Constitution objectives pg 299 327
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Constitution Objectives (pg 299-327) . Identify historical facts about the Constitution Distinguish the purposes of the preamble Identify several articles w/n the constitution Recognize current members w/n the first three articles and note some of their responsibilities.

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Constitution Objectives (pg 299-327)

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ConstitutionObjectives (pg 299-327)

  • Identify historical facts about the Constitution

  • Distinguish the purposes of the preamble

  • Identify several articles w/n the constitution

  • Recognize current members w/n the first three articles and note some of their responsibilities

Top 10 facts of Constitution

  • Author James Madison

  • Signed in Independence Hall, in Philadelphia

  • Signed on September 17, 1787..ratified by needed 9 states in 1788

  • Prepared in secret, behind locked doors guarded by sentries.

  • 55 delegates attending, 39 signed, 3 delegates dissented. Two "founding fathers" didn't sign: Jefferson was in France & Adams was in Great Britain.

  • November 26, 1789, George Washington created the first "Thanksgiving Day“ for the Constitution.

  • At 81, Ben Franklin of PA was the oldest & @ 26, Jonathon Dayton of NJ was the youngest.

  • 1791, Americans added a list of rights to the Constitution. The first ten amendments became known as The Bill of Rights due to concern of a lack of individual rights

  • The original Constitution is on display at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. When the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, it was moved to Fort Knox for safekeeping.

  • More than 11,000 amendments have been introduced in Congress. Thirty three have gone to the states to be ratified & 27 were approved to become amendments

The Constitution was written by

  • A. Benjamin Franklin

  • B. Thomas Jefferson

  • C. James Madison

  • D. Jonathon Dayton

Purpose: provide framework for government & preserve ideals of fore fathers.

  • U.S. Constitution has three main parts:

    • Preamble: opening section

    • Articles (7): describe structure of government

    • Amendments (27): additions and change

Preamble: 6 purposes

  • “To form a more perfect Union”—unite the states to effectively operate as a single nation

  • “To establish Justice”—system of fair laws & courts: all citizens treated equally

  • “To insure domestic Tranquility--peace & order, citizens & property safe

  • “To provide for the common defense”—militarily ready to protect the country and its citizens from outside attacks

  • “To promote the general Welfare”—help people live healthy, happy, & prosperous lives

  • “To secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our posterity”—guarantee freedom & rights of all Americans, including future generations

What is the main purpose of the US Constitution?

A. provide a framework for the U.S. government.

B. Create friendships with other nations

C. All the above

The purpose(s) of the preamble of the constitution is/are______

A. To form a more perfect Union

B. To establish Justice

C. To insure domestic Tranquility

D. All the Above

Articles of the Constitution

  • Seven divisions.: Each article covers a general topic.

    • Article I: legislative branch.

    • Article II: executive branch.

    • Article III: judiciary branch.

    • Article IV: relations among the states

    • Article V: amendment process

    • Article VI: national supremacy

    • Article VII: ratification


Enforce Laws

Interprets & applies Laws

Article I: Legislative- lawmaking authority

House of Representative

Based on state’s population


2 per state

Casey & Toomey



Vice President serves as

president of the senate

Speaker of House is chosen

by the house

Article I: Legislative branch

House of Representative

elected every 6 years

approve or reject treaties & presidential nominations for government offices

30 years old

U.S. citizen (at least 9 yrs)

Fulfilled residency in the state that person wishes to represent

Power of impeachment


  • elected every 2 years

  • introduce spending bills

  • 25 y/o

  • U.S. citizen (at least 7 yrs) when elected, must be in state which represents

  • 435 members

  • 6 states w/1 rep

    • Alaska, Delaware, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, & Wyoming

  • California has the most – 53

The # of representatives to Congress from each state is based on_________

a. Land area

b. Admission date

c. Number of cities

d. Total population

Term of office for a member of the House

  • Two years

  • Three years

  • Four years

  • One year

Article II:Executive branch

  • Cabinet

  • Presidential powers

Secretary of agriculture, labor, health & human services, housing, transportation, energy, education, homeland security

Travels to countries to meet w/heads of foreign governmentsGreets distinguished visitors @ White HouseWorks out treaties/agreements w/other nations Appoints ambassadors Serves as the Commander in Chief: send troops anywhere in the world to protect our interests or to keep peace in troubled places.

A bill becomes a law if it is passed by the ____________ and signed by the _______________.

A. Congress, president

B. House of Representatives, Senate

C. Speaker of the House, President of the Senate

Article III:Judicial-- interprets laws

  • Supreme Court

    • Judge whether federal, state, & local govts are

      acting w/n the law.

    • Decide if a president's action is unconstitutional.

  • Other federal courts

    • Federal courts: Powers derive from U.S. Constitution and federal laws.

    • State courts: Powers derive from state constitutions and law

Brown v. Board of Education

Body w/power to hear cases appealed from lower courts

A. Supreme Court

B. House of Representatives

C. Congress

D. Presidential Party

Article IV: relations among the states.

  • Relationship of states to one another and to national government

  • Admission of new states

  • Guarantee that national government will protect states

  • Republic—a form of democracy

    • Elected representatives make laws and conduct government

  • Article V

    • Amendment process.

    • All 27 amendments were proposed by a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress

    • Senate House of Reps

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