Respiratory tract conditions
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Respiratory Tract Conditions. Chapter 18. Symptoms Usually begin 1-2 days after exposure Include Clear nasal discharge (rhinorrhea) Nasal itching Sneezing Nonproductive cough Itching and puffiness of the eyes Mild sore throat Low-grade fever. Management Vitamin C Zinc gluconate

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Respiratory Tract Conditions

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Respiratory tract conditions

Respiratory Tract Conditions

Chapter 18


Common cold

Symptoms

Usually begin 1-2 days after exposure

Include

Clear nasal discharge (rhinorrhea)

Nasal itching

Sneezing

Nonproductive cough

Itching and puffiness of the eyes

Mild sore throat

Low-grade fever

Management

Vitamin C

Zinc gluconate

Transmission

Person to person

Airborne droplets

Common Cold


Sinusitis

Symptoms

Nasal congestion

Facial pain

Pain in upper teeth

Pressure behind the eyes (retro-orbital)

Nasal discharge

Pain over sinuses

Coughing

Fever and chills

Management

Control the infection

Reduce mucous

Antibiotics

Nasal sprays

Type of Infection

Bacterial

Viral

Allergy

Sinusitis


Pharyngitis

Symptoms

Throat appears red

Tonsils appear swollen

Puss-like discharge

Causes

Viral

Bacterial

Fungal

Management

Antibiotics

Bed rest

Plenty of fluids

Saline gargles

Throat lozenges

Mild analgesics

Pharyngitis


Influenza flu

Symptoms

Fever

Chills

Malaise

Headache

Muscle aches

Hacking cough

Sore throat

Watery eyes

Sensitivity to light

Management

Rest

Plenty of fluids

Saltwater gargles

Cough medication

Analgesics

Causes

Hemophilus influenza type A, B, or C

Influenza- “FLU”


Allergic rhinitis hay fever

Symptoms

Chronic sore throat

Swollen mucosa

Enlarged lymph tissue

Exudate

Causes

Seasonal allergies

Seasonal pollens or irritants

Management

Antihistamines

Limiting exposure

Cromolyn sodium

Hypersensitivity reduction

Allergic Rhinitis “Hay Fever”


Bronchitis

Symptoms

Marked cyanosis

Edema

Production of sputum

High CO2 levels in blood

Low O2 levels in blood

Coughing

Wheezing

Management

Reduce swelling

Causes

Cigarette smoke

Pollution

Infection

Bronchitis


Bronchial asthma

Symptoms

Wheezing

Rapid onset of fatigue

Thick yellow or green sputum

Causes

Constriction of bronchial muscles

Mucosal swelling

Management

Nebullizer

Bronchodilators

Cromolyn sodium

Antihistamines

Bronchial Asthma


Exercise induce bronchospasm

Symptoms

Chest pain

Chest tightness

Burning sensation

Wheezing

Causes

Cold air

Low humidity

Pollutants

Management

Bronchodilators

Cromolyn sodium

Oral theophylline

Leukotriene modifiers

Exercise Induce Bronchospasm


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