SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT DEPENDS ON GOOD GOVERNANCE”


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