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1. Pacifism By: Chad, Daria, Erin and JC
2. What is Pacifism/non-resistance The opposition to war or violence
Opposition to self defense
belief in peaceful acts between humans
3. What is the Theory of Non-Violence? The theory is that non violence should be used to solve problems without aggressiveness and solved constructively
4. People who have advocated for pacifism/non-violence. Martin Luther King Jr.
5. Arguments Against Pacifism Some believe that committing acts of violence prevents more violence
People say that pacifism takes away a person’s right to defend themselves
Some say that political advancements of pacifism were made possible by violent acts
6. Bertrand Russell One of the most influential philosophical thinkers of the 20th century
Tried to prevent chemical warfare
Not a complete pacifist
7. Who was Mahatma Gandhi Pioneer of Satyagraha - the resistance of tyranny through mass civil disobedience
Believed that all problems were best dealt with non-violently
Known as “Father of the Nation” in India
Many reinterpreted his philosophies including Martin Luther King Jr.
8. Western Interpretations of Gandhi’s Philosophy Reinterpreted from Hindu to Christianity
Gandhi was not pacifist- believed evil must be fought against(best non-violently)
Believed in passive resistance
People believed that Gandhi’s philosophy wanted complete non-violence
9. History of Pacifism in the 20th Century March protests in Washington DC about racial segregation.
Marches in the 1970s about women’s rights, peace, civil rights and environmental movements.
1869-1948 Gandhi-spiritual leader of India
1929-1968 Martin Luther King Jr. lead civil rights movement.
10. Peace Movements of the 20th Century 1933- Catholic worker movement
1940- American Peace Mobilization formed to keep USA out of World War 2
1955-1968- civil rights movement
1970’s- marches about women’s rights, peace, civil rights, and environmental movements
11. Primary Source “ When I despair, I remember that all through history the way of truth and love has always won. There have been tyrants and murders and for a time they seem invincible, but in the end, they always fall - think of it always.”
12. Key Points Pacifism - opposition to war and violence
Gandhi believed that all problems were best dealt with non-violently
People believe that violence can actually prevent more violence
Bertrand Russell opposed the use and possession of nuclear weapons
Martin Luther King Jr. used Gandhi’s philosophy during the civil rights movement
Early 1920s and 1930s pacifism arised
Sept. 16th 1940 - First draft is signed. All males 21-36 must enrole in the army.
Nov. 14th 1940 - Trial for Union 8 Seminary students jailed for refusing draft
1949 - Gandhi Assassinated
1960s - 1970s protests in Washington DC
Aug 28 1963 - Martin Luther King Jr. gives “ I Have a Dream” speech in front of 250,000 people march.
14. Bibliography www.google.com
World Book 2001