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National Safety Code in. April 22, 2004. What is NSC?. The National Safety Code (NSC) is a set of safety standards for motor carriers, drivers and vehicles operating in Canada. Provides support through regulation for drivers and carriers to implement management processes to improve safety.

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National safety code in

National Safety Code in

April 22, 2004


What is nsc
What is NSC?

  • The National Safety Code (NSC) is a set of safety standards for motor carriers, drivers and vehicles operating in Canada.

  • Provides support through regulation for drivers and carriers to implement management processes to improve safety.


How was the nsc established
How was the NSC established?

  • In 1989 the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators (CCMTA) established the NSC standards.

  • All provinces and territories have adopted the NSC standards and use them to develop their own regulations.


Nsc weight threshold
NSC Weight Threshold

  • Vehicles included in NSC in BC are:

    • Trucks or truck tractors with GVW exceeding 5000 kg

    • Buses

    • Vehicles licensed under the Motor Carrier operating authority (taxis and buses)


Carrier s obligations
Carrier’s Obligations

  • As a carrier, you are responsible for:

    • educating yourself and all drivers who work under your Safety Certificate

    • ensuring that all vehicles that are operated under your Safety Certificate are properly maintained


Carrier s obligations cont
Carrier’s Obligations Cont.

  • ensuring only competent and qualified drivers drive your vehicles

  • establishing policies for monitoring hours of service, vehicle maintenance, safety programs, and ensuring your safety policies are followed


Carrier profile elements
Carrier Profile Elements

  • Carrier profile incorporates all of the information as required by NSC Standard 14

  • Points are assigned for:

    • OOS CVSA’s (3)

    • At-fault Accidents (2, 4, 6)

    • Deemed Guilty Contraventions (1, 2, 3, 5)

    • All info. received through CDE on the above


Requesting a carrier profile
Requesting a Carrier Profile

  • Fax request to (250) 952-0578

  • Include carrier name, NSC number, and specific date range (if applicable)

  • Carrier profiles are provided to the carrier free of charge


Progressive intervention process risk bands
Progressive Intervention Process - Risk Bands

  • Carriers are divided into 7 risk bands based on fleet size


Progressive intervention process thresholds
Progressive Intervention Process - Thresholds

  • Within each risk band, the provincial median is calculated in each of the 4 categories:

    • Contraventions

    • Inspections

    • Accidents

    • Total Points

  • Thresholds for warning letter, interview, audit, and hearing are established based on the median in each risk band


  • Progressive intervention process carrier profile scores
    Progressive Intervention Process - Carrier Profile Scores

    • Points are calculated using a 12-month moving window (12 months is established from deemed convicted date)

    • Points are based on a per vehicle score (established by dividing the points by the 12-month average fleet size) Note: 1 vehicle=365 days of licensing


    Progressive intervention process warning letter
    Progressive Intervention Process - Warning Letter

    • Warning Letters are triggered automatically at the beginning of each month

    • 1545 carriers (or 6.9% of active carriers) were triggered for a warning letter in 2003


    Progressive intervention process interview
    Progressive Intervention Process - Interview

    • Carrier interviews are triggered at the beginning of each month.

    • 461 carriers (or 2.1% of active carriers) participated in an interview in 2003

    • Other sources of interviews are:

      • Carrier selected for random audit (not previously interviewed or audited)

      • Carrier Requested

      • Requested by enforcement or 3rd party


    Progressive intervention process audit
    Progressive Intervention Process - Audit

    • Carrier audits are triggered at the beginning of each month.

    • 379 audits (or 1.7% of active carriers) were conducted in 2003

    • Other sources of audits are:

      • Random (Clean, NSC Random, Motor Carrier Random)

      • Follow-up (1st or 2nd follow-up)

      • Carrier Requested

      • Requested by enforcement or 3rd party


    Progressive intervention process
    Progressive Intervention Process

    • Warning Letter

    • Carrier Interview

    • Quantifiable Audit

    • Show Cause Hearing


    Carrier audit
    Carrier Audit

    • Audit points are assigned on the basis of non-compliance

    • Audit statuses are assigned as follows:

      • 1-10 points - Satisfactory

      • 10.1-20 points - Conditional

      • 20.1+ points - Unsatisfactory



    Record keeping
    Record-keeping

    • Records must be kept for the four areas of your NSC obligations:

      • drivers

      • hours of service

      • vehicles

      • special safety requirements


    Driver records
    Driver Records

    • You must keep records on each of the following for every driver who works under your Safety Certificate:

      • driver license

      • transportation of dangerous goods training certificates

      • driver abstracts

      • driver incident records


    Hours of service
    Hours of Service

    • As a carrier, you are responsible for ensuring that your drivers obey hours-of-service regulations

    • Drivers of almost all NSC vehicles must follow these rules.


    Hours of service cont
    Hours of Service Cont.

    • Your obligations are to:

      • understand the hours-of-service rules

      • ensure your drivers do not drive for longer periods than they are legally allowed to do


    Hours of service cont1
    Hours of Service Cont.

    • ensure your drivers get the rest periods they are required to have

    • keep accurate records that show your drivers are working within the legal limits


    Vehicle maintenance
    Vehicle Maintenance

    • You must ensure every vehicle that operates under your Safety Certificate is properly maintained.


    Vehicle records
    Vehicle Records

    • As a carrier, you must:

      • Retain all manufacturer recall notices and evidence of corrective action

      • Retain all vehicle maintenance, inspection, and repair records

      • Maintain, inspect, and repair all vehicles according to the regulations


    Vehicle records cont
    Vehicle Records Cont.

    • Ensure trip inspections are properly conducted

    • Take appropriate action on all defects found during trip inspections

    • Ensure you retain all required trip inspection reports


    Safety rating legislation
    Safety Rating Legislation

    • 4-level Safety Rating process implemented November 2001

    • Enacted in BC legislation under the Motor Vehicle Act Regulations (MVAR 37.061) on April 2, 2001


    Rating carriers in bc
    Rating Carriers in BC

    • Safety ratings are assigned to BC base-plated carriers only

    • All BC Carriers receive a Safety rating.

    • On December 31, 2003, there were 22,259 active base plated carriers in BC


    Safety rating categories
    Safety Rating Categories

    • BC may assign one of four safety ratings

      to a carrier (MVAR 37.061):

      • Satisfactory-Unaudited

      • Satisfactory

      • Conditional

      • Unsatisfactory*

  • Active in 2003:



  • Progressive intervention process show cause hearing
    Progressive Intervention Process - Show Cause Hearing

    • 22 NSC certificates were cancelled in 2003

    • Audits are conducted prior to a recommendation for cancellation

    • CCMTA is notified when a decision is reached to cancel a certificate in BC











    Hours of Service

    • Summary of Changes

    • Requirement for 10 hours off within every 24 hours

    • Limitation to 14 hours of elapsed time between periods of 8 hours off

    • 48 hour averaging

    • Must identify cycle

    • 36/72 hours off to switch cycles or reset cycle

    • Only team drivers can split sleeper time

    • 2 cycles - 70 hours in 7 days

    • - 120 hours in 14 days

    • Once in every 14 days a driver must take at least 24 hours off duty


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