Art media and politics in mainland china
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Art, Media and Politics in Mainland China. CCCH9017 People, Propaganda and Profit: Understanding Media in China. Ling-Yun Tang, Dept. of Sociology, HKU November 10, 2010. “ Art Worlds”. Howard Becker (1982):

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Art media and politics in mainland china

Art, Media and Politics in Mainland China

CCCH9017

People, Propaganda and Profit: Understanding Media in China

Ling-Yun Tang, Dept. of Sociology, HKU

November 10, 2010


Art worlds

“Art Worlds”

Howard Becker (1982):

"the network of people whose cooperative activity, organized via their joint knowledge of conventional means of doing things, produce(s) the kind of art works that art world is noted for."

Factory 798, Beijing


Wang guangyi b 1956 great criticism series coca cola 2000

Wang Guangyi (b. 1956)“Great Criticism Series: Coca-Cola” (2000)


Wang guangyi b 1956 great criticism series chanel no 5 2001

Wang Guangyi (b. 1956)“Great Criticism Series: Chanel No. 5” (2001)


Fang lijun b 1963 series 2 no 2 1991 1992

Fang Lijun (b. 1963), “Series 2, No. 2” (1991-1992)


Yue minjun b 1962 a pyramid 2001

Yue Minjun (b. 1962)“A Pyramid” (2001)


Zhang xiaogang b 1958 bloodlines series 1995

Zhang Xiaogang (b. 1958)“Bloodlines Series” (1995)


Liu xiaodong b 1963 sanxia da yimin

Liu Xiaodong (b. 1963), “Sanxia Da Yimin”


Art and the new nation 1949 1956

Art and the new nation (1949-1956)

1954, Chairman Mao gives us a happy life

1950, Celebrating National Day

Source: chineseposters.net


Celebrating the great leap forward 1956 1960

Celebrating the Great Leap Forward (1956-1960)

1959, The virtues of the canteen system

1958, Study the Soviet Union

1958, People’s communes


Defining china s domestic and foreign image

Defining China’s domestic and foreign image

1962, Hard work and fragrant flowers

1965, Anti-American imperialism


The cultural revolution 1966 76

The Cultural Revolution (1966-76)

1968, MZD thought in literature and arts

1966, Building a new world with MZD thought

1970, Revolution and production


The post reform period progressing towards modernity

The post-reform period:progressing towards modernity

1986

1997, One country,

two systems

1987, One-child policy


Art world timeline 1949 1990s

Art world timeline (1949-1990s)

  • 1950s-60s: Artists born in these decades mandated to create politically correct art, serving Party, revolution

  • 1950: CAFA founded (Min. of Educ.)--introduced curriculum based on Marxism-Leninism and taught Soviet style socialist realism

  • 1966-76: CAFA at center of propaganda machine (did not ease up till Deng reforms)

  • Late-1970s: “art of the wounded”, Star Group

  • Mid-1980s: abstract expressionism, ‘80s wave

  • 1989-1992: freeze on exhibitions

  • 1990s: opening to global market; “Mao Craze”, Cynical Realist, Political Pop


Inside the chinese contemporary art scene

Inside the Chinese contemporary art scene

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hhsCDqGb_LE


Artists as provocateurs

Artists as provocateurs

  • Artists as cultural workers (1949-1976)

  • Artists as creators of unique works of art

  • Artists as entrepreneurs

  • Artists as partners in the process of “creative destruction” of cities

  • Artists as social commentators and critics

Ai Weiwei (b. 1957), “Sunflower Seeds” (2010), sculpture installation, Tate Modern, UK


Art media and politics in mainland china

2007, “Template” (before and after collapse), Kassel, Germany

1995, “Dropping a Han Dynasty Urn”


Li jikai b 1975 dirt 7 2001

Li Jikai (b. 1975) “Dirt 7” (2001)


Li jikai b 1975 break out of soil 2006

Li Jikai (b. 1975) “Break Out of Soil” (2006)


Wei jia b 1975 discover 2007

Wei Jia (b. 1975), “Discover” (2007)


Qiu xiaofei b 1977 pagoda of the discarded no 8 2008

Qiu Xiaofei (b. 1977)“Pagoda of the Discarded No. 8” (2008)


Han yajuan b 1980 vodka with red bull 2008

Han Yajuan (b. 1980) “Vodka with Red Bull” (2008)


Cao fei b 1978 cos players 2004

Cao Fei (b. 1978), “Cos Players” (2004)


Cao fei b 1978 whose utopia 2006 07

Cao Fei (b. 1978), “Whose Utopia” (2006-07)


Cao fei b 1978 rmb city 2008

Cao Fei (b. 1978), “RMB City” (2008)


Cao fei b 1978 rmb city 2008 characters china tracy and china sun

Cao Fei (b. 1978), “RMB City” (2008)(characters China Tracy and China Sun)


Chi peng b 1981 sprinting forward 2004

Chi Peng (b. 1981)“Sprinting Forward” (2004)


Infantization guodong shidai group show shanghai art museum may 28 2007

“Infantization” (Guodong Shidai) group show, Shanghai Art Museum, May 28, 2007


The rising tide

The Rising Tide

Dir. Robert Adanto (2008)

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mA3enB0G2sM (0:00-4:56)

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IlfaN_bz8bQ&feature=related (0:55-4:31)


Implications of art world development for state society relations

Implications of art world development for state-society relations

2010, Guangzhou Opera House

2005, condemned building, Beijing


Artists struggle for professional status kraus 2004

Artists’ struggle for professional status (Kraus 2004)

  • Viewing art as being “politicized” not very illuminating

  • For artists, commercial pressures have replaced political ones

  • Quest for professional autonomy--not simply artists being “rebels”

  • State now sharing patronage with diffuse commercial market

  • Artistic autonomy is not a matter of conscious policy

  • How to preserve “socialist spiritual civilization”?


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