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USH (3:1). The Election of 1860 Democrats split over slavery issue “ Republican Party ” is formed, nominate Abraham Lincoln Formed as an anti-slavery party Southern states start to secede (leave) December, 1860: South Carolina leaves the Union Six more States secede by February, 1861

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Ush 3 1
USH (3:1)

The Election of 1860

Democrats split over slavery issue

“Republican Party” is formed, nominate Abraham Lincoln

Formed as an anti-slavery party

Southern states start to secede (leave)

December, 1860: South Carolina leaves the Union

Six more States secede by February, 1861

The 16th President: Abraham Lincoln (1861-1865)


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Crittenden's Compromise

Slavery would be protected where it already existed


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The Confederate States of America (CSA)

1861

All the southern states that left the Union

Elected Jefferson Davis as president


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The Confederacy

South Carolina

Mississippi

Florida

Alabama

Georgia

Louisiana

Texas

Virginia

Arkansas

North Carolina

Tennessee


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The Union

1. California

2. Connecticut

3. Delaware *

4. Illinois

5. Indiana

6. Iowa

7. Kansas

8. Kentucky *

9. Maryland *

10. Massachusetts

11. Michigan

12. Minnesota

13. Missouri *

14. Nevada (became a state in 1864)

15. New hampshire

16. New Jersey

17. New York

18. Ohio

19. Oregon

20. Pennsylvania

21. Rhode Island

22. Vermont

23. West Virginia * (split off from Virginia in 1863)

24. Wisconsin



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“The Border States”

Remained neutral during the Civil War

Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, West Virginia (1863) and Missouri

All five states had slavery

All five states benefited from the strong northern economy


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First shots of the Civil War

Fort Sumter

Union garrison in Charleston, S.C.


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Comparing resources


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The First Modern War

Volunteer armies

Cone-shaped bullet (replaced musket balls)

Rifles with grooved barrels

Fighting in trenches and using barricades

First use by Americans of shrapnel and land mines

Modern technology plus outdated military methods


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Strategies

South

'hit and run' (attack and retreat)

“Attrition”: wear the enemy and their resources down

North

“Anaconda Plan”: separate the South through blockades


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