The anglo saxon and medieval periods 449 1485
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The Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Periods 449-1485. By: Mr. Nathan J. Harmon. The Anglo-Saxon Period = The DARK AGES Violence! Conflict! Barbarians! Serious: Hero epics Struggle Only the strong survive. Centuries of INVASION. Early Britian. 55b.c Ceasar claimed the British Isle

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The Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Periods 449-1485

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The anglo saxon and medieval periods 449 1485

The Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Periods 449-1485

By: Mr. Nathan J. Harmon


Centuries of invasion

  • The Anglo-Saxon Period = The DARK AGES

    • Violence!

    • Conflict!

    • Barbarians!

      • Serious: Hero epics

        • Struggle

        • Only the strong survive

Centuries of INVASION


Early britian

Early Britian

  • 55b.c Ceasar claimed the British Isle

    • He left! Took off and left Britons, Picts, Gaels in peace

    • 100 years later the Romans returned

      • Britian became a Roman province

      • Build: roads, cities, scholarship


Early britain continued

Early Britain (continued…)

  • “Romanized”

    • Christianity

    • Urban lifestyle

    • Public baths

    • Military

  • Dependence

    • Britians came to depend on Roman Government

      • 5th Century Turns

        • Roman left to deal with their own invaders


Anglo saxons

Anglo-Saxons

  • Germanic tribes

  • Celtic Leader: Arthur

  • King Arthur?

    • Fought the invading hordes

    • Driven out to the west (Cornwall & Wales) and north (Scotland)

  • New settlers

    • Angle-Land

      • England

      • Anglo-Saxon culture became the base for English culture

      • Old English: the gutteral sound of the people


Vikings

  • 790’s: New Invaders from Denmark & Norway

  • Crazy Men!

    • Looting

    • Killing

    • Burning villages

    • Summer homes?

Vikings!


Vikings continued

Vikings !! (continued…)

  • Preferred the winter in England than their homes, they set up camp

  • The Danes!

    • Met defeat by Alfred the Great (Anglo-Saxon)

      • Alfie unified England

        • Brought education, learning, and culture

        • The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: a record of England


The norman conquest

The Norman Conquest

  • Edward the Confessor

    • Descendant of Alfie, had no kids

  • Promised the Crown

    • French cousin William (so he claimed)

  • Nobles and the Church

    • Endorsed Earl Harold

  • Williams Response:

    • Norman Invasion!

    • Harold died Battle of Hastings 1066

    • Christmas day 1066 William was crowned

    • William the Conqueror


Result

Result

  • The Norman Invasion ended the Anglo-Saxon dominance of Britain

    • New Nobles

      • Out with the old

  • The former Noble class of Anglo-Saxons sank into the peasant class


Cultural influences

Cultural Influences

  • The Spread of Christianity

    • Invaders: Pagan, belief in “Wyrd” (fate)

    • Strong hero worship: Strength against “evil”

  • Christianity Takes Hold

    • 300 A.D several missionaries were establiched

    • Spread to Ireland/Scotland


Christianity taking hold

Christianity taking hold

  • 597A.D Roman missionary Augustine enters Kent.

  • Est. Canterbury

    • Monastaries became centers of education, literacy, art, and social activity

  • Spread rapidly

    • By 690 A.D all of Britain was nominally Christian

      • Though many held pagan traditions


Venerable bede

Venerable Bede

  • Wrote: A history of the English Church and People

    • Vikings plundered monasteries, tried to destroy the culture

    • Christianity endured


Epic tradition

Epic Tradition

  • Early lit. style

    • Heroic deeds

  • Mead Halls

    • Poems performed by Scops

  • History

  • Sermon

  • Pep talk

    • Cultural pride

    • Demonstrates behavior

  • Oral art form

  • As religion spread

    • Education spread

    • Writing spread

    • Oral tradition died out

      • Beowulf survives…


The medieval period

  • The Monarchy: William the Conqueror

  • New kind of King: Powerful, organized, intelligent

  • Law and Order

    • “any honest man could travel over the kingdom without injury with his bosom full of gold”

    • Doomsday Book: a tax that recorded and taxed all property: lakes, livestock, etc.

  • William’s death

    • Power struggles

    • Near anarchy

      • Until…

The Medieval Period


Williams great grandson

Williams great grandson

  • Henry Plantagenet= Henry II

    • Reformed the judicial system

    • Est. juries

    • Formed common law

    • His son: Richard I = Richard the Lion-hearted

      • Ten-year reign fighting abroad

      • Brother plotted against him

      • “King John”: fought with nobles about rising taxes

        • Forced to sign the magna carta which limited royal power


War plague

War & Plague

War was near constant

The Hundred Years’ War

1337: England vs. France

Black Death

killed 1/3 of the pop.

1453: England lost almost all French holdings.

Two Families fought for power

York (white rose)

Lancaster (red rose)

War of the Roses


The tudors

The Tudors

  • Wars of the Roses ended in 1485

  • Henry Tudor (Lancaster) killed Richard III (York) at Bosworth field

  • Henry took the throne = Henry VII

  • End of the Middle Ages


Three social forces

Three Social Forces

  • The Feudal System

    • Feudalism: political and Economic system (implemented by William the conqueror)

    • King owns all

      • ¼ for himself

      • ¼ for the church

      • The rest to the nobles

        • Nobles gave land to knights

        • Serfs= bound to land they didn’t own (Anglo-Saxons)

        • Everyone paid upwards toward the king


Three social forces continued

Three Social Forces (continued…)

  • The church

    • Led by the Pope (in Rome)

    • Huge powerhouse

      • Levy taxes

      • Laws

      • Courts

      • Keeping kings in line


Three social forces1

Three Social Forces

  • Chivalry and Courtly Love

    • Medieval literature: created an idea of social conduct

    • Chivalry: code of honor intended to guide knightly behavior

    • Courtly Love: Relationship ideas between lords and ladies

      • “the Art of Courtly Love”

        • Marriage is no real excuse for not loving

        • He who is jealous cannot love

        • When made public, love rarely endures

        • A new love puts an old one to flight

        • Every lover regularly turns pale in the prescience of his beloved


The age of chaucer

The Age of Chaucer

Geoffrey Chaucer: Father of English Literature

showed English as a literary language

Wrote in the language of the time: middle English


The canterbury tales

The Canterbury Tales

  • Chaucer’s best known work

  • Collection of tales

  • The Pilgrims characters tell stories

  • They reflected English development such as: the serfs realizing their value (workforce), War with France re-est. English as a ruling class language


Medieval romance

Medieval Romance

Adventure!

King Arthur and Excalibur

Legendary Hero: King Arthur

Artorius

Britain of roman influence

King Arthur to Wales as Beowulf to Anglo-Saxon

Geoffrey of Monmouth: produced welsh tales that caught the interest of the French , German, English alike


King arthur artorius

King Arthur: Artorius

  • Inspired German, English, French to create their own versions of King Arthur and the Round Table

  • Made chivalry something to aspire to in English courts

  • Feats, Battles, Ideals

    • Sir Gawain and the Green Knight

    • Death of Arthur

      • Retold the legendary King’s end in, printed weeks before the final battle of the War of Roses: the last battle fought with knights in armor


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