01 11 obj i will analyze the fields of psychology
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01-11 Obj : I will analyze the fields of Psychology. Reading quiz due 1-11-13: P23-26 1. What role does biology play in our mental processes? 2. Define cognitive perspective. 3.Which perspective emphasizes effects of experience on behavior? 4. Define sociocultural perspective .

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01-11 Obj : I will analyze the fields of Psychology

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01-11 Obj: I will analyze the fields of Psychology

  • Reading quiz due 1-11-13: P23-261. What role does biology play in our mental processes?2. Define cognitive perspective. 3.Which perspective emphasizes effects of experience on behavior?4. Define sociocultural perspective


01-11 Obj: I will analyze the fields of Psychology

  • Reading quiz due 1-11-13: P23-261. What role does biology play in our mental processes?

  • Nervous system makes mental processes possible

  • 2. Define cognitive perspective.

  • Thoughts explain/determine behavior

  • 3.Which perspective emphasizes effects of experience on behavior?

  • Learning perspective

  • 4. Define sociocultural perspective

  • Ethnicity, gender, culture, and status effect behavior and thinking


01-11 Obj: I will analyze the fields of Psychology

  • Reading quiz due 1-14-13: P52-551. What is the difference between single-blind and double-blind study?

  • 2. What is the purpose of the “ethical issue resolution” standards?

  • 3 & 4 listed on website


Homework assignment:

  • Group analysis in a minute…


School


Consumer


Social


The divorce

was my fault.


Counseling


Personality


Experimental


Analysis:

  • We are going to pass each poster around the room from group to group

  • For each picture (~15), you will

  • 1-15A: Identify the style of psychology in the poster

  • 1-15B: What in the picture/slogan led you to this conclusion?


The History of Psychology:

  • In addition to what we have already read for class…

  • Psychology as it is today is a brief history


King Psamtik’s experiment


#16: Describe the experiment


Psamtik I was a strange King of Egypt.

During his long reign in the end of the seventh century BC, he not only drove out the Assyrians, revived Egyptian art and architecture, and brought about general prosperity, but found time to conceive and conduct history’s first recorded experiment in psychology.


  • The Egyptians had long believed that they were the most ancient race on earth, and Psamtik, driven by intellectual curiosity, wanted to prove that flattering belief. Like a good psychologist, he began with a hypothesis: If children had no opportunity to learn a language from older people around them, they would spontaneously speak the primal, inborn language of humankind –the natural language of its most ancient people—which, he expected to show, was Egyptian.

  • To test his hypothesis, Psamtik commandeered two infants of a lower-class mother and turned them over to a herdsman to bring up in a remote area.


  • They were to be kept in a sequestered cottage, properly fed and cared for, but were never to hear anyone speak so much as a word. The Greek historian Herodotus, who tracked the story down and learned what he calls “the real facts” from priests of Hephaestus in Memphis, says that Psamtik’s goal "was to know, after the indistinct babblings of infancy were over, what word they would first articulate.”

  • The experiment, he tells us, worked. One day, when the children were two years old, they ran up to the herdsman as he opened the door of their cottage and cried out “Becos!” 


  • Since this meant nothing to him, he paid no attention, but when it happened repeatedly, he sent word to Psamtik, who at once ordered the children brought to him. When he too heard them say it, Psamtik made inquiries and learned that Becos was the Phrygian word for bread. He concluded that, disappointingly, the Phrygians were an older race than the Egyptians.


  • We today may smile condescendingly; we know from modern studies of children brought up under conditions of isolation that there is no innate language and that children who hear no speech never speak.

  • Psamtik’s hypothesis rested on an invalid assumption, and he apparently mistook a babbled sound for an actual word. Yet we must admire him for trying to prove his hypothesis and for having the highly original notion that thoughts arise in the mind through internal processes that can be investigated.


17A: Even though Psamtik’s hypothesis was flawed, was his experiment worthwhile?

17B: Why?

  • Early Psychological beliefs


#18:How have people viewed the causes of disorders and people’s behavior during the middle ages and early colonial America?

  • She's a witch!

  • In Kenya?


Historical Psychologists

  • & methods of psychology

  • Book + worksheet


  • Login