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Constitution Objectives (pg 299-327) . Identify historical facts about the Constitution Distinguish the purposes of the preamble Identify several articles w/n the constitution Recognize current members w/n the first three articles and note some of their responsibilities.

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constitution objectives pg 299 327
ConstitutionObjectives (pg 299-327)
  • Identify historical facts about the Constitution
  • Distinguish the purposes of the preamble
  • Identify several articles w/n the constitution
  • Recognize current members w/n the first three articles and note some of their responsibilities
top 10 facts of constitution
Top 10 facts of Constitution
  • Author James Madison
  • Signed in Independence Hall, in Philadelphia
  • Signed on September 17, 1787..ratified by needed 9 states in 1788
  • Prepared in secret, behind locked doors guarded by sentries.
  • 55 delegates attending, 39 signed, 3 delegates dissented. Two "founding fathers" didn\'t sign: Jefferson was in France & Adams was in Great Britain.
  • November 26, 1789, George Washington created the first "Thanksgiving Day“ for the Constitution.
  • At 81, Ben Franklin of PA was the oldest & @ 26, Jonathon Dayton of NJ was the youngest.
  • 1791, Americans added a list of rights to the Constitution. The first ten amendments became known as The Bill of Rights due to concern of a lack of individual rights
  • The original Constitution is on display at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. When the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, it was moved to Fort Knox for safekeeping.
  • More than 11,000 amendments have been introduced in Congress. Thirty three have gone to the states to be ratified & 27 were approved to become amendments
the constitution was written by
The Constitution was written by
  • A. Benjamin Franklin
  • B. Thomas Jefferson
  • C. James Madison
  • D. Jonathon Dayton
purpose provide framework for government preserve ideals of fore fathers
Purpose: provide framework for government & preserve ideals of fore fathers.
  • U.S. Constitution has three main parts:
    • Preamble: opening section
    • Articles (7): describe structure of government
    • Amendments (27): additions and change
preamble 6 purposes
Preamble: 6 purposes
  • “To form a more perfect Union”—unite the states to effectively operate as a single nation
  • “To establish Justice”—system of fair laws & courts: all citizens treated equally
  • “To insure domestic Tranquility--peace & order, citizens & property safe
  • “To provide for the common defense”—militarily ready to protect the country and its citizens from outside attacks
  • “To promote the general Welfare”—help people live healthy, happy, & prosperous lives
  • “To secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our posterity”—guarantee freedom & rights of all Americans, including future generations
what is the main purpose of the us constitution
What is the main purpose of the US Constitution?

A. provide a framework for the U.S. government.

B. Create friendships with other nations

C. All the above

the purpose s of the preamble of the constitution is are
The purpose(s) of the preamble of the constitution is/are______

A. To form a more perfect Union

B. To establish Justice

C. To insure domestic Tranquility

D. All the Above

articles of the constitution
Articles of the Constitution
  • Seven divisions.: Each article covers a general topic.
    • Article I: legislative branch.
    • Article II: executive branch.
    • Article III: judiciary branch.
    • Article IV: relations among the states
    • Article V: amendment process
    • Article VI: national supremacy
    • Article VII: ratification
slide9

LAWS

Enforce Laws

Interprets & applies Laws

article i legislative lawmaking authority
Article I: Legislative- lawmaking authority

House of Representative

Based on state’s population

Senate

2 per state

Casey & Toomey

Mensch

Harper

Vice President serves as

president of the senate

Speaker of House is chosen

by the house

slide11

Article I: Legislative branch

House of Representative

elected every 6 years

approve or reject treaties & presidential nominations for government offices

30 years old

U.S. citizen (at least 9 yrs)

Fulfilled residency in the state that person wishes to represent

Power of impeachment

Senate

  • elected every 2 years
  • introduce spending bills
  • 25 y/o
  • U.S. citizen (at least 7 yrs) when elected, must be in state which represents
  • 435 members
  • 6 states w/1 rep
    • Alaska, Delaware, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, & Wyoming
  • California has the most – 53
the of representatives to congress from each state is based on
The # of representatives to Congress from each state is based on_________

a. Land area

b. Admission date

c. Number of cities

d. Total population

term of office for a member of the house
Term of office for a member of the House
  • Two years
  • Three years
  • Four years
  • One year
article ii executive branch
Article II:Executive branch
  • Cabinet
  • Presidential powers

Secretary of agriculture, labor, health & human services, housing, transportation, energy, education, homeland security

slide16

Travels to countries to meet w/heads of foreign governmentsGreets distinguished visitors @ White HouseWorks out treaties/agreements w/other nations Appoints ambassadors Serves as the Commander in Chief: send troops anywhere in the world to protect our interests or to keep peace in troubled places.

a bill becomes a law if it is passed by the and signed by the
A bill becomes a law if it is passed by the ____________ and signed by the _______________.

A. Congress, president

B. House of Representatives, Senate

C. Speaker of the House, President of the Senate

article iii judicial interprets laws
Article III:Judicial-- interprets laws
  • Supreme Court
    • Judge whether federal, state, & local govts are

acting w/n the law.

    • Decide if a president\'s action is unconstitutional.
  • Other federal courts
    • Federal courts: Powers derive from U.S. Constitution and federal laws.
    • State courts: Powers derive from state constitutions and law

Brown v. Board of Education

body w power to hear cases appealed from lower courts
Body w/power to hear cases appealed from lower courts

A. Supreme Court

B. House of Representatives

C. Congress

D. Presidential Party

article iv relations among the states
Article IV: relations among the states.
    • Relationship of states to one another and to national government
    • Admission of new states
    • Guarantee that national government will protect states
  • Republic—a form of democracy
    • Elected representatives make laws and conduct government
article v
Article V
  • Amendment process.
  • All 27 amendments were proposed by a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress
  • Senate House of Reps
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