Endangered and Extinct Languages
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Endangered and Extinct Languages. Language Demographics. There are approximately 6,809 current spoken languages 330 languages each have one million speakers or more. The median size language in the world is 6,000 speakers Since 1900, 600 have been languages lost

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Endangered and Extinct Languages

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Endangered and extinct languages

Endangered and Extinct Languages


Language demographics

Language Demographics

  • There are approximately 6,809 current spoken languages

  • 330 languages each have one million speakers or more.

  • The median size language in the world is 6,000 speakers

  • Since 1900, 600 have been languages lost

  • 2400 languages are endangered, primarily those spoken by small indigenous groups of people

  • 450 languages have only one or two elderly speakers left

  • 155 out of 175 are “moribund” in United States

  • 95% of the world population speak 100 languages

  • 45% world population speak Top 5 languages, referred to as “killer” languages


More demographics

More Demographics

  • 50-90% of current languages are projected to be lost during 21st century leaving only approximately 600 languages

  • 2/3 of world’s children are becoming bilingual

  • 44%+ of world’s online population doesn’t use English


Top 10 world languages

Top 10 World Languages

Chinese 1.070 Billion

English .508

Hindustani .497

Spanish .392

Russian .277

Arabic .246

Bengali .211

Portuguese .191

Malay-Indonesian .159

French .129


Control of language variants

Control of Language Variants

Banned Languages

Endangered Languages

Extinct Languages

http://www.sil.org/sociolx/ndg-lg-grimes.html


Possible causes for language extinction

Possible Causes for Language Extinction

  • Colonialization

  • Repressive governments

  • Attrition or assimilation of isolated cultures by modern cultures

  • Economic and political conflict/alliances

  • Consumerism through homogenizing corporate and/or artistic western influence

  • World globalization through new technologies and telecommunications

  • Human disease

  • Genocide


Prevention of language extinction

Prevention of Language Extinction

  • Dictionaries for translation

  • Bilingual educational programs and teacher training

  • Free lessons in public and private sector

  • Recording dying languages

  • Indigenous language movements


Some visuals

Some Visuals

  • K. David Harrison Dying Language Expert

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_SohcBBhNHM

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nmLYo8zQOVs&feature=related

  • Endangered Languages in Europe

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UvI5DWJQTnE&NR=1

  • Navaho Language Schools

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wE8kiVvkapc&feature=related


Study guide

Study Guide

Banned languages

Endangered languages

Extinct languages


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