The german tolling prospects
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The German Tolling Prospects. Edith Buss Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs. Legal Framework. Coalition agreement of October 1998 “ For the purpose of a fair allocation of infrastructure costs, the time-related motorway user charge for lorries will be

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The German Tolling Prospects

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The german tolling prospects

The German Tolling Prospects

Edith Buss

Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs


Legal framework

Legal Framework

  • Coalition agreement of October 1998

    “For the purpose of a fair allocation of infrastructure costs,

    the time-related motorway user charge for lorries will be

    replaced as early as possible with an electronic fee collection

    system based on the vehicle mileage. This will also contribute to shifting a certain percentage of goods carried to rail and waterway transport.”

  • 12 April 2002: Motorway toll act enters into law

    • HGVs with a maximum permissible weight of 12 t or more

    • Charges based on the exact number of kilometers driven

    • Non discrimination: Automatic and manual booking

    • Toll rates according to number of axles and emission categories: 9-14 cents/km

    • Earmarking of revenue

  • 1 January 2005

    • Tolling started on the Federal motorways


Objectives

Objectives

  • To introduce infrastructure charging based on the “user pays” principle

  • To secure funding for the further upgrading and maintenance of transport infrastructures

  • To provide an incentive to shift freight traffic to the rail and waterway modes, in the interests of the environment, and to deploy HGVs more efficiently

  • To promote innovative technologies


The german tolling prospects

Infrastructure

  • Germany

     One operator

    - 12,000 km

    - 2,200 motorway junctions

    - 250 motorway intersections

     HGVs subject to tolls

    - approx. 1.5 million HGVs

    - approx. 35 % foreign HGVs

    Mileage subject to tolls

    - approx. 22.7 bn km per year

    - approx. 35 % by foreign HGVs

    Comparison with ASECAP (2005)

    - 16 European countries

    - 126 operators

    - 24,600 km


From infrastructure costs to tolls

From Infrastructure Costs to Tolls

Total costs for motorways:€ 7.5 bn

Costs imposed by HGVs on motorways:€ 3.4 bn

Pro rata HGV mileage:22.7 bn km

Average toll rate:15 cents/km

To reduce burden on hauliers by € 600 million:

Average toll rate:12.4 cents/km

Pricing by axles

and emission classes:9 -14 cents/km


System structure

System structure

Automatic tolling

Manual booking

GPS

Internet

Terminal

Toll Collect

data processing

centre

@

HGV on-board unit

GSM

Toll revenue invoicing and

remuneration, toll recovery and fines

Satellite positioning via

GPS, data transmission

via mobile

communications

network

Federal Office

for Goods Transport


On board units 1 2

On-Board-Units (1/2)


On board units 2 2

On-Board-Units (2/2)

Internet

Terminal

OBU

90 %

10 %


Toll revenue 1 2

Toll revenue (1/2)

  • 2005:

  • € 2.86 billion (gross)

  • 2006:

  • € 3.08 billion (gross)


Integrated transport policy

Integrated Transport Policy

Toll revenue is used to improve transport infrastructure

  • 50 % for road infrastructure

  • 38 % for railways

  • 12 % for waterways


Enforcement 1 2

Enforcement (1/2)

  • Effective enforcement by means of spot checks

  • Four different types of spot check

    • Automatic checks backed up by video

    • Stationary checks following automatic checks

    • Mobile checks

    • Checks on the premises of German haulage companies


Enforcement 2 2

Enforcement (2/2)

  • Results of checks

    • Spot checks10 % of trips

    • Violationsbelow 2 % (original estimate: 5 %)

  • Fines up to € 20,000

  • Fines for first offenders:

    • Haulier (intentional offense) € 400

    • Haulier (negligence) € 200

    • Driver half the company fine in each case


Effects of the tolls

Effects of the Tolls

  • For the first time the proportion of empty long-distance journeys fell under 10 %

  • Number of empty kilometres in own-account operations fell by 7 %, which was higher than the fall in loaded kilometres (4 %)

  • Number of containers carried by train within 5 month approx. 7 % higher than in the same period of 2005

  • Share of cleaner vehicles rose


Interoperability and european transport policy 1 2

One Onboard-Unit, one contract

Interoperability and European Transport Policy (1/2)

Directive 2004/52/EC on interoperability of electronic road toll systems

Objectives

  • Appropriate level of interoperability at the European level

  • One single OBU, one single contract, one billing

  • Implementation of an European electronic toll service

    Technologies

  • Satellite positioning

  • Mobile communication using the GSM-GPRS standard

  • 5,8 GHz microwave technology

  • Recommendation for satellite positioning and mobile communication

    Underline importance of the GALILEO European satellite navigation system


Interoperability and european transport policy 2 2

Interoperability and European Transport Policy (2/2)

  • Interoperability with neighbour countries

    • German toll system has an interface for DSRC systems

    • Basis for interoperability with DSRC systems

  • Interoperability with Austria

    • German OBU will be able to levy tolls in Austria

    • First time interoperability between microwave und satellite based technology


Prospects

Prospects

  • HGV tolling: it is the key project in the reform of transport policy

  • Largest PPP project in Germany

    • HGV tolling means changeover to “user pays” principle

  • Toll Collect is competitive and a world leader in tolling technology

    • Support to industry in marketing

    • Great international interest (Europe, China, Russia, USA)

  • The stage has been set for intelligent traffic management systems:

    • Variation according to place and time of day

    • Value added services


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