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The basics of judging swine. By Sabrina White. Symbol meanings. Home. Back. Next. Review. Choose. Goals. By the end of this unit, students will be able to identify: Basic body parts on a pig The meaning of basic terms used in swine judging

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The basics of judging swine

The basics of judging swine

By Sabrina White


Symbol meanings
Symbol meanings

Home

Back

Next

Review

Choose


Goals
Goals

By the end of this unit, students will be able to identify:

  • Basic body parts on a pig

  • The meaning of basic terms used in swine judging

  • Desirable conformation in replacement gilts and market hogs


HOME

Click on a link to go to the section you wish to learn about or click on next to proceed to the next slide.

  • Terminology

  • Body Parts

  • Market Hogs

  • Replacement Gilts

  • Review

  • Quiz


Terminology
Terminology

  • Gilt- a female swine before her first litter is born

  • Sow- a female swine after her first litter is born

  • Barrow- a castrated male swine

  • Boar- a fully intact male swine

  • Finish or condition- the amount of fat cover on the hog

  • Design- the conformation, or build of the hog


Body parts
Body Parts

Picture provided by: http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/resource-room/general/swine/swine.gif


Market hog
Market Hog

Provided by: http://www.sabor-artesano.com/imagen/denominacion-jamon-teruel/cerdo-duroc.jpg


Market hog1
Market Hog

Click on a link to go to your desired area or click on next to proceed to the first slide.

  • What is a market hog?

  • Why do we judge market hogs?

  • What do you look for in a market hog?

  • Example Photos

  • Now VS. Then


What is a market hog
What is a market hog?

A market hog can be any gender but the most common are gilts, sows, and barrows. We raise them for the intent of using them as food products and pork byproducts, such as, leather or the pig ears you give to your dog.


Why do we judge market hogs
Why do we judge market hogs?

We judge or evaluate market hogs so we can ensure we get the most and best meat from the hog. This also means the producer will get the most money from his stock. It also helps in choosing a hog that will stay healthy. Undesirable characteristics may lead to soreness or lameness. This can cause the pig to go off feed. In turn, the pig would be costing the producer money.


What do you look for in a market hog

What do you look for in a

Market hog?


Today s standards vs old standards
Today’s Standards VS. Old Standards

Then…

Now…

Years ago, pigs were raised to be fat. People used the lard for various reasons so they made that part of the emphasis when they raised hogs.

In today’s culture, we want lean meats because they are healthier. So, we put most of the emphasis on lean meat from our pigs.


Now vs then
Now VS. Then

Then…

Now…

http://www.a-zanimals.co.uk/animals/farm_pigs.html

http://www.aacporcinos.com.ar/razas_porcinas/hampshire/index.html

http://www.teamsloanlivestock.com/pig_pictures.htm


Example photos
Example Photos

Provided by: http://www.ca.uky.edu/agripedia/agmania/livestock/Hogs/hogclass2.asp


Replacement gilts

Provided by: http://pennerhamps.com/images/04older/6-25-04/wpxgrandchamp.jpg

Replacement Gilts


Replacement gilt
Replacement Gilt http://pennerhamps.com/images/04older/6-25-04/wpxgrandchamp.jpg

Click on a link to go to the subject you wish to learn about or click next to proceed to the first question.

  • What is a replacement gilt?

  • Why do we judge replacement gilts?

  • What do you look for in a replacement gilt?

  • Example Photos


What is a replacement gilt
What is a replacement gilt? http://pennerhamps.com/images/04older/6-25-04/wpxgrandchamp.jpg

A gilt is a female swine before her first litter is born. Replacement gilts are raised for the purpose of reproducing good quality offspring and they will eventually replace a old sow.


Why do we judge replacement gilts

We judge replacement gilts to ensure they pass desirable traits on to their offspring. Another reason for evaluating them is to ensure they will be able to produce and maintain a sizable litter. Finally, the main goal is ensure productive longevity.

Why do we judge replacement gilts?


What do you look for in a replacement gilt
What do you look for in a replacement gilt? traits on to their offspring. Another reason for evaluating them is to ensure they will be able to produce and maintain a sizable litter. Finally, the main goal is ensure productive longevity.

  • ars.sdstate.edu/LivestockJudgingManual.pdfdf


Example photos1
Example Photos traits on to their offspring. Another reason for evaluating them is to ensure they will be able to produce and maintain a sizable litter. Finally, the main goal is ensure productive longevity.

http://www.pattersonshowpigs.com/sow_profiles.html

http://www.kilmerswine.com/winners.htm


Emphasis

More emphasis is put on body structure and leg structure for replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

emphasis


Review
Review replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Market Hog

Overall look for:

Long, lean body

Wide chest

Wide, square, structurally correct feet and leg placement

Long, deep, wide muscular ham

Long, square, wide, level rump

Deep flank

Crease down the back when looking from rear

Replacement Gilt

Overall look for:

Basically same body structure as a market hog

Prominent, refined, evenly-spaced underline

More emphasis on structure or body and legs


QUIZ TIME! replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.


Define a barrow

1. replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Define a barrow…

A female swine before her first litter is born

A castrated male swine

A fully intact male swine

A female after her first litter in born


That s right
THAT’S RIGHT!! replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

A barrow is a male swine that has been castrated.


Try again
Try again… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Remember, a gilt is a female swine before her first litter is born.


Try again1
Try again… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Remember, a fully intact male is a boar.


Try again2
Try again… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Remember, a female swine after her first litter is born is called a sow


Name this body part

2. replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Name this body part.

Ham

Hock

Loin

Snout

Photo provided by http://www.inea.uva.es/web/zootecnia/Monogastricos/razas_cerdo_archivos/razas_duroc.jpg


Correct
CORRECT!! replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

That body part is the ham!


Try again3
Try again… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Hock


Try again4
Try again… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Loin


Try again5
Try again… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Snout


Which is true about replacement gilts

3. replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Which IS true about replacement gilts?

They are bred for food

They have had more than one litter

They are bred for reproductive longevity

The quality of their offspring does not matter


Correct1
CORRECT! replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Replacement gilts are bred for reproductive longevity.


Try again6
Try again… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Remember, market hogs are bred for their meat.


Try again7
Try again… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Remember, gilt means they haven’t had a litter yet.


Try again8
Try again… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Remember, you want good quality offspring.


True or false

4. replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

True or False?

By today’s standards, the hog shown in this photo is over weight.

True

False


That s right1
THAT’S RIGHT! replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Today we put the emphasis on lean meat so we want raise lean hogs.


Sorry
Sorry… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

This hog is over weight. We put the emphasis on lean meat so we breed lean hogs.


What gender is this hog

5. replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

What gender is this hog?

Boar

Barrow

Sow

Gilt

Photo provided by http://www.jsrgenetics.com/boars.php?source=ThePigSiteChina


Correct2
Correct! replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

This is a boar.


Try again9
Try again… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Remember, a barrow is a male swine that has been castrated.


Try again10
Try again… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Remember, a sow is a female swine after her first litter is born.


Try again11
Try again… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Remember, a gilt is a female swine before her first litter is born.


Which hog does not belong in this replacement gilt class

6. replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Which hog does not belong in this replacement gilt class?

A

B

A

B

C

D

C

D

http://www.eliteswineinc.com/winners.html


Correct3
Correct! replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

The barrow doesn’t belong in a replacement gilt class!


Try again12
Try again… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

This is a replacement gilt class, take a closer look.


Which hog has a more desirable finish
Which hog has a more desirable finish? replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

7.

http://www.hoosierstatesemen.com/winners.html

http://www.ca.uky.edu/agripedia/agmania/livestock/Hogs/hogclass2.asp

A

B


Correct4
Correct! replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Hog A has an ideal body condition.


Sorry1
Sorry… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Hog B has excessive fat cover.


Which is a desirable characteristic

8. replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Which is a desirable characteristic?

Over- conditioned

Light muscled

Long and lean

Narrow


Correct5
Correct! replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

A long, lean hog is the most desirable.


Try again13
Try again… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Think back to what we want from a hog.


Why do we evaluate hogs
Why do we evaluate hogs? replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Prevent excess cost to the producer.

Prevent lameness to the animal

Ensure females reach reproductive potential

All of the above


That s right2
That’s Right! replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

We want to prevent excess cost to the producer, lameness to the animal, and ensure the females reach their full reproductive potential.


Sorry2
Sorry… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

They are all reasons we want to evaluate hogs.


Now we ll judge a class

Continue on… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Review

Now We’ll judge a class!

The review will take you to a review page for a refresher on the basics of selecting a quality hog.


ars.sdstate.edu/ replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding. LivestockJudgingManual.pdfd


Take a look at the market barrow class
Take a look at the market barrow class replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

After you’ve taken a look, continue on and answer a few questions on the placings.


Hampshire Market Hogs replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

1

2

3

4


Which hog should be placed first? replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

1

2

4

3


CORRECT! replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Hog 2 is the heaviest – muscled and nicest designed hog. He has a more correctly turned loin edge. He maintains the muscular thickness back into a powerfully constructed hip, ham, and stifle.


TRY AGAIN… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Hog 3 is nicely balanced; however, he lacks the overall muscle mass and volume found in the class


TRY AGAIN… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Hog 4 is a heavy barrow; however, is too non-descript in his muscle shape and design


TRY AGAIN… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Hog 1 is the most modest in muscle of any of the hogs.


Which hog should be placed last? replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

1

3

4


CORRECT! replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Hog 1 is the most modest in muscle.


TRY AGAIN… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Hog 3 is more conformationally correct hog of the pair. He is more descript over his loin edge. He is more free of fat throughout the lower third of his body.


TRY AGAIN… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Hog 4 is a heavier barrow


Which order should the middle be in? replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

3

4

3-44-3


CORRECT! replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Hog 3 is more conformationally correct hog of the pair. He is more descript over his loin edge. He is more free of fat throughout the lower third of his body. Hog 4 is a “pounds heavy” barrow; however, he gets too non-descript in his muscle shape.


TAKE ANOTHER LOOK… replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.

Take another look at the muscle definition and at the condition.


Congratulations you finished the quiz

Congratulations you finished the quiz! replacement gilts. This is because they will be around much long than market hogs. The replacement gilts will be around for a few years compared to market hogs you are around for a few months. Try to think of it like this, in general, replacement gilts will be good for market but not every market hog will be good for breeding.


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