Swine production basics
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Swine Production Basics. © 2001 AgriTeach.com, All Rights Reserved (20701ms). What are the common Breeds?. Hampshire Duroc Berkshire Poland China Chester White Yorkshire Landrace Spotted Cross-breeds. Major States in Production. 5. MN. 9. WI. 8. SD. 1. IA. 3. IN. 6. NE. 2. IL.

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Swine Production Basics

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Swine production basics

Swine Production Basics

© 2001 AgriTeach.com, All Rights Reserved (20701ms)


What are the common breeds

What are the common Breeds?

  • Hampshire

  • Duroc

  • Berkshire

  • Poland China

  • Chester White

  • Yorkshire

  • Landrace

  • Spotted

  • Cross-breeds


Major states in production

Major States in Production

5. MN

9. WI

8. SD

1. IA

3. IN

6. NE

2. IL

7. OH

4. MO


Terminology

Terminology

  • Sow

    • Mature female, after giving birth

  • Boar

    • Intact male

  • Gilt

    • Immature female, before giving birth

  • Barrow

    • Castrated male


Production weights

Production Weights

  • Birth Weight

    • 2-3 pounds

  • Feeder Pigs

    • 30-75 pounds

  • Slaughter Pigs

    • 200-280 pounds

  • Mature Pigs

    • Female (sow): 300-600 pounds

    • Male (boar): 400-800 pounds


Reproduction

Reproduction

  • Normal Season of Birth

    • Spring or Fall - if left unregulated

    • Most producers vary breeding; becomes year round.

  • Breeding Age

    • 8 months, 240-250 pounds

  • Estrous

    • 21 day length

    • 2-3 day duration

  • Boar/Sow Ratios

    • 1 boar to 15 sows on pasture

  • Gestation

    • 112-114 days


Swine production basics1

Swine Production Basics

© 2001 AgriTeach.com, All Rights Reserved (20701ms)


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