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The Anglo-Saxon & Medieval Periods. Language Arts IV Sheryl Walker. Timeline of Invasions. Celts Romans 55 B.C.-407 A.D. Anglo-Saxons 449 A.D Vikings 793 Normans 1066 (know this date). Celts. Consisted of two groups: Brytons (“Britons”) Gaels Farmers and hunters Druid religion

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The Anglo-Saxon & Medieval Periods

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The anglo saxon medieval periods l.jpg

The Anglo-Saxon & Medieval Periods

Language Arts IV

Sheryl Walker

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Timeline of Invasions

  • Celts

  • Romans 55 B.C.-407 A.D.

  • Anglo-Saxons 449 A.D

  • Vikings 793

  • Normans 1066 (know this date)

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  • Consisted of two groups:

    • Brytons (“Britons”)

    • Gaels

  • Farmers and hunters

  • Druid religion

  • Old King Cole and King Arthur are Celtic figures

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Celts, part 2

  • Tried to fight off the Romans

  • In areas of Scotland, they painted themselves blue and ran naked into battle

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  • Built roads, waterways

  • Many towns ending in “castor” or “chester” are sites of Roman outposts

  • Introduced Christianity

  • Period of stability for more than 300 years

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Angles, Saxons, Jutes

  • Deep-sea fisherman and farmers

  • Society organized into tribes, or “witans”

  • Worshipped pagan gods

  • Spoke Cornish, Welsh, Irish, and Scottish Gaelic

  • Society portrayed in “The Wanderer” and Beowulf

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“Taming” of the Anglo-Saxons

  • 597 St. Augustine arrives

  • Converts King Ethelbert

  • By 650, most of England converted

  • Schools at monasteries established

  • Scribes complete elaborate manuscripts

  • The Venerable Bede writes A History of the English Church and People

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  • Late 700s

  • Danish invasion strikes terror; “From the fury of the Northmen, O Lord, deliver us.”

  • Danelaw is established by mid 800s in north, east, and central England

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Alfred the Great

  • In 871, Saxon king Alfred the Great takes Wessex throne and signs treaty with the Norse

  • Encourages learning—has Bede’s History translated from Latin

  • Begins keeping written records in Old English

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End of the period-1066

  • Edward the Confessor dies; William and Harold fight Battle of Hastings for throne.

  • William the Conqueror, a Norman, wins, concluding the Anglo-Saxon period

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Literary terms and traditions

  • Oral tradition

    • Scops & Gleemen-professional minstrels & assistants

    • Alliteration and caesuras--mid-line pauses used to aid memory

  • Runes-primitive letters brought to Britain by Anglo-Saxons, used until Latin superseded them

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More literary terms & traditions

  • Caedmon & Cynewulf-only known poets from this time period

  • Beowulf (author unknown)-major piece of literature from time period

  • Modern translation of Beowulf by Irish poet Seamus Heaney won major English literary award recently

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Anglo-Saxon beliefs

  • Wyrd— ever-present sense of ominous fate

  • Weregild (“man-price”)—tradition of compensating a family of someone killed

  • Mead hall—vital gathering place for witans; represents heart of community

  • Strength, generosity, bravery, and arrogance were valued leadership qualities (think professional wrestling)

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Sutton Hoo is a group of low grassy burial mounds in SE Suffolk, England. In 1939 excavations brought to light the richest burial ever discovered in Britain, an Anglo-Saxon ship containing the treasure of one of the earliest English Kings, Rædwald, King of East Anglia.

Sutton Hoo

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Drinking horns for mead

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Prow of ship excavated at Sutton Hoo

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These rings have rune engravings.

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Anglo-Saxon weaponry

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Who were the earliest known inhabitants of Britain?

Which society is portrayed in Beowulf and ‘The Wanderer”?

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Which was not valued by Anglo-Saxons?

Which date brings the Anglo-Saxon period to an end?

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Excellent choice!

You are correct!

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That’s incorrect.

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