Unit 1: Law, Justice, and You
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Unit 1: Law, Justice, and You. Chapter 2 Ethics in Our Law. Lesson 2.2 . Reasoning About Right and Wrong. 2.2 Reasoning About Right and Wrong. Goals : Reason based on consequences Reason using ethical rules Consequence-based reasoning

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Unit 1: Law, Justice, and You

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Unit 1 law justice and you

Unit 1: Law, Justice, and You

Chapter 2

Ethics in Our Law


Unit 1 law justice and you

Lesson 2.2

Reasoning About Right and Wrong


Unit 1 law justice and you

2.2 Reasoning About Right and Wrong

  • Goals:

    • Reason based on consequences

    • Reason using ethical rules

  • Consequence-based reasoning

    • Rightness or wrongness is based only on the results of the action

    • Recognizes that lying usually produces bad results

  • Ethical rules reasoning

    • Acts are either right or wrong

    • Lying is always wrong

3


Unit 1 law justice and you

Ethical Reasoning Based on Consequences

  • Three steps:

    • Describe alternative actions (1)

    • Forecast consequences (2)

    • Evaluate consequences (3)

4


Unit 1 law justice and you

Ethical Reasoning Based on Consequences

  • Describe alternative actions (1)

    • Actions that would improve the situation should be described

    • Evaluate alternatives

5


Unit 1 law justice and you

Ethical Reasoning Based on Consequences

  • Forecast consequences (2)

    • The consequences of each alternative must be described

    • Predict the future

6


Unit 1 law justice and you

Ethical Reasoning Based on Consequences

  • Evaluate consequences (3)

    • The consequences for each alternative must be evaluated

      • Standard for judging consequences as right or wrong

        • The Good: the primary goal toward which human life should be directed

      • Counting the persons affected

7


Unit 1 law justice and you

beauty

knowledge

justice

love

goals

liberty

power

truth

pleasure

THE GOOD

8


Unit 1 law justice and you

Fundamental Ethical Rules

  • The acts themselves are judged as right or wrong

  • Standard for judging comes from

    • A recognized authority or

    • Human reasoning

9


Unit 1 law justice and you

Fundamental Ethical Rules

  • Decisions based on authority

    • The law

    • Religious text

  • Decisions based on reasoning

    • Universalizing—picturing in your mind’s eye everyone in the world doing the action to decide if something is basically wrong

      • Is it irrational, illogical, or self-defeating?

10


Unit 1 law justice and you

Think About Legal Concepts

  • Page 24

    1.True

    2.a

    3.True

    4.True

    5.The Good

    6.True

11


Unit 1 law justice and you

Review: 2.2 Reasoning About Right and Wrong

  • Goals:

    • Reason based on consequences

    • Reason using ethical rules

  • Consequence-based reasoning

    • Rightness or wrongness is based only on the results of the action

    • Recognizes that lying usually produces bad results

  • Ethical rules reasoning

    • Acts are either right or wrong

    • Lying is always wrong

12


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