Hunter’s Ed CHAPTER 2. Objectives: 1. To give a historical view on hunting. 2. Review values on hunting. 3. Explore current attitudes associated with hunting. ERA OF ABUNDANCE 1600-1849. Settlers harvested game in excess First bounty offered on wolves
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Settlers harvested game in excess
First bounty offered on wolves
1646 closed hunting season for white tail deer
Destruction of the buffalo
First salaried game warden
First hunting license
First national park - Yellowstone
Lacey Act- prohibited game taken illegally in one state to be shipped across state boundaries contrary to the laws of the state where taken.
Pelican Island Florida - Federal bird reserve
Weeks-McLean Act- stopped the commercial hunting of migratory birds and the illegal shipment from state to state.
Wilderness Act of 1964:Provided for public lands to be set aside for the protection of wildlife.
There was an increase in public funding and effective conservation admin.
1934- Duck Stamp Act, Proceeds secure wetlands for breeding, migration stopover, and wintering of waterfowl
Endangered Species Act, 1966 - authorized listing native endangered species and limited the importation of endangered species
National Environmental Policy Act, 1969- required Environmental Impact statements
Environmental Protection Agency 1970- founded
Nongame Wildlife Act, 1980- prohibited the taking of nongame species without permit or permission.
Phase 1- SHOOTER PHASE
Description- hunter in this stage talks about the satisfaction of just getting shots. Usually young or 1st time hunter.
Problem- lack of knowledge and skills with a strong desire to shoot.
Solution- concentrate on where the muzzle of the gun is. Be sure of the target, backstop or background. Know the safe zone.
Phase 2- LIMITING OUT PHASE
Description- hunters in this stage are happy just to shoot their limit. Family and friends take a big role in this stage.
Problem- Attitude. Considered a “game hog.” overly concerned about getting the limit and bragging about it later.
Solution- game hog forgets about common courtesy, and may shoot other hunter’s game illegally. Responsible hunters do well to stay away from phase 2 hunters.
Phase 3- TROPHY or SELECTIVE PHASE
Description- hunters in this stage express satisfaction in killing a wood duck or big buck. They pass up many chances to wait for “the big one” to come out.
Problem- money and ego. Sometimes the value or reward is so great, hunters act irresponsibly, sometimes illegally.
Solution- at this stage it is very important to demonstrate responsibility and restraint.
Phase 4 METHOD PHASE
Description- specialized equipment is brought out. Decoys, boats, dogs, bow, etc. A lot of time in preparing to hunt.
Problem- Hunters in this stage should be especially concerned with their image toward non-hunters.
Solution- do not dominate conversations with hunting. Try not to intimidate non-hunters
Phase 5 -SPORTSMAN PHASE
Description- hunter in this stage mellows out. They find satisfaction just being outdoors. Seasoned hunter.
Problem- concerned with habitat, ecosystem and loss of quality.
Solution- educate, not over educate
Phase 6- GIVE BACK PHASE
Description- hunter in this stage wants to pass on the value of hunting, introducing others into hunting.
Answer the following questions:
1. Why do you hunt? If not, why don’t you hunt? List the reasons.
2. From #1, which reasons are real reasons, AND which are benefits of hunting.
3. What stage are you at in hunting? Explain your theory.