community based energy and the revitalization of civic culture
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
COMMUNITY-BASED ENERGY AND THE REVITALIZATION OF CIVIC CULTURE

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 22

COMMUNITY-BASED ENERGY AND THE REVITALIZATION OF CIVIC CULTURE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 88 Views
  • Uploaded on

COMMUNITY-BASED ENERGY AND THE REVITALIZATION OF CIVIC CULTURE. Steven M. Hoffman, Ph.D. University of St. Thomas St. Paul, Minnesota USA Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development De Montfort University Leicester, England June 30, 2004. Acknowledgements. Dr. Patrick Devine-Wright

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' COMMUNITY-BASED ENERGY AND THE REVITALIZATION OF CIVIC CULTURE' - cassia


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
community based energy and the revitalization of civic culture

COMMUNITY-BASED ENERGY AND THE REVITALIZATION OF CIVIC CULTURE

Steven M. Hoffman, Ph.D.

University of St. Thomas

St. Paul, Minnesota

USA

Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development

De Montfort University

Leicester, England

June 30, 2004

acknowledgements
Acknowledgements
  • Dr. Patrick Devine-Wright
  • the staff and students of the Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development
america s associational life
America’s Associational Life
  • organizations offered social and political life beyond

immediate locale

  • followed a federalist model, i.e., a national office with

local membership

  • served as a training ground for democratic citizenship
  • explicitly political in their activities
contemporary civic organizations
Contemporary Civic Organizations
  • based on a management ethic
  • do things for people rather than doing things with people
  • ask people and members for money to build an expert staff capable of countering the arguments and policy papers offered by an opposing set of experts
exceptions to the rule
Exceptions to the Rule
  • the Christian Coalition, with its supporting think tanks such as the

Heritage Foundation and the American Enterprise Institute

  • mega-churches popular in the mushrooming communities of suburban

America

  • self-help organizations modeled along the lines of Alcoholics

Anonymous

  • some organizations in the environmental movement, particularly those

that come out of the environmental justice movement

reviving civic culture
Reviving Civic Culture
  • Social capital, i.e., networks of civic and

social relationships

  • Strong democracy or ‘politics in the

participatory mode’

  • Public spaces, i.e., deliberative polling and

citizens juries

what s wrong with polls and juries
What’s Wrong with Polls and Juries?
  • temporary and episodic, in existence only long enough to study a problem

in a fairly shallow way

  • no sustained, on-going engagement in identifying or implementing

community preferences

  • largely monastic process
  • not intended to create on-going connections with community institutions

after the process is completed

what do the people want
What Do THE PEOPLE Want?

Sustained engagement, robust deliberative possibilities, and the clear ability to affect policy outcomes;

or

“stealth” democracy, an as-if citizenship, and non-deliberative deliberation?

distributed generation
DISTRIBUTED GENERATION
  • small, modular power-generating technologies
  • generally using renewable fuels
  • potentially eliminates the transmission system by linking local generation with local consumption
  • would allow the grid to serve as a source of back-up power or as a purchaser of net-metered small-scale generators
locally owned or operated cbe systems
Locally-owned or operated CBE systems
  • more democratic
  • located closer to customer-citizen
  • therefore are more responsive to their values
  • is synonymous with a more sustainable energy system since they are based on DG technologies power by green fuels
case studies
CASE STUDIES
  • the origins of each of the selected initiatives
  • a chronology of the relevant events
  • the objectives of the initiative as understood by the principal partners
  • the challenges facing the project’s organizers
  • an overview of an initiative’s main activities
  • a technological profile
  • a detailed financial accounting of the project to date
  • the relationship of the initiative to the existing electrical system
the variety of cbe initiatives
The Variety of CBE Initiatives
  • objectives, i.e., technology-based programs such as wind, solar, biomass; energy-efficiency programs; educational programming; energy-efficiency or weatherization programs; community development
  • institutional options, i.e., volunteer-based, local utility, IOU-run, local government, NGOs or LLC
  • governance and the nature of citizen participation
  • ownership (which may or may not be the same as the institutional option)
  • scale and purpose, i.e., utility-scale, district-based, individual buildings, net-metered
  • geographic location (i.e., rural, small-town or urban center
content analysis
CONTENT ANALYSIS
  • examination of rhetoric and language to understand

values, beliefs and core ideas animating each initiative

  • review of content that is internally generated and

externally directed, i.e., newsletters, pamphlets, material

on the website, speeches

  • review of content that is externally generated and

externally directed, i.e., local print media coverage

participant questionnaire
PARTICIPANT QUESTIONNAIRE
  • the relationship among stakeholder roles
  • the understanding that participants have about basic terms such as distributed generation, renewable energy, community, etc.
  • their understanding of the initiative and its effectiveness
  • personal priorities
  • why participants might join, remain with, or exit an initiative
slide15

MINNESOTA: Land of 10,000 Lakes

CERTs--statewide

PCEC

RENew

Northfield

certs clean energy resource teams
CERTs: Clean Energy Resource Teams
  • a collaborative of the Minnesota Department of Commerce, the University of Minnesota’s Regional Sustainable Development Partnerships program, Rural Minnesota Energy Task Force, the Metro County Energy Task Force, and the Minnesota Project
  • teams include many stakeholders including farmers and other landowners, industry and utility reps, colleges, universities and local governments
  • the outcome of the project will be a strategic vision and a renewable and energy conservation energy plan for each region, reflecting a mix of energy sources, including biomass, wind, solar, and hydrogen
  • participant surveys particularly useful in this case
slide18
initaitive started with a “letter to the editor” in local newspaper
  • strategic plan states that the organization is guided by the values of environment, community, and social justice
  • clear emphasis on community participation
  • hosted a community wind conference to provide residents of |Northfield technical information
  • emphasis on process andtechnological shift to renewable sources of energy
  • has created an LLC to provide economic benefits to local family and for grid sales
slide20

located in a large metropolitan area

  • community is a low-income, minority population
  • a cooperative whose professional staff:
  • -- delivers energy-efficiency services
  • -- is developing a waste wood-fired CHP facility
  • -- proposing a rooftop solar program for peak- shaving purposes
other cbe projects
Other CBE Projects
  • Clean Energy Now (CEN)
  • Midway Biomass Combined Heat and Power Project
  • Moorhead Public Service’s Capture the Wind
  • farmer-owned wind LLC projects: MINWIND I and II,

Community Wind North and Community Wind South, and

the TRIMONT project

  • City of Bovey
why theory matters
Why Theory Matters
  • how citizens are brought into the process
  • the kind of work that is required of them
  • the incentives they are given to remain
  • the reasons for their loyalty and or exit
ad