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Psychology’s Many Fields. PhD Specializations. PhD Psychologists. PhD areas. 16. 14. 6. 12. 37. 6. 5. 1997 data. PhD workplaces. 17. 34. 11. 10. 6. 22. PhD Workplaces. 1997 data. Three primary areas. Psychologist’s interests often overlap. Clinical Research Applied.

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psychology s many fields

Psychology’s Many Fields

PhD Specializations

phd areas

PhD Psychologists

PhD areas

16

14

6

12

37

6

5

1997 data

phd workplaces
PhD workplaces

17

34

11

10

6

22

PhD Workplaces

1997 data

three primary areas
Three primary areas
  • Psychologist’s interests often overlap.
  • Clinical
  • Research
  • Applied
clinical settings
Clinical Settings
  • Clinical Psychology
  • 4-5 years beyond BA
  • PhD with research
  • Clinical internship
  • Licensed by state
  • Hospital, clinic or private practice
  • “Psychologist”
psychiatry
Psychiatry
  • Started with Freud
  • Medical degree
  • MD – 4 yrs
  • Residency – 4 yrs
  • Prescribe drugs
  • Diagnosis and treatment
  • Little time to do therapy
psychiatrists need help
Psychiatrists need help
  • Too busy and expensive to be therapists
  • Employ MSW’s
  • 2-3 yrs beyond BA
  • Clinical social workers
  • Case management
clincial psych vs psychiatry
PhD or Psy D in Psychology

Talk therapy

Most cannot prescribe drugs

Non-Freudians

MD with psychiatric residency

Drug therapy

Can write prescriptions

Only 1 out of 5 Freudian

Clincial Psych vs Psychiatry
counseling psychology
Counseling Psychology
  • MA or PhD
  • “Adjustment problems”
  • Fewer clinical skills
  • Marriage and Family, School, Rehabiliation
  • Schools of Education as at CCSU
research specializations
Research Specializations
  • Science of Psychology
  • May be clinicians
  • More interested in testing theories
  • Developing new ideas
  • Many different interests
  • Chapters in Intro Psych book
biopsychology psy 450
Biopsychology (PSY 450)
  • Biological Basis of Behavior
  • Brain injury and recovery
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Schizophrenia
  • Neuropsychology
developmental psy 236
Developmental (PSY 236)
  • Life-span development
  • Early childhood
  • Adolescence
  • Adulthood
  • Aging
  • Death and Dying
  • Geropsychology
social psychology psy 372
Social Psychology (PSY 372)
  • Group influences on behavior
  • Social bonds
  • Prejudice and violence
  • Obedience to authority
  • Bystander intervention
  • Cults, hate groups
  • Cooperation and kinship
experimental psychology
Experimental Psychology
  • Broad term includes faculty interested in
  • Learning and Memory (PSY 200)
  • Cognitive (PSY 281)
  • Motivation (PSY 440)
applied specializations

Applied Specializations

School, Work and Community

school psychologist
School Psychologist
  • MA or PhD
  • Help teachers promote learning and social development
  • Tests and interviews
  • Develop individual plans
  • PPT (Parent, pupil, teacher)
guidance counselor
Guidance Counselor
  • MA (CCSU)
  • Schools of Education
  • Don’t need to have been teacher
  • Activities vary
  • Some counseling
  • Some career/college work
  • Some administration
  • PPT’s (parents and teachers)
community psychology
Community Psychology
  • MA (CCSU) or Phd
  • Help communities solve problems
  • Prevention of crime and illness
  • Organizing, mobilizing
  • Determine needs
  • Locate resources
industrial organizational
Industrial/Organizational
  • IO (PSY 234)
  • MA or PhD
  • Workplace
  • Personnel
  • Consumer Relations
  • Human factors
emerging areas
Emerging Areas
  • Health Psychology (PSY 241)

promotion of wellness

prevention of disease

stress reduction

  • Forensic Psychology

legal issues

jury selection

eyewitness testimony

victim advocacy

do i need an advanced degree
Do I need an advanced degree?
  • Yes, If you want to be a counselor, clinician, teacher, or researcher
  • Master’s degree sufficient in many cases
  • Lots of interesting careers in human services with just a BA
  • Here are some workplaces for BA grads
post graduation plans
Post-graduation plans
  • Go to work or go to grad school?
  • Post-graduation paths for BA psych majors from 4 yr institutions.
  • Based on 1998 APA survey.
what employers want from psychology majors
Listening skills

Ability to work in teams

Getting along with others

Interpersonal relationship skills

Focus on customers or clients

Desire and ability to learn

Willingness to gain new, impt skills

Adaptability to changing situations

Ability to suggest solutions

Problem-solving skills

What employers want from psychology majors
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