The reckoning
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The Reckoning. by David Halberstam. Major Players. Katsuji KAWAMATA, “ the Banker ” Tetsuo MASUDA, union leader, ‘ the Emperor ” Masaru MIYAKE, leader of 2nd union Ichiro SHIOJI, “ the Strikebreaker ” Sanosuke TANAKA, joined Nissan 1937 Typical of worker from countryside.

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The Reckoning

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The reckoning

The Reckoning

by

David Halberstam


Major players

Major Players

  • Katsuji KAWAMATA, “the Banker”

  • Tetsuo MASUDA, union leader, ‘the Emperor”

  • Masaru MIYAKE, leader of 2nd union

  • Ichiro SHIOJI, “the Strikebreaker”

  • Sanosuke TANAKA, joined Nissan 1937

    • Typical of worker from countryside


Ch 7 the banker

Ch. 7 “The Banker”

  • Nissan--Nippon Sangyo--founded by Yoshisuke AYUKAWA

    • --from good family

    • Mother was Inoue Kaoru’s niece

    • Graduated Todai w/ Engineering degree

  • Rose with militarists, Manchuria in 1930s

  • Challenged Sumitomo, Mitsui and Mitsubishi, old line Zaibatsu


  • The banker

    The Banker

    • Katsuji KAWAMATA--came from IBJ, the Hiroshima Branch, where he had been sent

    • He was rough, crude, knew nothing of automobiles or unions. But was ambitious.

    • Sent to Nissan, Tokyo, in 1947. He found there that management feared Union.

    • W/Dodge Line, he fired 2000-plus workers


    The union leader

    The Union Leader

    • Tetsuo MASUDA b. 1914 Tokunoshima off Kagoshima.

    • Father ran a small co. that went banrupt. They moved to Kagoshima, father died young.

    • Masuda went to Todai; joined Nissan 1938.


    The reckoning

    • Masuda was smart, eloquent, charismatic

    • Played baseball so was hero-figure, leader

    • Returned from war politicized:

      • Old guard had ruined Japan

  • Independent--Leftwing but not JCP type

  • His vision was for industry-wide union that would serve the workers.


  • Ch 8 the turning point

    Ch. 8 “The Turning Point”

    • 1951 Asahara selected president, Kawamata runs things.

    • Nicknamed “the banker” because he did not know cars or the company.

    • Masuda had always won battles until Dodge Line--now losing.

    • Korean war was “gift from gods” but when growth slowed, times were tough.


    Kawamata v masuda

    Kawamata v. Masuda

    • The 2nd Union Strategy

    • Masaru MIYAKE emerges as leader.

    • Zero-pilot during war, he flirted with radical left after the war but after Dodge Line began to question strikes and disruptions.

    • Felt Masuda needed to be stopped. Kawamata seen as hope of company.


    Cahnge of kacho status

    Cahnge of Kacho Status

    • Kachos--section heads--had been floor workers, part of unions v. management

    • New policy pulled kachos up into management

    • Result = suribachi or “grinding kachos down” tactic by unions


    Miyake v masuda

    Miyake v. Masuda

    • War taught Miyake to speak his mind

    • Saw Masuda as a bully or tyrant

    • Started secret meetings

    • Kawamata agreed to fund 2nd union w/ IBJ funds


    Ichiro shioji

    Ichiro Shioji

    • B. Kanda 1927, attended Naval Academy

    • Father died, took care of family

    • Hopped the buying trains, bought/sold produce

    • Openly egocentric , Coveted power

    • Cocky natural politician and street-fighter

    • Loved confrontation


    The reckoning

    • Masuda was on a high

    • Saw men of management as old men from past

    • Men of death--they had killed Japan

    • Didn’t fear Kawamata because he’s never been in a union


    The reckoning

    • Kawamata followed hard line--exhaust the union, hire thugs to protect 2nd union

    • Secured Nikkeiren support

    • By freezing out Masuda they provoked him to violence

    • Appealed to workers that Masuda was alien, un-Japanese in his conduct


    Ch 9 crushing masuda

    Ch. 9 “Crushing Masuda”

    • Appeal was made to workers on basis that work is sacred, “a ceremony,” not a means to an end as in the west.

    • Masuda was jailed; emerged to big rallies

    • But, he had

      • Underestimated his opponents

      • Overestimated loyalty of own men


    The reckoning

    • Old order had been democratized and modernized

    • But the old order was still there

    • Masuda’s dream of industry-wide union died. Nissan was stabilized.

    • Workers no longer challenged superiors


    The reckoning

    • Kawamata was the big winner

    • Unions became an extension of management

    • Masuda drifted, broken man

    • 1960s lived alone, unemployed

    • 1964 died of heart attack aged 50


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