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Art, Media and Politics in Mainland China. CCCH9017 People, Propaganda and Profit: Understanding Media in China. Ling-Yun Tang, Dept. of Sociology, HKU November 10, 2010. “ Art Worlds”. Howard Becker (1982):

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Art media and politics in mainland china

Art, Media and Politics in Mainland China

CCCH9017

People, Propaganda and Profit: Understanding Media in China

Ling-Yun Tang, Dept. of Sociology, HKU

November 10, 2010


Art worlds
Art Worlds”

Howard Becker (1982):

"the network of people whose cooperative activity, organized via their joint knowledge of conventional means of doing things, produce(s) the kind of art works that art world is noted for."

Factory 798, Beijing


Wang guangyi b 1956 great criticism series coca cola 2000
Wang Guangyi (b. 1956)“Great Criticism Series: Coca-Cola” (2000)


Wang guangyi b 1956 great criticism series chanel no 5 2001
Wang Guangyi (b. 1956)“Great Criticism Series: Chanel No. 5” (2001)



Yue minjun b 1962 a pyramid 2001
Yue Minjun (b. 1962)“A Pyramid” (2001)


Zhang xiaogang b 1958 bloodlines series 1995
Zhang Xiaogang (b. 1958)“Bloodlines Series” (1995)



Art and the new nation 1949 1956
Art and the new nation (1949-1956)

1954, Chairman Mao gives us a happy life

1950, Celebrating National Day

Source: chineseposters.net


Celebrating the great leap forward 1956 1960
Celebrating the Great Leap Forward (1956-1960)

1959, The virtues of the canteen system

1958, Study the Soviet Union

1958, People’s communes


Defining china s domestic and foreign image
Defining China’s domestic and foreign image

1962, Hard work and fragrant flowers

1965, Anti-American imperialism


The cultural revolution 1966 76
The Cultural Revolution (1966-76)

1968, MZD thought in literature and arts

1966, Building a new world with MZD thought

1970, Revolution and production


The post reform period progressing towards modernity
The post-reform period:progressing towards modernity

1986

1997, One country,

two systems

1987, One-child policy


Art world timeline 1949 1990s
Art world timeline (1949-1990s)

  • 1950s-60s: Artists born in these decades mandated to create politically correct art, serving Party, revolution

  • 1950: CAFA founded (Min. of Educ.)--introduced curriculum based on Marxism-Leninism and taught Soviet style socialist realism

  • 1966-76: CAFA at center of propaganda machine (did not ease up till Deng reforms)

  • Late-1970s: “art of the wounded”, Star Group

  • Mid-1980s: abstract expressionism, ‘80s wave

  • 1989-1992: freeze on exhibitions

  • 1990s: opening to global market; “Mao Craze”, Cynical Realist, Political Pop


Inside the chinese contemporary art scene
Inside the Chinese contemporary art scene

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hhsCDqGb_LE


Artists as provocateurs
Artists as provocateurs

  • Artists as cultural workers (1949-1976)

  • Artists as creators of unique works of art

  • Artists as entrepreneurs

  • Artists as partners in the process of “creative destruction” of cities

  • Artists as social commentators and critics

Ai Weiwei (b. 1957), “Sunflower Seeds” (2010), sculpture installation, Tate Modern, UK


2007, “Template” (before and after collapse), Kassel, Germany

1995, “Dropping a Han Dynasty Urn”


Li jikai b 1975 dirt 7 2001
Li Jikai (b. 1975) Germany“Dirt 7” (2001)


Li jikai b 1975 break out of soil 2006
Li Jikai (b. 1975) Germany“Break Out of Soil” (2006)



Qiu xiaofei b 1977 pagoda of the discarded no 8 2008
Qiu Xiaofei (b. 1977) Germany“Pagoda of the Discarded No. 8” (2008)


Han yajuan b 1980 vodka with red bull 2008
Han Yajuan (b. 1980) Germany“Vodka with Red Bull” (2008)





Cao fei b 1978 rmb city 2008 characters china tracy and china sun
Cao Fei (b. 1978), “RMB City” (2008) Germany(characters China Tracy and China Sun)


Chi peng b 1981 sprinting forward 2004
Chi Peng (b. 1981) Germany“Sprinting Forward” (2004)


Infantization guodong shidai group show shanghai art museum may 28 2007
GermanyInfantization” (Guodong Shidai) group show, Shanghai Art Museum, May 28, 2007


The rising tide
The Rising Tide Germany

Dir. Robert Adanto (2008)

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mA3enB0G2sM (0:00-4:56)

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IlfaN_bz8bQ&feature=related (0:55-4:31)


Implications of art world development for state society relations
Implications of art world development Germanyfor state-society relations

2010, Guangzhou Opera House

2005, condemned building, Beijing


Artists struggle for professional status kraus 2004
Artists’ struggle for professional status (Kraus 2004) Germany

  • Viewing art as being “politicized” not very illuminating

  • For artists, commercial pressures have replaced political ones

  • Quest for professional autonomy--not simply artists being “rebels”

  • State now sharing patronage with diffuse commercial market

  • Artistic autonomy is not a matter of conscious policy

  • How to preserve “socialist spiritual civilization”?


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