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Hunter’s Ed CHAPTER 2. Objectives: 1. To give a historical view on hunting. 2. Review values on hunting. 3. Explore current attitudes associated with hunting. ERA OF ABUNDANCE 1600-1849. Settlers harvested game in excess First bounty offered on wolves

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Hunter s ed chapter 2
Hunter’s EdCHAPTER 2


Objectives:1. To give a historical view on hunting.2. Review values on hunting.3. Explore current attitudes associated with hunting.


Era of abundance 1600 1849
ERA OF ABUNDANCE 1600-1849

Settlers harvested game in excess

First bounty offered on wolves

1646 closed hunting season for white tail deer


Aldo leopold
Aldo Leopold

  • In the 1930’s he saw that wildlife was disappearing.

  • Author of “Game Management”

  • Became the 1st step toward wildlife management


Era of exploitation 1850 1899
ERA OF EXPLOITATION1850-1899

Destruction of the buffalo

First salaried game warden

First hunting license

First national park - Yellowstone


Era of protection 1900 1929
ERA OF PROTECTION1900-1929

Lacey Act- prohibited game taken illegally in one state to be shipped across state boundaries contrary to the laws of the state where taken.

Pelican Island Florida - Federal bird reserve

Weeks-McLean Act- stopped the commercial hunting of migratory birds and the illegal shipment from state to state.


Era of game management 1930 1965
ERA OF GAME MANAGEMENT1930-1965

Wilderness Act of 1964:Provided for public lands to be set aside for the protection of wildlife.

There was an increase in public funding and effective conservation admin.

1934- Duck Stamp Act, Proceeds secure wetlands for breeding, migration stopover, and wintering of waterfowl


Era of environmental management 1966 present
ERA OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT 1966-PRESENT

Endangered Species Act, 1966 - authorized listing native endangered species and limited the importation of endangered species

National Environmental Policy Act, 1969- required Environmental Impact statements


Era of environmental management 1966 present1
ERA OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT 1966-PRESENT

Environmental Protection Agency 1970- founded

Nongame Wildlife Act, 1980- prohibited the taking of nongame species without permit or permission.


Conservation funding
Conservation Funding

  • Been provided mainly through legislation

  • Congress passed an Excise tax on the sale of firearms, known as the Pittman- Robertson Act.


Hunting traditions and values
Hunting Traditions and Values

  • Poaching - taking wildlife illegally. Caused more gaming laws to be strictly enforced.

  • Market hunting- shooting animals to support a growing demand for them

  • Values:

    • Economic Values- hunting provides a base for many rural towns


Values cont
Values cont.

  • Aesthetic Value- relating to beauty and appreciation.

  • Recreation- hunting offers physical exercise, excitement, fun, and a chance to escape.

  • Ecological- man is atop the food chain. Hunting is apart of the basic principals of ecology.

  • Management- hunting is the primary tool of wildlife management.


Average tx hunter 82
Average TX Hunter, ‘82

  • Average Hunter, age 15

  • Father introduced Hunting

  • Hunted for about 26 yrs

  • Seldom hunted outside of TX

  • Hunted Deer and dove

  • Had higher educational levels than hunters in other states


Phases of hunting
PHASES OF HUNTING

Phase 1- SHOOTER PHASE

Description- hunter in this stage talks about the satisfaction of just getting shots. Usually young or 1st time hunter.

Problem- lack of knowledge and skills with a strong desire to shoot.

Solution- concentrate on where the muzzle of the gun is. Be sure of the target, backstop or background. Know the safe zone.


Phase 2
PHASE 2

Phase 2- LIMITING OUT PHASE

Description- hunters in this stage are happy just to shoot their limit. Family and friends take a big role in this stage.

Problem- Attitude. Considered a “game hog.” overly concerned about getting the limit and bragging about it later.

Solution- game hog forgets about common courtesy, and may shoot other hunter’s game illegally. Responsible hunters do well to stay away from phase 2 hunters.


Phase 3
PHASE 3

Phase 3- TROPHY or SELECTIVE PHASE

Description- hunters in this stage express satisfaction in killing a wood duck or big buck. They pass up many chances to wait for “the big one” to come out.

Problem- money and ego. Sometimes the value or reward is so great, hunters act irresponsibly, sometimes illegally.

Solution- at this stage it is very important to demonstrate responsibility and restraint.


Phase 4
PHASE 4

Phase 4 METHOD PHASE

Description- specialized equipment is brought out. Decoys, boats, dogs, bow, etc. A lot of time in preparing to hunt.

Problem- Hunters in this stage should be especially concerned with their image toward non-hunters.

Solution- do not dominate conversations with hunting. Try not to intimidate non-hunters


Phase 5
PHASE 5

Phase 5 -SPORTSMAN PHASE

Description- hunter in this stage mellows out. They find satisfaction just being outdoors. Seasoned hunter.

Problem- concerned with habitat, ecosystem and loss of quality.

Solution- educate, not over educate


Phase 6
PHASE 6

Phase 6- GIVE BACK PHASE

Description- hunter in this stage wants to pass on the value of hunting, introducing others into hunting.

Problem- none


Assignment
ASSIGNMENT

Answer the following questions:

1. Why do you hunt? If not, why don’t you hunt? List the reasons.

2. From #1, which reasons are real reasons, AND which are benefits of hunting.

3. What stage are you at in hunting? Explain your theory.


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