CHILD PROTECTION IN THE UNITED STATES . Norma Threadgill-Goldson, Ph.D., MSW Eastern Kentucky University. SESSION CONTENT. Child Protection (CP) Definition United States child protection: Early influences, policies, and statistics Foster Care Future of children and families.
Norma Threadgill-Goldson, Ph.D., MSW
Eastern Kentucky University
©2008 National Association of Social Workers. All Rights Reserved. 1
According to UNICEF “child protection is the response to violence, exploitation and abuse of children by governments and citizens. This is inclusive of the commercial sexual exploitation, trafficking, child labor, and harmful traditional practices…” (UNICEF)
The Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989), outlines the basic rights of children
Supports the idea that the family is the fundamental unit to socialize children and to support their growth and well-being
“…the child, by reason of his physical and mental immaturity, needs special safeguards and care, including appropriate legal protection, before as well as after birth", Declaration of the Rights of the Child
The United State did not sign the Declaration
Commitment to protect children: From harm by their primary caretakers by:
Competing values exist between
The Social Security Act 1935, Legal framework for funding CP
Foster care is the temporary placement of children who cannot remain in their own homes because the parents’ condition or behavior preventing the parents from providing care
The Independent Living Initiative of 1986 and Foster Care Independence Act of 1999
½ Million Plus (513,000) children in foster care in 2005:
Child Welfare Information Gateway
a mix of private and government service providers
Disproportionately represented in FC
Child protection researchers and professional in the field indicate that system improvement can enhance the well-being of children include:
(Chipungu, S. S., & Bent-Goodley, T. B.)
Courtney, M. E. (2008). History of Policy Framework. In Terry Mizrahi, and Larry E. Davis, Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.), vol. 1, A – C, Washington, DC:NASW Press.
Child Welfare Information Gateway, http://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/fosterdlinks.cfm
Chipungu, S. S., & Bent-Goodley, T. B. Meeting the challenges of contemporary foster care. http://www.futureofchildren.org/usr_doc/5-stukes.pdf
Everett, J. (2008). Foster care. In Terry Mizrahi, and Larry E. Davis, Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.), vol. 1, D – I, Washington, DC:NASW Press.
Office on Child Abuse and Neglect (HHS) & Goldman, S., & Wolcott, K. (2003).Coordinated Response to Child Abuse and Neglect: The Foundation for PracticeUser Manual Series (2003).
United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child