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TamTa miqaberiZe Tbilisis saxelmwifo universiteti Tbilisi 2010w

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saqarTvelos sagareo vaWrobis ganviTarebis perspeqtivebi vaWrobis msoflio organizaciis ( WTO)- s xelSekrulebis sazRvrebSi. TamTa miqaberiZe Tbilisis saxelmwifo universiteti Tbilisi 2010w. naSromis struqtura. msoflio ekonomikaSi saerTaSoriso vaWrobis ganviTarebis tendenciebi;

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saqarTvelos sagareo vaWrobis ganviTarebis perspeqtivebi vaWrobis msoflio organizaciis (WTO)-s xelSekrulebis sazRvrebSi

TamTa miqaberiZe

Tbilisis saxelmwifo universiteti

Tbilisi

2010w

nasromis struqtura
naSromis struqtura
  • msoflio ekonomikaSisaerTaSoriso vaWrobis ganviTarebis tendenciebi;
  • WTO-s wevri ganviTarebadi da gardamavali qveynebis sagareo vaWrobis ganviTarebis tendenciebi;
  • saqarTvelos sagareo vaWrobis ganviTarebis xelSemwyobi da xelSemSleli procesebi WTO-Si gawevrianebis Semdeg;
  • saqarTvelos ekonomikuri zrdisa da sagareo vaWrobis ganviTarebis damokidebulebebi.
bazris liberalizacia tu proteqcionistuli politika
bazris liberalizacia Tu proteqcionistuli politika?
  • Ria ekonomikis formireba;
  • WTO-Si gawevrianeba;
  • liberalur savaWro politikaze orientacia
saqartvelos savawro politika
saqarTvelos savaWro politika
  • bmuli tarifebi
  • - seqtoruri iniciativebi
  • - gamoricxvebi
  • momsaxurebiT vaWrobaSi specifikuri valdebulebebi
  • - saqarTvelom moxsna SezRudvebi poziciebis 54%-ze;
  • - susti ekonomikis qveynebSi analogiuri maCvenebeli Seadgens saSualod 7%-s;
  • - SedarebiT mdidari qveynebisTvis – 25%
saqartvelosi moqmedi savawro rejimebi
saqarTveloSi moqmedi savaWro reJimebi
  • Cveulebrivi (vmo-s arawevr qveynebTan);
  • upiratesi xelSewyobis (wevr-qveynebTan da/an visTanac aris Sesabamisi ormxrivi xelSekruleba);
  • preferencialuri, maT Soris:
  • Tavisufali vaWrobis reJimi (dsT-s qveynebTan)
  • prefernciaTa ganzogadebuli sistemis (GSP) reJimi:

- evro-kavSiris 25 wevri saxelmwifosgan;

- - Sveicariisagan

- kanadisagan,

- iaponiisagan

- aSS-sagan;

- TurqeTisagan;

wto si gawevrianebis semdgomi dadebiti movlenebi
WTO-Si gawevrianebis Semdgomi dadebiTi movlenebi
  • eqsportisTvis daSvebis pirobebis gaumjobeseba mravali qveynis bazarze;
  • importze tarifebis optimizacia;
      • sabaJo gadasaxadebis Semcireba saqarTveloSi importirebul mowyobilobaze, naxevarfabrikatebsa da nedleulze
  • upiratesi xelSewyobis reJimi 148 qveyanasTan;
  • preferenciuli vaWrobis geografiis gafarToveba (GSP aSS-sTan)
wto si gawevrianebis semdgomi dadebiti movlenebi1
WTO-Si gawevrianebis Semdgomi dadebiTi movlenebi
  • sagareo vaWrobis maregulirebeli kanonmdebloba da procedurebis daxvewa:
    • Semcirda sabaJo mosakrebeli (0,3%-dan 0,15%-mde);
    • Semcirda savaldebulo sertifikaciis daqvemdebarebeli produqciis nusxa (62%-iT);
    • daixvewa licenzireba - nebarTvebis sistema
  • pirdapiri ucxouri investiciebismozidva;
  • saqarTvelos interesebi saerTaSoriso savaWro urTierTobabSi daculia vmo-s davebis mogvarebis mravalmxrivi meqanizmebiT;
  • saqarTvelom miiRo ufleba awarmoos ormxrivi da mravalmxrivi molaparakebebi vmo-Si Semsvlel qveynebTan, maT Soris ZiriTad savaWro patriorebTan
saqartelosi ganxorcielebuli pirdapiri ucxouri investiciebi
saqarTeloSi ganxorcielebulipirdapiri ucxouri investiciebi

wyaro: 1. saqarTvelos statistikis erovnuli samsaxuri

(statistikuri gamokvleva `sagareo ekonomikuri saqmianobis Sesaxeb~);

2. saqarTvelos erovnuli banki;

3. saqarTvelos ekonomikuri ganviTarebis saministro.

saqartvelos sagareo vawrobis xelsemsleli faqtorebi
saqarTvelos sagareo vaWrobis xelSemSleli faqtorebi

miuxedavad dadebiTi momentebisa, arsebobs qarTuli eqsportis zrdis xelSemSleli mravali mizezi:

  • dabali samrewvelo infrastruqtura;

2. konfliqtur zonebTan siaxlove;

3. dabalganviTarebuli mcire da saSualo seqtori;

4. sakanondeblo SeRavaTebis aRserulebis dabali done;

5. susti gamocdileba marketingSi;

  • sazRvargareT saqarTvelos Sesaxeb mcire informacia (miuxedavad imisa, rom MmTavrobis kargi piar teqonologiebiT mniSvnelovnad gaizarda saqarTvelos cnobadobis xarisxi);
  • mcire gamocdileba eqpsortSi;
saqartvelos sagareo vawrobis xelsemsleli faqtorebi1
saqarTvelos sagareo vaWrobis xelSemSleli faqtorebi
  • 6. finansuri resursebis simcire;
  • susti sabanko seqtori (maRali saprocento ganakveTebi);
  • susti saeqsporto sadazRvevo momsaxureba;
  • 7. xarisxis sertifikaciis saerTaSoriso aRiarebis mqone labiratoriebis ar arseboba;
  • 8. bazarze SeRwevis problemebi qarTuli sasoflo-sameurneo produqciisTvis:
    • ganviTarebuli qveynebis mier dawesebuli teqnikuri barierebi (TBT) da standartebi;
    • sanitaruli da fito-sanitaruli zomebis harmoniaciasa da xarisxis kontrolisadmi naklebi yuradReba;
saqartvelos sagareo vawrobis xelsemsleli faqtorebi2
saqarTvelos sagareo vaWrobis xelSemSleli faqtorebi
  • vmo-sa da misi komitetebis mier miRebuli konkretuli gadawyvetilebebisa da SeTanxmebebis Sesaxeb informaciis nakleboba. mag: informaciis miwodebis problemebi fermerebisa da mewarmeebisTvis.;
  • 10. ganviTarebuli qveynebis eqsportis subsidireba da Sida bazris dacis RonisZiebebi:
dohas ganvitarebis dris wesrigi da momavlis xedva
dohas ganviTarebis dRis wesrigi da momavlis xedva

momavlis liberalizaciis molaparakebebis raundis ZiriTadisakiTxebi:

  • soflis meurneoba
  • garemos dacva
  • momsaxureba
  • samrewvelo saqoneli
  • wesebi
  • medikamentebiT vaWroba
  • Sromis standartebi
  • teqnikuri daxmareba
soflis meurneobis sferosi molaparakebebis ziritad sagans warmoadgenda
soflis meurneobis sferoSi molaparakebebis ZiriTad sagans warmoadgenda:
  • satarifo daklebebis ganxorcieleba konkretuli formulis mixedviT;
  • vaWrobis Semafrxebeli Sida mxardamWeri zomebis Semicireba;
  • saeqsporto subsidiebis sruli gauqmeba;
  • specifikuri tarifebis e.w. «ad-valorul» tarifebSi gadayvana;
  • ganviTarebadi da naklebad ganviTarebuli qveynebis soflis meurneobis produqciisaTvis ganviTarebuli qveynebis bazrebze daSvebis xelsayreli pirobebis daweseba;
  • tropikuli xilisaTvis ganviTarebuli qveynebis bazrebze daSvebis xelsayreli pirobebis daweseba da sxva.
soflis meurneobis seqtorsi mirebuli gadawyvetilebebi
soflis meurneobis seqtorSi miRebuli gadawyvetilebebi
  • vaWrobis Semafrxebeli Sida mxardamWeri zomebis Semcireba sami doniT, aqedan umaRlesi doneebis wrfivi Semcireba maRali doneebiT;
  • saeqsporto subsidiebisa da maTi eqvivalenturi zomebis sruli gauqmeba 2013 wlisaTvis (rac evrokavSirisTvis yvelaze mtkivneul gadawyvetilebad SeiZleba iqnes miCneuli);
  • ganviTarebadi qveynebisaTvis specialuri produqtisa da specialuri damcavi meqanizmebis gamoyenebis ufleba;
setanxmebebi arasasoflo sameurneo produqciis bazarze dasvebis sesaxeb
SeTanxmebebi arasasoflo-sameurneo produqciis bazarze daSvebis Sesaxeb
  • aRniSnul seqtorSi daklebebi maRali tarifebisaTvis da satarifo pikebisaTvis ganxorcieldeba e.w. "Sveicaruli formulis” mixedviT. amasTanave gaTvaliswinebuli iqneba vmo-s wevri ganviTarebadi qveynebis interesebi araTanabari valdebulebebis dawesebiT maT sasargeblod; aseve dauwesdebaT specialuri da diferencirebuli pirobebi;
  • specifikuri tarifebis gadayvana ad-valur tarifebSi konkretuli meTodiT;
  • gansakuTrebuli SeRavaTebis daweseba mcire da mgrZnobiare ekonomikebisaTvis;
kvlevis processi wamowrili problemebi
kvlevis procesSi wamoWrili problemebi
  • statistikuri masalebis simwire;
  • susti dargobrivi analizi. pozitiur da normatiul seqtors Soris kavSiris ar arseboba;
  • sabaJo departmanetis statistikuri masalebis araxelmisawvdomoba (konfidencialuroba)
ad