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Swine Production Basics. © 2001 AgriTeach.com, All Rights Reserved (20701ms). What are the common Breeds?. Hampshire Duroc Berkshire Poland China Chester White Yorkshire Landrace Spotted Cross-breeds. Major States in Production. 5. MN. 9. WI. 8. SD. 1. IA. 3. IN. 6. NE. 2. IL.

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swine production basics

Swine Production Basics

© 2001 AgriTeach.com, All Rights Reserved (20701ms)

what are the common breeds
What are the common Breeds?
  • Hampshire
  • Duroc
  • Berkshire
  • Poland China
  • Chester White
  • Yorkshire
  • Landrace
  • Spotted
  • Cross-breeds
major states in production
Major States in Production

5. MN

9. WI

8. SD

1. IA

3. IN

6. NE

2. IL

7. OH

4. MO

terminology
Terminology
  • Sow
    • Mature female, after giving birth
  • Boar
    • Intact male
  • Gilt
    • Immature female, before giving birth
  • Barrow
    • Castrated male
production weights
Production Weights
  • Birth Weight
    • 2-3 pounds
  • Feeder Pigs
    • 30-75 pounds
  • Slaughter Pigs
    • 200-280 pounds
  • Mature Pigs
    • Female (sow): 300-600 pounds
    • Male (boar): 400-800 pounds
reproduction
Reproduction
  • Normal Season of Birth
    • Spring or Fall - if left unregulated
    • Most producers vary breeding; becomes year round.
  • Breeding Age
    • 8 months, 240-250 pounds
  • Estrous
    • 21 day length
    • 2-3 day duration
  • Boar/Sow Ratios
    • 1 boar to 15 sows on pasture
  • Gestation
    • 112-114 days
swine production basics1

Swine Production Basics

© 2001 AgriTeach.com, All Rights Reserved (20701ms)

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